November 2, 1990 | Backgrounder on Taxes
Your New Taxes Working for You
(Archived document, may contain errors)
795 November 2,1990 YOUR NEW TAXES WORKING FOR YOU INTRODUCITON
Washington has cheated the brim taxpayer once again with another
grand budget deal that allegedly will reduce the deficit.
Congressional leaders arc now congratulating themselves for their
Ipolitical courage" in passing what they claim Q a five-year plan
to eliminate the deficit by raising over $140 billion in new taxes
and enacting deep cuts in federal sp ending. Supporters of this
plan are telling the tr& when they say that taxes will rise,
they are not when they say that spending will be cut.
Members of Congress did not have the courage to cut one dollar of
waste pork, fraud, or unneccss81y spending hm th e 6scall991
budget. Indeed they gave their favorite programs healthy increases
ovcr fiscal 1990 funding levels, and these programs will continue
to grow over the five-year life of this package. Nondefense
domestic spending is guaranteed to increase by $24 5 billion
through 1995, or 6 percent per yew, to this must be added growth in
net interest on the debt and the cost of the Savings and Loan
bailout. Rather than applying the new tax revenues toward deficit
reduction, Congress in stead will spend 61.75 for every new dollar
of taxes raised in this package.
Addicted to Spending. The alleged "savings" in this package really
are so called "spending off-sets" comprised of $110 billion in
increased user fees hidden taxes, and budgetary accounting
gimmicks. Since e very dollar of revenues raised through these
off-sets frees up another dollar for more pro gram spending,
Congress can claim to be saving taxpayers money while in creasing
spending proportionately.The only honest method of reducing federal
spending is for members of Congress to admit that they are addicted
to spending and to show political courage by shooing the special
interest groups away from the federal feeding trough Questions for
Congress. There is no need for Congress to dismantle the social
safety n et or weaken national security to reduce the deficit.
Members of Congress do need to ask whether each federal program,
such as those listed in the appendix to this study, truly serve the
national interest. Should taxpayers in Florida, for example, pay
par t of the $4.4 million needed for a railroad crossing project in
Springfield;Illinois Or should residents of Min neapolis subsidize
a 2.6 million flood control project at the Sam Rayburn Reservoir
inTexas Is it really a national priority to spend $3.6 milli on for
an urban gardening program 205,000 for the Karamu Theater Project
in Cleveland, Ohio, or $50,000 for seedless grape research in
Congressmen should ask a few simple questions about each program.
If they answer yes, then the program does not require federal
funds, and Con gress should take action to reform, restructure, or
eliminate the program.
The questions 1) Does the program serve localized or special
interests rather than 2) Has the program failed, fulfilled its
mission, outlived its us efulness 3) Is Congress funding duplicate
or contradictory programs 4) Does the program or service have
identifiable users and should not these users pay for the service
or good they receive 5) Is Congress engaging in central planning or
attempting to set na tional priorities that should be left to
communities or individuals 6) Can the program or service be
provided by private charities and neighborhood organizations 7) Is
the federal program competing with private commercial enterprises
8) Has Congress pr e vented people from helping themselves by em
powering bureaucrats and experts rather than those individuals that
the program was intended to help 9) Is Congress creating a program
to compensate for laws or regula tions that prevent the private
sector from r esponding to peoples needs and demands 10) If deficit
reduction is so important, cannot spending for this project or
program be postponed another year until the government is in a
better financial position the nation as a whole or simply become
irrelevant To be sure, many programs currently funded by the
federal government may be worthwhile. Yet they may be best provided
by smaller branches of government, the private sector, or
individuals themselves. Filling potholes on 2 Main Street and
fixing a local ra ilroad crossing in Springfield are not roles for
a national Congress.
Many programs were established to achieve specific national goals
during extreme national conditions like the Depression or World War
11, yet they were never dismantled when these condit ions changed.
Example: the Rural Electrification Administration REA) was
established during the 1930s to bring electricity, and later
telephone service to rural America. Today, nearly 100 percent of
rural America has electkity and nearly 99 percent has te l ephones,
yet REA still spends $2 billion of taxpayers money per year
Duplications and Contradictions. Since Congress almost never ends
out dated programs or reforms them to meet modem times, it tends to
add new layers of programs on top of the old when co n stituents
demand congressional action. Congress also tends to spread these
new programs over many agencies so that as many constituencies as
possible become dependent on the pro gram. If a new program then
proves a failure or contradicts the mission of an other program,
Congress then creates yet another layer of programs to solve the
problems generated by the duplication. Example: There are roughly
60 anti-poverty programs administered by the federal government.
Nearly every federal agency has its own anti- poverty program,
including the military, if certain veterans assistance programs are
counted. Recent pres sures on Congress to do something about
homelessness led to the passage of the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless
Assistance Act of 1987, named after the l a te Connecticut
Republican Congressman, which created seventeen dif ferent programs
administered through seven federal agencies cies become most
dependent when Congress makes itself the sole funding source for a
program, especially one which has noble or l o fty goals. Then the
nobility of the programs goal places an invisible barrier against
public scrutiny and accountability. In human health research
programs, for ilistance the result of this lack of scrutiny is
often absurd projects, such as the fabled 84, O OO study of why
people fall in love or the $2,500 study of the causes of rudeness,
lying, and cheating on tennis courts. Requiring researchers to get
half of their research monies from the private sector would seem a
reasonable method of weeding out such p rojects Creating dependent
constituencies is the lifeblood of Congress. Constituen All of the
shortcomings of the budget process led to the chaotic situation in
Washington this fall.The federal government was kept open by
emergency legislation for a few d ays at a time, and even closed
for two days. Members of Congress were asked to vote on huge
spending bill that they had no time to review. And in the end,
spending increased to record levels.
