March 4, 2010 | WebMemo on Health Care
President Obama has put forward another variant of health care reform whose foundation is H.R. 3590. Nearly a year after the President launched the health reform process with a White House summit, public opinion has moved even more strongly in the direction of keeping longstanding prohibitions on federal financing of abortion and plans that cover abortion. Despite this fact, H.R. 3590 includes multiple provisions that facilitate abortion funding, including new grants to federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) that contain no restriction on abortion payments whatsoever.
Moreover, H.R. 3590 provides ample room for administrative agencies of government, including the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and the Office of Personnel Management (OPM), to dramatically expand federal involvement in abortion without further congressional authorization. Without inclusion of the Stupak–Pitts amendment, H.R. 3590 marks a historic departure from the federal policy on taxpayer-funded abortions that has prevailed for more than three decades.
Public Rejects Taxpayer Coverage for Abortion
Polls taken in the U.S. have routinely showed majority support for limits on taxpayer funding of abortion. Since 1976, restrictions on such funding have grown to span numerous public programs, including Medicaid, the Federal Employee Health Benefits Program, the Indian Health Service, appropriations for the District of Columbia, and many more. Nearly two dozen federal programs or agencies are covered by such policies, which include measures to protect the right of medical personnel and health care researchers not to participate in abortions.
In March 2009, President Obama convened a summit of insurance industry leaders at the White House to discuss reform proposals. The summit did not include a discussion of one of the most likely sticking points in any health care reform proposal: the future application of the appropriations limit known as the Hyde Amendment. This annual amendment—and similar provisions applied to entities ranging from the Indian Health Service to the Defense Department to the District of Columbia—bars coverage of abortions except in narrow circumstances. The Hyde Amendment was first adopted by Congress in 1976 and has been renewed each year since.
When consensus on abortion funding eluded congressional negotiators last summer, President Obama addressed Congress and asserted, “One more misunderstanding I want to clear up—under our plan, no federal dollars will be used to fund abortions.” However, it took a bipartisan amendment by Congressmen Bart Stupak (D–MI) and Joe Pitts (R–PA) to bar all funds authorized or appropriated under the bill—including plans purchased using its new system of affordability credits—from covering abortion. The vote on Stupak–Pitts was 240–194 in favor of the amendment.
The margin of victory for Stupak–Pitts clearly reflected continuing public sentiment. A CNN poll taken shortly after the House vote found that 60 percent of Americans oppose public funding of abortion. One month later, a Quinnipiac University poll showed 72 percent of Americans oppose abortion funding with taxpayer dollars.
Senate Bill Funds Abortion in Multiple Ways
Despite this level of public support for excluding abortion subsidies from health care reform, H.R. 3590 effectively finances abortions in several ways, even creating a new appropriation for FQHCs that contains no limit at all on abortion subsidies. Among the most important of these provisions, the Senate bill would:
Reconciliation Offers Little Hope
The President’s own proposal for health care reform acknowledges that it works from the premises of H.R. 3590. It adds nothing new with respect to the abortion language of H.R. 3590, and it can therefore be presumed to envision its enactment. In fact, the White House proposes to boost the direct appropriation for FQHCs to $11 billion over five years. Again, these funds are governed by no abortion funding limitation whatsoever.
Moreover, the prospect of using the budget reconciliation process to implement House-supported changes to the Senate bill holds out little hope for congressional approval of Stupak–Pitts. On March 2, House Speaker Nancy Pelosi acknowledged that changes to abortion law could not occur in reconciliation because “under the budget resolution you can only take up issues that are central to the budget,” and abortion is not among those issues.
Hyde on the Chopping Block
It is clear that the Obama Administration and congressional leadership are intent on providing taxpayer funds for the coverage of elective abortion. Direct subsidies to FQHCs, exclusion of the Stupak–Pitts Amendment, and refusal to include clarifying language excluding such coverage all indicate that the Hyde Amendment is on the chopping block.
Members of Congress should demand that taxpayer coverage of abortion be excluded from the final health care bill. As numerous polls indicate, they will have the American people on their side.
Chuck Donovan is Senior Research Fellow in the Richard and Helen DeVos Center for Religion and Civil Society at The Heritage Foundation.
CNN Politics, “Poll: Majority Favor Abortion Funding Ban,” November 18, 2009, at http://www.cnn.com/2009/POLITICS/11/18/abortion.poll/ (March 3, 2010). Reflecting public sentiment, 33 of the 50 states have strict legislative limits on use of state funds for elective abortions. Of the remaining 17 states, only four voted legislatively to use state funds for elective abortions; the remainder fund abortions under court order.
National Committee for a Human Life Amendment, “The Hyde Amendment,” April 2008, at http://www.nchla.org/datasource/ifactsheets/4FSHydeAm22a.08.pdf (March 3, 2010).
 The New York Times, “Obama’s Health Care Speech to Congress,” September 9, 2009, at http://www.nytimes.com/2009/09/10/us/politics/10obama.text.html (March 3, 2010).
Quinnipiac University, “U.S. Voters Oppose Health Care Plan by Wide Margin, Quinnipiac National University Poll Finds; Voters Say 3-1, Plan Should Not Pay for Abortions,” December 22, 2009, at http://www.quinnipiac.edu/x1295.xml?ReleaseID=1408 (March 3, 2010).
FQHCs, sometimes called Community Health Centers, are primary health clinics that serve low-income Americans. Grants to the centers were authorized under Section 330 of the Public Health Service Act of 1944 (PHSA). By law, the centers must assist a medically underserved population and offer a sliding-fee scale. There are an estimated 1,250 such centers operating in the U.S. Section 330 of the PHSA requires the centers to offer “family planning,” “prenatal services,” and “perinatal services.” Abortion is not specifically excluded from FQHC services, and the Hyde Amendment limitation applies only to those FQHC funds that derive from specific appropriations through the annual Department of Labor/HHS spending bill.
 For a detailed comparison of the House and Senate bills, see Americans United for Life, “Abortion Funding in Existing Law and Health Care Reform Legislation,” January 6, 2010, at http://www.realhealthcarerespectslife.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/10/Comparison1.pdf (March 3, 2010).
The White House, “The President’s Proposal,” February 22, 2010, at http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/summary-presidents-proposal.pdf (March 3, 2010).