Obama, response to 2008 Human Rights Campaign Presidential
Questionnaire and interview with MTV.
"For thousands of years, on the basis of experience, tradition, and
legal precedent, every society and every major religious faith have
upheld Marriage as a unique relationship by which a man and a woman
are joined together for the primary purpose of forming and
maintaining a family." Matthew Spalding, "A Defining Moment:
Marriage, the Courts, and the Constitution," Heritage Foundation
Backgrounder No. 1759, May 17, 2004, at http://www.heritage.org/Research/LegalIssues/bg1759.cfm.
"[T]he institution of Marriage has systematically provided for
the regulation of heterosexual behavior, brought order to the
resulting procreation, and ensured a stable family structure in
which children will be reared, educated, and socialized."
Morrison v. Sadler, 821 N.E.2d 15, 25 (Ind. App. 2005). In
light of this history, it is not surprising that "a core meaning
constitutive of the Marriage institution has nearly always been the
union of a man and a woman." Monte Neil Stewart, "Marriage Facts,"
Harvard Journal of Law & Public Policy, Vol. 31 (2008),
pp. 313, 321, at /static/reportimages/70D4BA6BAF10025E590667CBDB3FFD05.pdf(January
Skinner v. Oklahoma ex rel. Williamson, 316 U.S. 535, 541
remarks you made on the occasion of Father's Day, you described the
family as "the most important" of "all the rocks upon which we
build our lives" and called on listeners "to recognize and honor
how critical every father is to that foundation." You described
fathers as "teachers and coaches," "mentors and role models,"
"examples of success," and "the men who constantly push us toward
[success]." You then said, "too many fathers also are is
[sic] missing-missing from too many lives and too many
homes." "Remarks of Senator Barack Obama: Apostolic Church of God,"
Chicago, Ill., June 15, 2008, at http://www.barackobama.com/2008/06/
2009). Your message that children need both a father and a mother
corresponds with social science data supporting the same
conclusion. For example, an independent and nonpartisan research
center called Child Trends published a study in 2002 finding that
"research clearly demonstrates that family structure matters for
children, and the family structure that helps children the most is
a family headed by two biological parents in a low-conflict
marriage." Kristin Anderson Moore, Susan M. Jekielek, and Carol
Emig, "Marriage from a Child's Perspective: How Does family
Structure Affect Children, and What Can We Do about It?" Child
Trends Research Brief, June 2002, at /static/reportimages/688E227F4D9F9F0600A5B710F8851A22.pdf(January
During your presidential campaign, you said that, "for me as a
Christian...[Marriage] is also a sacred union." Obama, interview
with Rev. Rick Warren.
Senator Barack Obama, "Call to Renewal Keynote Address," Call to
Renewal Conference on Building a Covenant for a New America, June
28, 2006, at http://www.barackobama.com/2006/06/28
/call_to_renewal_keynote_address.php(January 12, 2009).
You have stated, and we agree, that "[s]ecularists are wrong when
they ask believers to leave their Religion at the door before
entering into the public square." Ibid.
See 28 U.S.C. § 1738C.
"There are 30 states that have constitutional amendments protecting
traditional Marriage, including the three states (Arizona,
California, and Florida) that passed constitutional amendments in
November 2008." Alliance Defense Fund, DOMAwatch.org, at http://www.domawatch.org/index.php (January
You stated, "I oppose the divisive and discriminatory efforts to
amend the California Constitution, and similar efforts to amend the
U.S. Constitution or those of other states." Letter from Barack
Obama to the Alice B. Toklas LGBT Democratic Club, San Francisco,
Cal., June 29, 2008, at /static/reportimages/92A1BE7EAF93D52CE81C72CD9F9CC706.pdf
(January 12, 2009).
See Messner, "Same-Sex Marriage and the Threat to Religious
Individuals who supported Proposition 8 have been pressured out of
their jobs; their businesses have been targeted for reprisals;
churches have been vandalized; a copy of The Book of Mormon has
been set on fire on the steps of a Mormon church; and suspicious
white powder has been sent to Mormon temples. See Ryan Messmore and
Thomas M. Messner, "Protecting and Strengthening Religious Freedom:
A Memo to President-elect Obama," Heritage Foundation Special
Report No. 36, December 16, 2008, at http://www.heritage.org/Research/Religion/sr36.cfm.