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Executive Memorandum #330 on Religion and Civil Society and Civil Society

May 5, 1992

The Urban Policy America Needs

By


(Archived document, may contain errors)

5/5/92 330

THE URBAN POLICY AMERICA NEEDS

Last week's riots in Los Angeles horrified law-abiding Americans everywhere. Ile disturbances trig- gered urgent demands for order to be restored. But they also generated calls for action to deal with the deep- seated frustrations of Americans living in poor central-city neighborhoods-frustrations, it is said, that cre- ated a tinderbox waiting to be ignitedL The danger is that the reaction of lawmakers will be to administer yet another expensive dose of the disastrous programs that are responsible for the collapse of urban communi- ties, rather than to free those communities from suffocating bureaucracy and a numbing welfare system. President George Bush's first response to the violence in the Lo s Angeles streets was wise and forceful. Public safety is the first priority of government. And like other responsible political leaders, Bush- made it clear to rioter and shocked bystander allke that order must and will be restored. Tough action to guaran t ee safe streets is in the interest of all racial groups. He also reminded America, that the right way to deal with the perceived injustice of the verdict in the trial of the four Los Angeles policemen is through a swift and thorough investigation by the J u stice Depmtnent and, if called for, prosecution in the federal courts. Bush next must address the anger and hopelessness that created the environment for the violence.'In doing so he must first reject the phoney argument that what is needed is a "Marshall Plan" for urban Amer - ica. Vast new public housing projects, even more generous welfare benefits for single mothers, and anotheir army of social welfare administrators will do nothing to improve America's cities. Indeed it is such pro- grams, which under p inned the Great Society and continue to be the basis of today's "anti-poverty" strategy, that are the root cause of the problem. Public housing projects in most cases have become crime-fidden pris- difs-65f ckspair, inner-city public schools systematicall y fail their students and are answerable to no one; the welfare system rewards single motherhood and irresponsible fathers while penalizing working, intact fami- lies; and a plethora of rules and regulations suffocate would-be entrepreneurs in poor communi t ies. The last thing urban America needs is to be struck again by that kind of helping hand. Empowerment and Responsibility. Needed instead is an urban policy that gives inner-city Americans a real stike in their own neighborhoods and their family's future . This means -giving these Americans effec- tive control over their own lives. When people feel that others have the power to determine their economic and social future, the result is frustration, resentment, and often racial tension. But having a real sta k e also means a person must take responsibility for his or her own life. Empowerment implies a corresponding re- sponsibility. And empowerment is impossible without peace and order in city streets. Thus Bush should demand swift congressional action on meas u res now languishing on Capitol Hill that would give inner-city Americans real power to determine their own future. Among these: vo America 2000, which would begin to give parents the chance to determine which school their child at- tends-public or private -and thereby wrest control away from administrative bureaucracies and teacher unions;

Enterprise Zones, which would reduce tax and regulatory obstacles to Americans taking the risk of start- ing a business in blighted neighborhoods;

Public Housing "Pere strolka," which would allow tenants in run-down, troubled public housing projects to take over the management of these projects from often corrupt local Public Housing Authorities. This builds on the success of tenant-managed projectsacross the country. E a ch of these proposals is bottled up in Congress because the vast, paternalist welfare state bureaucracy exerts enormous pressure on Congress to preserve its power to micro-manage the lives of poor Americans, while the congressional leadership refuses to c o nfront the welfare state lobby. Each proposal is bottled up also because, so far, President Bush has not given vigorous political support to those in his cabinet-most notably Housing and Urban Development Secretary Jack Kemp-who are spearheading the empow e rment strategy. What Bush should do is explain to the American people why these measures are needed to revive the cities, and say bluntly who is opposing them. Bush needs in addition to help the efforts of governors and state legislators to reform welfare , changing it hom a system that discourages marriage, work, and family responsibility to one that encourages each of these virtues. Today's welfare system, and the irresponsibility it demands as the price for government aid, is perhaps the leading cause of the destructive social and economic environment in America's inner cities- the environment that made the Los Angeles riots a possibility. Bush can help such overdue welfare reform in three ways: First, he can direct federal agencies to give top priority t o granting administrative exemptions from fed- eral regulations, a process known as giving "waivers," to innovative state proposals to reform the welfare system in ways that would strengthen intact families and encourage work; Second, he can-raise the prof i le of the.Commission on Urban Families, chaired by Nfissouri Governor John Ashcroft. The Commission, established this spring, is due to complete its work by the end of the year. That report could become the blueprint for arresting the decline of the inner - city family; and Third, he can submit legislation to Congress to provide medical insurance vouchers and grant more gener- ous tax relief for low-income working families with children. These measures would give a powerful incen- tive for many parents to le a ve the repressive welfare system and seek a job. The Los Angeles riots did not happen, as some have charged, because of the unwillingness of Americans to spend money on their central cities. They happened because Americans spent hundreds of billions of do l- lars over the last 25 years creating a paternalistic and oppressive welfare state that has been a disaster for urban America. Now it is time to liberate the inner cities.

Stuart M. Butler, Ph.D. Vice President Director of Domestic and Economic Policy Studies

For further information: Stuart M. Butler, "Guidelines for StateWelfare Reform," Heritage Lecture No. 346, October 30,1991. Robert Rector, "How to Stmngthen Ameri&s Crumbling Families," Heritage Foundation Backgrounder No. 894, April 28, 1992.

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