August 20, 2010
By Brian Blase
Remember the Cornhusker Kickback? It was a giveaway to Nebraska brokered in order to secure the vote of one of its senators for Obamacare. After word of the scam broke, pressure mounted on Congress to drop the provision, which it eventually did.
This week, Nebraska governor Dave Heineman released an analysis of the final bill — and Cornhuskers are hurting. The report from Milliman, a leading independent actuarial firm, estimates that Obamacare will increase Nebraska’s annual Medicaid expenses by somewhere between $75 million and $110 million. Heineman called the price tag “potentially devastating to our state budget.”
Some context: Medicaid is a program that provides health insurance to certain categories of the poor. States design their own programs, but the federal government picks up a portion of the total cost. Typically, the feds pick up about 60 percent of total state Medicaid spending. Nationwide, spending on Medicaid has more than quadrupled over the past two decades.
Many health-policy experts believe Medicaid is a broken program. Its cost for taxpayers is rising dramatically, and mounting evidence suggests that Medicaid recipients receive a lower quality of care than privately insured patients. (A recent study from the University of Virginia even found that Medicaid patients have worse surgical outcomes than individuals without insurance.) Despite these problems, Obamacare was designed to achieve half of its insurance-coverage gains by dumping more people into Medicaid. Obamacare mandates that states expand Medicaid eligibility to include all persons below 138 percent of the federal poverty level.
The expansion begins in 2014, and for the first three years, the federal government will pay 100 percent of the cost of insuring the newly eligible enrollees. After 2016, the federal share will gradually decline, until it reaches 90 percent in 2020. Since states were being asked to pick up such a small share of expansion costs, many states felt they were getting a bargain.
But these states forgot to factor in two very important side effects. First, thanks to the publicity around the individual mandate and Obamacare in general, many individuals will sign up for Medicaid who would have been eligible even under the old criteria. States will receive merely their standard federal reimbursement for these individuals, not the elevated one. Milliman estimates that between 21,700 and 27,700 such Nebraskans will enroll in Medicaid. The estimated annual cost: $26 million to $34 million.
The Cornhusker Kickback wouldn’t have spared Nebraska taxpayers this expense. It applied solely to the expansion population — the individuals who gainedeligibility due to the more generous criteria. Had the kickback been retained, federal taxpayers would have picked up 100 percent of the cost of Nebraska’s Medicaid expansion population in perpetuity — the proverbial free lunch for Nebraska. That would have saved Cornhusker taxpayers an estimated $43 million to $60 million per year.
This leads us to the second serious side effect. The federal reimbursement rate encourages careless spending among the states. For every $100 that a state with a 60 percent reimbursement rate spends on Medicaid, $60 seems “free.” The federally funded expansion only makes this distortion worse, by increasing the reimbursement rate for the expansion population.
And of course, that money is not really free. It comes from federal taxpayers — who are, basically, the same people as state taxpayers. From the taxpayers’ perspective instead of the state governments’, there is no reason for states to spend more money onMedicaid than necessary, with or without federal subsidies. In the end, it all comes from pretty much the same pockets.
Further, when costs are passed to a third party, the result is generally waste and inefficiency. It is estimated that 10 percent ofMedicaid spending, or $40 billion annually, is lost to fraud. And as the Milliman study shows, the costs to states for this expansion of theMedicaid population will likely wind up being far higher than the administration advertised.
Obamacare’s Medicaid expansion will cost American taxpayers an estimated $80 billion annually and place people in a system with a shockingly poor track record. This is policy malpractice of the first order.
Brian Blase is a policy analyst in the Center for Health Policy Studies at the Heritage Foundation.
First appeared in National Review Online
Protect America Initiative of the Leadership for America Campaign
Read More >>
Heritage's daily Morning Bell e-mail keeps you updated on the ongoing policy battles in Washington and around the country.
The subscription is free and delivers you the latest conservative policy perspectives on the news each weekday--straight from Heritage experts.
The Morning Bell is your daily wake-up call offering a fresh, conservative analysis of the news.
More than 200,000 Americans rely on Heritage's Morning Bell to stay up to date on the policy battles that affect them.
Rush Limbaugh says "The Heritage Foundation's Morning Bell is just terrific!"
Rep. Peter Roskam(R-IL) says it's "a great way to start the day for any conservative who wants to get America back on track."
Sign up to start your free subscription today!
The Heritage Foundation is the nation’s most broadly supported public policy research institute, with hundreds of thousands of individual, foundation and corporate donors. Heritage, founded in February 1973, has a staff of 275 and an annual expense budget of $82.4 million.
Our mission is to formulate and promote conservative public policies based on the principles of free enterprise, limited government, individual freedom, traditional American values, and a strong national defense. Read More
© 2013, The Heritage Foundation Conservative policy research since 1973