Bracing for a Recession. At a time when families and many major
corpora tions are bracing themselves for a recession, Congress is
raising Americans taxes and expanding the size of government. With
all of Congresss claims of spending cuts and deficit reduction, not
one of the over 3 million civilian federal workers wil l lose his
or her job as a result. In fact, most workers will receive pay
increases and many programs actually will add more staff 3 The
following pages compile some'of the programs that members of Con
gress could have reformed or eljminated if they genuin e ly wanted
to cut spending.This list is not exhaustive. Nor does it include
examples from ap propriations bills not yet printed, such as the
Departments of Defense and In terior, and the District of Columbia.
Unavailable for scrutiny too is the ap propriat ions bill for the
Legislative Branch. Had it been printed, it would show the 30
percent pay raise that Congress gave itself earlier this year.
Scott A. Hodge Grover M. Hermann Fellow in Federal Budgetary
Affairs Heritage Foundation Research interns James G old, Kenneth
Ian, Susan Wdkes, and Tom Word assisted in the preparation of this
study 4 APPENDIX APPROPRIATIONS FOR AGRICULTURE, RURAL DEVELOPMENT
AND RELAbmD AGENCIES Total Conference Agreement 52.1 billion 7
billion over fiscal 1990 appropriations Agric ultural Research
Service Research 621.5 million.
Kenaf Research Project 1.1 mil lion Russian Wheat Aphid 200,000
Soybean-based Ink 100,000 Scrapie/bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy
300,000 Sweet Potato Research 250,000 Turkey Osteomyelitis Complex
200,000 Hawaii: Fruit Fly Eradication 900,000 Idaho, Utah: Bee
Research 50,000 Idaho: Ve g etable Oils as Fuels 100,000 Oregon:
Eastern Filbert Blight 67,000 New Mexico: Locoweed Research 200,000
Georgia, North Carolina, Virginia: Peanut Research 300,000 Research
for a product purportedly with tremendous commercial potential for
farmers 25,OOO of which goes to Lehigh University.This is apart
from the $525,000 for general soybean research with an additional
$150,000 specifically to research the Sweet Potato Whitefly
Buildings and Facilities Federally owned facilities 41 million.
Arkansas: Rice Re search Center 223,000 Colorado: National Seed
Storage Lab 3 million Texas: ARS Bee Lab 1.7 million Washington:
U.S. Fruit and Vegetable Lab 5.1 million 5 Special Research Grants
61.9 million Includes Wood Utilization Research 2.8 million
Safflower Researc h 248. 000 Animal Science Food Safety Consortium
1.8 million Soybean Research 493. 000 Brucellosis Research 475. 000
68. O00 Crambe and Rapeseed 500. 000 National Center for Physical
Acoustics 500. 000 Arkansas: SeedlessTable Grapes 50. 000 Massa
chusetts: Belgian Endive 67. 000 Michigan: Asparagus Yield Decline
94. OOO Blueberry Shoestring Virus 92. 000 Celery Fusarium 39. 000
Missouri: Soybean Cyst Nemotode 333. 000 Nebraska: Sandhills
Grazing Management Practices 99. 000 New Jersey: CranberryBl u
eberry Disease and Breeding 260. 000 New Mexico: Broom Snakeweed
150. 000 Phytophthora Root Rot 12!5. 000 North Dakota: Grasshopper
Bicontrol 73. 000 Oklahoma: Pecan Weevil 25. 000 Cooperative State
Research Senrice 38 8.5 million Administration of Cooper a tive
State Research Service 17.9 million Shrimp Aquaculture 3.4 million
North Dakota: Maize Genetics Center loo. 000 Herd Management 375.
000 Cooperative State Research Buildings and Facilities 62.9
million Poultry Center of Excellence 3.8 million Center f or
Alternative Pest Control 811. 000 Tennessee Arkansas: Extension
Service 3893 million Includes Administration of Extension Service
9.2 million Smith-Lever Act Payments 252.6 million Urban Gardening
Program 3;6 million Farm Safety 1.97 million Pesticide I mpact
Assessment 3.2 million National Agricultural Library 16.8 million
Animal and.Plant Health Inspection Service Salaries and Expenses 38
1.1 million Africanized Bee 500,000 Agricultural Quarantine
Inspection 71.3 million Mediterranean Fruit Fly 12.2 mi l lion
Screwworm 33.4 million Animal Damage Control-Operations 24.6
million Animal Health Compliance and Enforcement 12.4 million Boll
Weevil 13.1 million Brucellosis Eradication 64.6 million
CattleTicks 13 million Grasshopper and Mormon Cricket 3.4 million
Noxious Weeds 1.1 million Pseudorabies 6.6 million Swine Health
Protection 33 million Witchweed 5.1 million Buildings and
Facilities 21.4 million Administrative and Operating Expenses:
Conference agreement appropriates such I Extension Work to 1890
Land-g r ant Colleges and Tuskegee University 22.8 million With a
reserve fund of $5 million Federal Crop Insurance Corporation sums
as necessary. House had proposed $101.6 million versus a Senate
proposal of 325.9 million. Operating Costs since 1981 were in exces
s of $2 billion, and the program now costs over $1 billion per
year. The Bush budget had proposed to terminate this program
Federal Crop Insurance Corporation Fund 337.4 million 7 Rural
Development Programs Rural Housing Insurance Fund Loans 2 billion
Farm Ownership 542 million Operating Loans 3.5 billion Credit
Insurance Fund 6 billion Rural Development Loan Fund 32.5 million
Rural Development Grants 20.8 million Floor 622 million Ceiling 933
million Conservation Operations 375,000 Watershed and Flood Prev e
ntion Operations 185.7 million Agricultural Conservation Program
190 million Water Bank Program 13.6 million Agricultural Credit
Insurance Fund Loans Reimbursement for .net realized losses and.
interest. subsidies of the Agricultural Rural Electrification
Administration Loans: Soil Conservation Service Agricultural
Stabilization and Conservation Service APPROPRIATIONS FOR THE
DEPARTMENTS OF COMMERCE JUSTICE, STATE,THE JUDICIARY AND RELATED
AGENCIES Total Conference Agreement 193 billion Department of Comme
r ce Economic Development Administration Economic Development
Assistance Programs 209 million Includes 12.9 million for the Trade
Adjustment Assistance Program, and $550,000 for industry grants.
