After the Veto: Next Steps for Congress on the War Funding Bill
Last week, Congress passed irresponsible legislation that holds
hostage funding for combat operations in Iraq and Afghanistan.
Members of Congress knew when they voted on the bill that the
President would consider it unacceptable and veto it. The
President's position is correct, and Congress must make haste to
send the President a law he can sign. Anything less will put the
lives of American soldiers in battle at risk, undermine vital
national interests, risk embroiling America even more deeply in the
Middle East, and give Americans the false hope that cutting and
running will make the world a better place.
Law and Disorder
For at least four reasons, Congress was wrong to set a fixed
timeline for the withdrawal of U.S. troops from Iraq in its
supplemental defense appropriations bill:
- Success is an option. When the Senate approved the
appointment of General David Petraeus to command U.S. troops in
Iraq, he told them there is no U.S. military solution to Iraq's
problems but that American troops are needed to help Iraq prepare
to govern and protect itself. He laid out a strategy to create the
conditions for a responsible withdrawal of combat forces. The plan
consists of breaking the spiral of violence in Baghdad, building
the capacity of the Iraqi military to take over responsibility for
security, and fostering effective and responsive Iraqi governance.
He said it would take until to June to deploy the troops needed to
the job, until September to conclude whether progress is possible,
and then more time to finish the mission and bring the troops home.
He returned to Washington last week and told Congress that his
views have not changed. In response, Congress declared failure and
ordered the troops home.
- There is a war to be won.The fact that both al-Qaeda and
Iran have rushed into Iraq to throw gasoline on the fire, fueling
sectarian violence in an effort to make the country ungovernable,
only demonstrates that the U.S. faces vicious, opportunistic, and
relentless enemies who are willing to murder innocents and thwart
peace in order to further their own expansionist agendas. Today,
there is solid intelligence that sectarian violence is on the
decline, and Iran and al-Qaeda are redoubling efforts to reverse
this trend. Cutting and running would hand these enemies of freedom
a victory and encourage more aggression.
- Walking away will not end the war.Withdrawal would leave
behind those working to throw Iraq into chaos, and the likely
results would be a humanitarian disaster and a regional proxy war.
Withdrawal would not end America's involvement in the Long War any
more than abandoning the South Vietnamese ended the Cold War. After
the defeat in Vietnam, America's enemies became emboldened,
sponsoring violence in South America, Africa, and Asia. In
response, the United States had to increase military spending and
engage on new fronts. The world became a more dangerous place after
the U.S. cut and ran from Vietnam. A similar result is likely if
the U.S. abandons Iraq. America cannot simply ignore the problems
that running away would cause.
- Polls do not make Americans safer.Congress knew that an
anti-war bill would "poll well" because many Americans are
disillusioned over the lack of tangible progress in turning Iraq
over to the Iraqis. Public opinion polls, however, do not make
America safe, free, and prosperous. Promising Americans that
cutting and running from Iraq is the answer to the nation's
national security challenges is disingenuous. Only an America that
stands up for its vital interests can make America safer.
Congress Should Support the Troops
Members of Congress knew they were passing a sure-to-be-vetoed
bill. They knew that no President could accept the consequences of
cutting and running. Delay will harm U.S. interests, undermine the
training and readiness of the armed forces, and jeopardize the
lives of young soldiers on the battlefield today. Congress should
give the President a bill he can sign.
James Jay Carafano,
Ph.D., is Assistant Director of the Kathryn and Shelby Cullom
Davis Institute for International Studies and Senior Research
Fellow for National Security and Homeland Security in the Douglas
and Sarah Allison Center for Foreign Policy Studies at The Heritage