What Does the Employee Free Choice Act Do?
1. It requires employers to recognize a union-- without an election--once organizers collect cards from a majority of employees. The act states that once the union submits signatures from over 50 percent of the employees to the National Labor Relations Board, it must certify the union without an election;
2. It imposes first-contract mediation and arbitration; and
3. It dramatically increases the penalties for unfair labor practices committed by employers during an organizing drive.
Economic Consequences of EFCA
James Sherk is Bradley Fellow in Labor Policy in the Center for Data Analysis at The Heritage Foundation.
Barry T. Hirsch, "What Do Unions Do for Economic Performance?" in James Bennett and Bruce Kaufman, eds., What Do Unions Do? A Twenty-Year Perspective (Edison, N.J.: Transaction Publishers, 2007), pp. 214-218; Hirsch, "Unionization and Economic Performance: Evidence on Productivity, Profits, Investment, and Growth," in Fazil Mihlar, ed., Unions and Right-to-Work Laws (Vancouver, B.C.: The Fraser Institute, 1997), pp. 35-70; S. Bronars, D. Deere, and J. Tracy, "The Effects of Unions on Firm Behavior: An Empirical Analysis Using Firm-Level Data," Industrial Relations, 1994, pp. 33, 426-451.