International Trade Administration 185 million Iowa, Ames Supp o rt
costs for a new materials center 3 million Office of Textiles and
Apparels 7.2 million Export Administration 43.5 million Minority
Business Development Agency 40.5 million United StatesTravel and
Tourism Administration 19.6 million Includes 3.3 million grant to
the Tailored Clothing Technology Corporations 8 National Oceanic
and Atmospheric Administration (NOM Resource Information 83 million
Alaskan Groundfish Surveys 700,000 Aquaculture 2.7 million
Stuttgart Arkansas, Fish Farm 2.7 million Hawaii. Stoc k Management
Plan 400,000 West Coast Groundfish 843,000 Gear Entaglement Studies
703,000 State and Industry Assistance Programs 21 million Includes:
Interjurisdictional Fisheries Grants 3.5 million Anadromous Grants
2.3 million FisheriesTrade Promotion Act ivities 1.4 million Fish
Oil Research 942,000 Mahi Mahi/U.S Asia Aquaculture 470,000 Seafood
Consumer Center 1 million Ocean and Great Lakes Program 78 million
Includes 3 million for Zebra Mussel Research.
National Weather Service 269 million Includes Frui t Frost Program
679,000 Susquehanna River Basin Flood System 700,000 Colorado River
Basin Flood System 300,000 Fisheries Promotional Fund 2 million
Technology Administration 4.2 million Information Products and
Services National Technical Information Serv i ce 500,000
Industrial Technology Services 49 million Salaries and Expenses
15.2 million PublicTelecommunications Facilities, Planning and
Construction 21.8 million International Fisheries Commissions 312
mllion Includes National Telecommunications and Inf o rmation
Administration Department of State U.S. Bilateral Science and
Technology Agreements 5 million Soviet-East European Research and
Training 4.6 million Fishermans Guaranty Fund 900,000 9 Related
Agencies Maritime Administration Operating-Differential Subsidies
216 million Operations and Training 69 million Ready Reserve Force:
a million Advisory Comrhission'on Conferences in Ocean Shipping
5OO,OOO Commission on Agricultural Workers 1.45 million Commission
on the Bicentennial of the U.S. Constitution 1 5 million
Competitiveness Policy Council 750,000 Federal Communications
Commission 115 million Federal Maritime Commission 16 million
Federal Trade Commission 74 million Legal Services Corporation 327
million Salaries and Expenses 274 million St. Norbert C o llege 1.5
million University of Montana, School of Forestry 100,000
University of Kentucky, Somerset College 1.5 million West
Philadelphia Economic Development Corp 15 million Assistance
Program 1.2 million Natural Resources Development 15 million
Central Europe Development 1 million Marine Mammal Commission 1.15
million Small Business Administration Grants University of
Massachusetts, Small Business Development Center Technical
APPROPRIATIONS FOR ENERGY AND WATER DEVELOPMENT Total Conference
Agreement 20. 6 billion 1.7 billion over fiscal 1990 Army Corp of
Engineers Magnetic Levitation (Maglev) Transportation Pilot Program
2 mllion Construction Productivity Advancement Research Program 3.5
million General Investigation 220 million 10 General Construction
1. 14 billion Operation and Maintenance 1.45 billion By State:
Alabama lo23 million Alaska S7.9 million Includes $17 million for a
navigation project in Mobile Harbor.
Includes $498,000 for a navigation project in Bethel Small Boat
Harbor and $413,000 for Homer Small Boat Harbor.
Includes $34.3 million for a flood control project in Phoenix.
Includes 22.4 million for a navigation project on the McClellan
-Ken Arkansas River and $9.5 million for locks and dams on the same
Includes 250,000 for a development study of the territories.
Includes 122,000 for beach erosion in Santa Barbara and $4.4
million for a navigation project at Redondo Beach.
Includes 441,OOO for a flood control project at Cherry Creek Lake
(Denver and $2 million for a similiar project at John Martin
Includes 750,000 for a navigation project at North Cove.
Includes 22.4 million for a navigation project on an intercoastal
waterway from Delaware River to Chesapeake Bay.
Includes 585,000 for drift removal on the Potomac and Anacostia
Includes 3.2 million for the removal of aquatic growth and $2
million for a beach erosion project in Sarasota County.
Includes 1.1 million for a study on South Atlantic containerized
cargo traffic and $5.1 million for a navigation project on Savannah
Includes 4.5 million for a navigation project at Maalaea Harbor on
Includes 6.1 million for Dworshak Dam an d Reservoir Arizona 43.2
million Arkansas 104 million American Somoa 256,000 California Z7.2
million Colorado S.9 million Connecticut 3.9 million Delaware 34.5
million District of Columbia 1.1 million Florida 82.3 million
Georgia 74.8 million Hawaii 6.1 m illion Idaho 10.3 million 11
Illinois S232.1 million Indiana 15.6 million Iowa 23.1 million
Includes 104 million for construction of a locks on the Melvin
Includes $lO5,ooO for a study on shoreline erosion and $5.1 million
for a flood control project in Evansville.
Includes 6.4 million for a navigation project on the Missouri
Includes $9 million for a flood contol project in Great Bend.
Includes $41 million for a flood control project on the Ohio River.
