COVID-19 deeply affected not just the United States but the world, and the U.S. has an important leadership role to play in global recovery. Read: Foreign Policy: Leading the International Recovery and Demanding Accountability

Europe Appendix of Heritage Research:

Ted R. Bromund and Daniel Kochis, “The Top Five U.S. Priorities for European Policy in 2021,” Heritage Foundation Issue Brief No. 6037, January 13, 2021,

James M. Roberts and Daniel Lacalle, “Spain’s Economic Freedom Improves—But Post-COVID Risks Are Enormous,” Heritage Foundation Issue Brief No. 5080, June 16, 2020,

James Jay Carafano and Ian Brzezinski, “We Need a U.S.–European Partnership Recovery Program,” Heritage Foundation Commentary, June 12, 2020,

James Jay Carafano, Luke Coffey, Nile Gardiner, Terry Miller, Klon Kitchen, Ted R. Bromund, and Daniel Kochis, “The U.S.–European Economic Partnership Recovery Plan,” Heritage Foundation Special Report No. 230, May 8, 2020,

James Jay Carafano, “After Coronavirus—We Still Need Europe and They Need Us. Here’s What Has to Happen,” Heritage Foundation Commentary, April 13, 2020,

Alexis Mrachek, “Don’t Believe Russia’s Disinformation about Coronavirus,” Heritage Foundation Commentary, April 7, 2020,

Alexis Mrachek, “Russia’s Coronavirus Handling Proves Little Has Changed Since Soviet Times,” Heritage Foundation Commentary, March 27, 2020,

Helle C. Dale, “Coronavirus Fears Fed by Soviet-style Agitprop From Russia, China, and Iran,” Heritage Foundation Commentary, March 10, 2020,

James Jay Carafano, “Europe No Longer Welcoming Refugees—Some Likely Carry Coronavirus,” Heritage Foundation Commentary, March 6, 2020,        


COVID-19: Lessons Learned and Path Ahead