Includes $1.5 million for the removal of aquatic growth and $92.6
million for a navigation project on the Red River Waterway.
Includes 14.8 million on beach erosion on the Atlantic Coast and
$294,000 for drift removal in Baltimore Harbor.
Includes $6.4 million for a navigation project on the Cape Cod
Canal and $500,000 for a study of Boston Harbor.
Includes $lS,O00 for ice removal on the Sebewaing River and $3
million for a navigation project on the Detroit River.
Includes 397,000 for a flood control study of St. Paul and $8.5
million for a flood control project in Rochester.
Includes $3 million for flood control of the Sowashee Creek and
$4.4 million for a navigation project on Pascagoula Harbor.
Includes $10.1 million for flood control of the Blue River Channel.
Includes $3.9 million for a project on the Libby Dam.
Includes $1 million for a flood control on the Missouri National
Includes $700,000 for a study of Lower Las Vegas wetlands Kansas:
33 1.5 million Kentucky 72.9 million Louisiana 25 6.3 million
Maryland 33.7 million Massachusetts 38.9 million Michigan 34.9
million Minnesota 70.7 million Mississippi 15.3 million Missouri
71.3 million Montana 8.5 million Nebraska 13.7 million Nevada 311.9
million 12 New Hampshire 78.6 million New Jerse y 78.6 million New
Mexico 8.8 million Includes 1 million for a flood control project
on the Hopkinton Everett Lakes.
Includes 11.4 million for a navigation project on the Delaware
River and $290,090 for a study.of the same river.
Includes $263,000 for a study of the Rio Grande floodway and $2
million for a flood control project of the Acequias Imgation
Includes $200,000 for a study of Montauk Point and $31 million for
a navi gation project on Kill Van Kull and Newark Bay Channel and
$3.3 million for drift removal in New York Harbor.
Includes 5.4 million for a navigation project Wilmington Harbor.
Includes $25.4 million for flood control in the Souris River Basin
and $6.4 million for a project on the Garrison Dam on Lake
Includes $300,000 for a study of the Ohio River and $11.2 million
for flood control of Mill Creek.
Includes $13.6 million for a flood control project on Mingo Creek.
Includes $450,000 for an investigation of the Columbia River Treaty
fishing access sites and $59 million for a navigation projection on
the Bonneville Lock.
Includes 28 million for a navigation project at Point Marion and $2
million for a flood control project on Youghiogheny River Lake.
Includes 900,000 for a study of San Juan Harbor and $18.2 million
for a flood control project on the Portuguese and Bucana Rivers.
Includes 11.4 million for a na\\iigation project in Charleston
Harbor and $3.2 million for the Cooper River.
Includes $8 mil lion for a project on the Oahe Dam New York 77.2
million North Carolina 43.5 million North Dakota 42.8 million Ohio
43 million Oklahoma 57.9 million Oregon 261.8 million Pennsylvania
130.7 million Puerto Rico 22.9 million South Carolina 31.6 million
South Dakota 22.9 million 13 Tennessee 60.9 million Texas 191.9
million Includes $400,000 for a flood control study of Mill Creek
and $11 million for a navigation project on the Tennessee River.
Includes 1.1 million for a study of the Houston Galveston Navigati
on Channels and $1 1 million for a flood control. project on Joe
Pool Lake Other Projects Sam Rayburn Dam and Reservoir 2.6 million
Wright Patman Dam and Lake 1.7 million Utah 9.2 million Vermont 2.7
million Includes $9 million for a flood control project of Little
Includes $900,000 for a flood control project on the Connecticut
Includes $18 million for local flood protection of Richmond and
$4.1 million on a navigation project in Norfolk Harbor.
Includes 5.7 million for flood control around the Mud River
Mountain Dam and $250,000 for a study of the water supply of the
Lake Washington Ship Canal.
Includes 46.3 million for a navigation project on the Gallipolis
Locks and Dam.
Includes $807,000 for Green Bay Dike disposal and $63 million on a
flood control project of State Road and Ebner Coulees.
Includes 450,000 for a study of Jackson Hole Virginia 53.0 million
Washington 1253. million West Virginia 3155.1 million Wisconsin
26.3 million Wyoming 1.2 million Appropriations for the Bureau of
Reclamation General Investigations: Total 13.22 million.
Includes Arizona 75,000 Kansas 240,000 Black Hills Hydrology Study
100,000 Various 13.2 million For Upper San Pedro River Optimization
For Arkansas River Water Management Improvement Study.
South Dakota Includes For environmental and interagency
coordination activities 2.7 million 14 For Upper Snake River Basin
storage optimization lW,OOO For technical assistance to states 1.4
million Total 310 million Regular Construction 204.5 million Drai n
age and Minor Construction 25.5 million Dams 58.3 million
Rehabilitation and Betterment 6.5 million Science and Technology
13.3 million Colorado River Storage Project Total 172 million
Colorado River Basin Project Total 201.9 million Loan Program 5.7
mill i on Construction Program Total 642.9 million. Construction
and Rehabiliation and Colorado River Basin Salinity Projects
Includes Department of Energy Energy Supply, Research and
Development Activities $2.52 billion. Includes $89.8 million for
Advanced Tech nology Center, Indiana State University.
Center for Energy Resoureces Management, University of New Orleans.
Biomedical Research Facility, University of Alabama.
Biomedical Research Facility, Case Western Reserve University.
Energy Science Research Facility, Boston University.
Center for Nuclear Medicine Research, West Virginia University.
Gazes Cardiac Research Institute, Medical University of South
Biomedical Research Institute, Louisiana State University.
Neurosensory Research Center Fort Hayes State University.
Therapy and $7.5 million will be available only to the Power Burst
Facility, both at the Idaho National Engineering Lab Of the $89.8
million 5.5 million will be avaliable only to Boron Neutron Capture
Solar and Renewable Energy 2 00 million Includes A power project
using monolithic amorphous silicon-photovoltaic modules 2 million A
study of the short rotation of woody crops 1.5 million Nuclear
Energy Research and Development 305 million Safety and Health lo4
million Magnetic Fusio n 275.3 million Uranium Supply and
Enrichment Activities 13 billion Includes 7 million to study the
safety of Civilian reactors in the Soviet Union.
Includes $7 million to study air pollution in Mexico City 15
GeneralScience 1.1 billion High Energy Physics 621 million Nuclear
Physics 330 million Superconducting Super Collider 242 million
Nuclear Waste Disposal Fund 242.8 million For oversight of programs
in Nevada 4.1 millon For research and development by the University
of Nevada 4.1 million Atomic Energy Defense Activities 10.9 billion
To upgrade the OMEGA laser at the University of Rochester 8.5
million To upgrade the NOVA laser at Lawrence Livermore National
Lab 10 million For Marshall Islands radiological activities 4.9
million Bonneville Power Adminst r ation 326.9 million Includes
Includes Includes Includes 136.6 million for Third Alternating
Current Intertie APPROPRIATIONS FOR THE DEPARTMENTS OF LABOR,
HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, EDUCATION AND RELATED AGENCIES Total
Conference Agreement 153.2 billion 17 billion over fiscal 1990
Department of Labor Employment and Training Administration 71.48
million National Commission for Employment Policy 1.9 million
National Occupational Information Coordinating Committee 4.25
million Job Corps capital costs 68.9 mill i on Hawaii, native
health care 3.5 million Kamaehameha Schools/Bishop Estate
scholarship program 750,000 Papa Ola Lokahi, administrative costs
400,000 Centers for Disease Control 1.3 billion Chronic Fatigue
Syndrome 2 million occupational safety and health laboratory 25
million Department of Health and Human Services Health Resources
and Services Addnistmtion Hawaii, native health centers 2.35
million Includes: National Institute for Occupational Safety and
Health, construction of an 16 National Institutes o f Health Total
Expenditures 8.5 billion Includes: National Cancer Institute 1.7
billion Proton Beam Therapy Program 7 million National Heart, Lung;
and Blood Institute 1.2 billion National Institute of Dental
Research 153.3 million National Institute of D i abetes and
Digestive and Kidney Diseases 632.3 million National Institute of
Neurological Disorders and Stroke 556.8 million National Institute
of Allergy and Infectious Diseases 933.2 million National Institute
of General Medical Sciences 779.3 million N a tional Institute of
Child Health and Human Development 492.7 million National Eye
Institute 260.2 million National Institute of Environmental Health
Sciences 249.1 million National Institute on Aging 332.7 million
National Institute of Arthritis and Muscu l oskeletal and Skin
Diseases 198.4 million National Institute on Deafness and Other
Communication Disorders 138.5 million National Center for Research
Resources 343.8 million National Center for Nursing Research 40.8
million National Center for Human Genom e Research 89.7 million
John E. Fogarty International Center 18.1 million National Library
of Medicine 94.4 million Office of the Director 100.6 million
Health Care Policy and Research 98.9 million Agency for Health Care
Policy and Research Family Support Administration Low Income Home
Energy Assistance 1.45 billion.
Refugee and Entrant Assistance 420.7 million Community Services
Block Grant 438.3 million Program Administration 86.5 million Head
Start 2.5 million Child Care and Development Block Grant Act o f
1990 750 million Payment to States for Foster Care and Adoption
Assistance To demonstrate the effectiveness of training Head Start
teachers through interactive education via satellite technology 2.6
billion 17 Department of .Education Compensatory Educa t ion for
the Disadvantaged 6.2 billion Basic State grants 5.1 billion
Concentration grants 569.5 million Migrant education activities
301.8 million Merit Schools program: up to lW million Impact Aid
740 million School Improvement Programs 72 million Native Hawaiian
education programs 6.5 million National Writing Project 2 million
Bilingual and Immigrant Education 202.9 million Education for the
Handicapped 2.5 billion Student Financial Assistance 6.9 billion
Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Educati o n 15 million
Special Endowment Grants 17.9 million Margaret Chase Smith Center l
nullion Warren Magnuson Institute 3 million Center for Clinical Law
55 million John McCormack Institute 3 million Taft Institute
750,000 Robert C. Byrd scholarship program 9. 5 million Howard
University 200 million College Housing and Academic Facilities
Loans 30 million Education Research, Statistics, and Improvement
133.4 million Education Research 62 million Rural Initiative 8.9
million School Year Extension Study Commission 1 million National
Council on Educational Goals 2 million National Board for
Professional Teaching Standards 5 million Libraries 146.4 million
Creation of a new Office of Corrections Education 125,000 Includes
Higher Education Departmental Management, Pro g ram Administration
18 Related Agencies Action, operating expenses 196 million
Corporation for Public Broadcasting 326.5 million Joint Study
Commission on Postsecondary Institutional Recognition: l million
National Commission on Children 1.1 million Nation a l Labor
Relations Board: lSl million Prospective Payment Assessment
Commission Salaries and Expenses 3.9 million Soldiers and Airmens
Home 53 million White House Conference on Library and Information
Sexvices 500,000 APPROPRIATIONS FOR MILITARY CONSTRUCII ON FOR THE
DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Total Conference Agreement 8.4 billion.
Installation and Projects By State Alabama 86.3 million Alaska 158
million Includes $14.4 million for Physical Sciences Research
Center and $3.11 million for three new Army National Guard
Includes $8.3 million for a new elementary school 866,000 for a new
Army National Guard training site latrine, and $550,000 for two new
Army National Guard Armories.
Includes 3.7 million for a Navy aviation supply warehouse and $1.2
million for an Air National Guard fire station.
Includes $6.9 million for a new Army National Guard dormitory and
$5.3 million for an Air Force personnel processing center.
Includes $11.7 million for a Naval Ocean Systems combined research
laboratory 9.1 million for new Army National Guard barracks, and
$4.5 million for a child development center.
Includes 4.5 million for a new Air Force base child develpoment
center and $1.8 million for a new Air National Guard fire station
Arizona 27.4 million Arkansas 22.4 million California 334.2 million
Colorado: i 62.3 million 19 Connecticut 46.2 million Includes 5
million for a Navy bachelor officer quarters modernization and 18.9
million for a new Naval operational training facility.
Includes 9.8 million for a Naval research laboratory electro-optics
research laboratory and 4.0 million for a.new magnetic resonance
Includes 63 million for wastewater system improvements and $32
million for an Air Force physical fitness center.
Includes 7.2 million for a Navy bachelor enlisted quarters 3
million for an Army recreation center, $1.6 million for a child
development center, and 7.9 million to replace an elementary
Includes $6.1 million for a new Air Force dormitory and $9.7
million for an Army continuing education center, and $77O,OOO for a
child development center.
Includes $7.2 million for an Army Reserve center and $1.4 million
for an Air Force squadron facility.
Includes $2.2 million for an Air Force child development center and
$2.2 million for a Navy fireman apprentice training school.
Includes $4.3 million for an Army learning research center and $2
million for an Air Force child development center.
Includes $10 million for an Army Reserve armory and garage and $1.8
million for an Air National Guard hanger upgrade.
Includes $9.1 million for an Air Force dormitory and $34 million
for an Army instruction building.
Includes $3.9 million for an Air Force Reserve airport apron and
taxiway and 5.6 million for a Navy Phalanx modernization shop.
Includes $3.6 million for an Army National Guard armory and $22
million for an Army maintenance complex.
Includes $1.8 million for an Navy Reserve training building and $3
million.for an Army National Guard Armory District of Columbia 13.8
million Florida 119.7 million Georgia 159.4 million Hawaii 7 1.5
million Idaho 8.6 million Illinois 35.8 million Indiana 30.9
million Iowa 21 .6 million Kansas 63.3 million Kentucky 37.3
million Louisiana 53.8 million Maine 46.5 million Maryland 186.2
million Includes 3.9 million for an Air Force child development
center and $800,000 for animal rooms.
Includes 3.8 million for an electromagnetic technology research
Includes 960,000 for an Air Force child development center and $2.6
million for an Army Reserve armory Includes $3.7 million for an Air
National Guard dinning hall and medical training building and 1.9
million for an Army National Guard armory.
Includes 2.7 million for upgrading Air force bachelor officer
quarters and 1 million for an Army National Guard armory Includes
$3.6 million for an Air Force physical fitness center 8.8 million
for and Army physical fitness center, and $750 ,000 for a child
Includes 2.6 million for an Air Force physical fitness center and
$800,000 for and Air Force Reserve engineering building.
Includes 3.4 million for an Air National Guard dinning hall and $52
million for an Air Force maintenance hangar.
Includes 4.9 million to alter Air Force dormitories and $400,000 to
change the entry of an Air National Guard complex.
Includes 2.7 million to alter an Air Force dormitory and $3.4
million to build an Air National Guard armory.
Includes 8.8 million for a washing facility and $1.2 million for a
cold storage building.
North Carolina 127.6 million Includes 1.8 million for an Army map
depot and $1.8 to extend an Air Na tional Guard runway.
Includes 3.6 million for an Air Force child development center and
$4.2 million for an Air Force transportation complex Massachusetts
7.5 million Michigan 11.2 million Minnesota 21.2 million
Mississippi 30.8 million Missouri 88.7 million Nebraska 3.4 mill i
on Nevada: i 78.1 million New Jersey 28.9 million New Mexico 101.3
million New York 31.3 million North Dakota 29.2 million 21 Ohio
48.8 million Includes 5.6 million for Army National Guard land
purchases and $3.1 million for an Air National Guard dining h all
and medical training building.
Includes 13.2 million for Army National Guard land purchases and
$22 million to modernize an Army sewage treatment plant.
Includes 1.5 million for an Army armory and $4 million for an
Includes 3.9 million to tear down a building 3 million for an Army
National Guard armory, and 1.2 million for a child development
Includes 1.2 million for a Navy child development center and $6.2
million for a steam distribution system upgrade.
Includes 3.4 million for a Navy clothing issue building and
$500,000 for an Air Force parachute drying tower.
Includes 13.1 million to upgrade an Air Force electrical system and
$1 million for an Army National Guard armory.
Includes $1 1.9 million for a general purpose warehouse and $4.5
million for four new Army National Guard armories.
Includes $lOO,OOO to seal manholes for the Army and $7.1 million
for an Army physical fitness center.
Includes $4.1 million for an Army National Guard armory and $3.4
million for an Air National Guard dining hall and medical building.
Includes $2.5 million for a Navy Reserve center and $500,000 to add
to an Air National Guard hangar.
Includes $2.2 million for an Army child development center 4
million for a Navy fuel line, and $520,000 for a food service
Includes $20 million for Navy land purchases and $1.1 million for a
fire house Oklahoma 120 million Oregon 7.8 million Pennsylvania
106.3 million Rhode Island 21 million South Carolina 67.9 million
South Dakota 14.1 million Tennessee 49.4 million Texas 294.5
million Utah 104.1 million Vermont 4.7 million Virginia 25 1
million Washington 169 million 22 West Virginia 26.7 million
Wisconsin S47.4 million Includes $1.8 million for Army Reserve land
purchases and $2.9 mi llion for an Army National Guard armory.
Includes $5 million for an Army wash facility and $7.4 million for
an Army National Guard armory.
Includes $2.9 mil lion for Army National Guard airfield
improvements and $1.7 million for a defense agency storage facility
Wyoming S10.3 million APPROPRIATIONS FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF
TRANSPORTATION AND RELATED AGENCIES Total Conference Agreement
30.88 billion 2.8 billion o ver fiscal 1990.
Coast Guard Recreational Boating Census 50,000 Research and
Development Z million An increase of $5 million over fiscal 1990,
including $6 million for administration and $1 million for the
Columbia and Willamette Rivers Maritime Fire and S afety
Collect Data on Propeller Injuries 150,000 Federal Aviation
Administration Wichita State University 1.5 million Rutgers
University 1.3 million Aviation Security 10.4 million Research
Grants-In-Aid for 59 Airports 1.8 billion 375 million over fiscal
1990 Includes the following airports (as outlined in the House
Appropriations Bill John Wayne CA 3.25 million New Denver
International, CO 25 million Orlando International FL 10.5 million
Indianapolis International IN 4 million Greater Cincin n ati
International OH 7.2 million Kansas City International, MO 6.7
million McCarran International NV 6.5 million Nashville
Metropolitan,TN 5.9 million New Austin 13.5 million 23 Dallas/Fort
Worth Internationa1,TX 12.5 million Henry CountyBaer Creek, GA 1. 6
million Flacon Field, GA 2.1 million DuPage County, E 9 million
Stewart International, NY 2.8 million Greater Pittsburg
International, PA 7 million Highway Research, Development and
Technology 24.6 million University Transportation Centers 5 million
Inte l ligent Vehicle/Highway Stystems 20 million National Highway
Institute 1.4 million Rural Technology Assistance Program 3.4
million Trucking Programs 900,000 National Bicycling and Walking
Study 1 million Methanol Plantship Project (for phase two 1.75
milli o n Railroad-Highway Crossings Demonstration Projects 14.5
million Augusta, GA 1.6 million Springfield, IL 3.7 million
Lafayette, IN 2.2 million Lincoln, NE 3.0 million Brownsville,
TX/Matamoros, Mexico 2.10 million Right-of-way Revolving Fund 42.5
million Includes $5.4 million for Route 31 project in New Jersey
and $4 million for Carson City, Nevada.
Motor Carrier Safety Grants 61.5 million Baltimore-Washington
Parkway 8.4 million Highway Safety and Economic Development
Demonstration Projects 17 million Hig hway Safety Improvement
Demonstration Project 7.6 million Highway-Railroad Grade Crossing
Safety Demonstration Project 6.8 million Highway Widening
Demonstration Project 1.7 million Turquoise Trail Project 4.7
million Trade Enhancement Demonstration Proje ct 10.6 million
Alabama, Jasper: Alabama Highway Bypass Demonstration Project 8.5
million Federal Highway Administration the House bill originally
appropriated $12 million).
Distributed in the following manner California, El Segundo:
Intersection Safety De monstration Project Extension of Douglas
Street 3.06 million 24 Florida Campbellton: Highway Capacity
Improvement Demonstration Project Indiana, Peru: Indiana Industrial
Corridor Safety Demonstration Project 1.7million 2.55 million
Coming Bypass Safety De m onstration Project 17 million Ottumwa
Road Extension Project 8.5 million Iowa Connector Project 1.5
million Paintsville: Highway Widening and Improvement Demonstration
Project 3.4 million Owensboro: Kentucky Bridge Demonstration
Project 3.4 million Transp o rtation 9.35million Detroit: Urban
Airport Access Safety Demonstration Project 9.35 million Iowa:
Kentucky Michigan Macomb County: Urban Highway Corridor and Bicycle
Minnesota, Minneapolis: Intermodal Urban Demonstration Project 8.5
million Tioga County: C limbing Lane and Highway Safety
Demonstration Project 10.2 million 17 million Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania Reconstruction Demonstration Project PennsylvaniaToll
Road Demonstration Project 5.1 million Virginia HOV Safety
Demonstration Project (Washington, DC, suburbs 7.2 million For
construction 71 million For preliminary engineering 48 million
Arkansas, Fayetteville: Construction on Highway 71 8.S million
Georgia, Augusta: For the Olive Road crossing 1.7 million Iowa,
Waterloo: For improvements on FiftWSixth Street 3.4 million.
Massachusetts, Pittsfield: For the Center Street extension 3.36
million Center access road 1.3 million Other Highway Demonstration
Projects Examples Oklahoma, Ada: For the Pontotoc County Rural
Industrialization and Skill Pennsylvania: For the Pennsylvania
industrial park access (Donora-Monessen Washington: For the
Interstate 5 HOV lanes from Seattle to Dupont, WA S3.4 million
Bridge 1.3 million Biomechanics Research 3 million 25 National
Advanced Driving Simulator 1.8 million Dade Coun t y Trauma System
Support 250,000 New Jersey Trauma Research 2.7 million Local Rail
Service Assistance lo mllion Railroad Safety 34 million Railroad
Research and Development 22 million Maglevmigh Speed Rail 3.8
million Long Island Railroad Intermodal Projec t I million Grade
Crossing R&D 700,000 Northeast Corridor Improvement Program I79
million Amtrak Operating Support 343 million Amtrak Capital
Improvements 132 million Conrail Commuter Transition Assistance 5
mllion Federal Railroad Administration Includes U rban Mass
Transportation Administration (UMTA) Grants: Bus facilities 220
million Existing Rail Modernization and Extensions 455 million New
Systems and New Extensions 440 million University Transportation
Centers 5 million Washington Metro 64 million St. Lawrence Seaway
Development Corporation lo nullion Research and Special Programs
Administration 15.8 million Includes Los Angeles, Atlanta, Chicago,
Honolulu, Denver, San Fransisco Related Agencies Interstate
Commerce Commission 43.7 million i 26 APPROPRI A TIONS FOR THE
TREASURY DEPARTMENT U.S. POSTAL SERVICE,THE EXECUTIVE OFFICE OF THE
PRESIDENT CERTAIN INDEPENDENT AGENCIES Total Conference Agreement
20.9 billion 25 billion over fiscal 1990 General Services
Administration New Construction 1.46 billion Exam p les Arizona,
Flagstaff: A grant to Northern Arizona University, Southwest
Forestry Science Complex I 4.5 million California Los Angeles: A
U.S. Geological Survey laboratory building 22 million Colorado,
Denver: A grant to the National Research Center for E nvironmental
Lung Disease 1 million Florida, Miami: A grant to Mt. Sinai Medical
Center 1.7 million Georgia, Athens: A grant to the University of
Georgia, Dean Rusk Center for International and Comparative Law 1
million Idaho, Moscow: A grant to Universit y of Idaho
Environmental Laboratory 5.8million.
Iowa, Ames: A grant to Iowa State University for a Supercomputer
Access Center 2.2 million Mqland, Baltimore: A grant for planning
and design of the Christopher Colum bus Center on Marine Research
and Explora tion 4 million Massachusetts, Boston: For a Federal
Building and U.S. Courthouse 184 million Michigan, Houghton: A
grant to MichiganTechnological University for a center for applied
metallurgical, minerals, and materials research 1.7 million
Minnesota, Mi n neapolis: For a Federal Building and U.S.
Courthouse 68 million Nevada, Carson City: For a Federal
Building-Post Office parking lot 50,000 New Jersey, Camden: For a
Post Office and Courthouse annex 8.9 million New Mexico,
Albuquerque: A grant to Sandia Na t ional Laboratory for research
in environmentally conscious manufacturing 3 million New York,
White Plains: For a Courthouse 26 million Virginia, Alexandria: For
a U.S. Courthouse 58 million Nebraska, Omaha: A grant to Creighton
University, Criss Research B uilding 2 million a Texas, El Paso: A
grant to the University of Texas 1.7 million West Virginia,
Charleston: For a Federal Building 80 million 27 APPROPRIATIONS FOR
THE DEPARTMENTS OF VETERANS AFFAIRS HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT,
AND RELATED AGENCIES T o tal Conference Agreement 78.1. billion
11.7 billion over fiscal 1990 Department of Veterans Affairs Three
New Geriatric Centers 8.4 million Health Professional Scholarship
Program lo million Commission on the Future Structure of Veterans
Health Care 2.8 m i llion Parking Garage Revolving Fund 28 million
Arkansas, University of Arkansas: For a pedestrian bridge 1 million
Florida, Lake City: For a new Nursing Home Unit 8.9 million
Illinois, Chicago: For a new national cemetery 1.5 million
Kentucky, Floyd Count y : For a new Medical Outreach Clinic 5
million national cemetery 25,000 Detroit: For a new VA Hospital 247
million air-conditioning project 8 million NewYork, Albany: For a
new national cemetery 1.45 million Ohio, Cleveland: For a new
national cemetery 1.7 million Oklahoma, Oklahoma City: For site
preparation for a new national Cemetery 250,000 Tennessee, Mountain
Home: For a new laundry and warehouse Project 3.4 million William
Beaumont Army Medical Center 4.8 million Seattleflacoma: For a new
national cem e tery 2.4 million Portland: To complete a pedestrian
bridge 8 million 10 million of this amount to the Ann Arbor, MI,VA
Medical Center Louisiana, Alexandria: For an environmental
assessment forthe expansion of a Michigan: Ann Arbor: For a
clinical, outpati e nt, research, parking, and central
Pennsylvania, Wilkes-Barre: For advanced planning of a
modernization project 800,000 Texas, El Paso: For the contract
documents for a replacement facility at the Washington 28
Department of Housing and Urban Development C alifornia, Tulare: To
buy land for a alcohol treatment center 350,000 North Miami Beach:
For a performing arts center 995,000 STARS) program 500,000
Hawaiian Homeland Infrastructure Development 1.2 million cane mills
1.3 million Illinois, Forest Heights: F or a water system study
30,000 Iowa, Sioux City: For economic redevelopment 2 million
Florida Fort Myers:For the SuccessThrough Academic and Recreational
Support Hawaii To assist in job retention for agricultural workers
at Hamakua coast sugar Louisiana U n iversity of New Orleans: For a
National Center for the Revitalization of Central Cities 500,000
New Orleans: For neighborhood economic improvement 3.15 million
Lynn: To rehabilitate the Old Post Office Building 79S,OOO
Lawrence: For public safety equipmen t 585,000 Michigan f Saginaw:
For park improvements 790,000 Bay City: For Riverwalk, Bigelow
Park, and bridge lighting 769,000 Ohio, Cleveland: For the
KaramuTheater Project 205,000 Barnesboro: For the Barnes Memorial
Park 71,000 Nanticoke: For a regional e quipment center 520,000
Philadelphia: To address ground subsidence [sic] problems IS
million Philadelphia: To New FreedomTheater 1.95 million Windber:
For the Windber Recreation Park 600,000 Tennessee, Clinton: For
infrastructure improvements 700,000 Texa s , Bowie: For housing,
community and economic development activities 950,000 West Valley:
For infrastructure development 500,000 Ogden: For housing
rehabilitation SOO,OOO For revolving loan pilot program 250,000
West Virginia, Fairmont: To refurbish a huma n ities and cultural
center 500,000 Lead Paint Research SOO,OOO Lead Paint Worker
Training Programs 250,000 Massachusetts Pennsylvania Utah 29
Independent Agencies I American Battle Monuments Cummission 15.9
million Commission on National and Community Serv ice 57 million
Consumer Product Safety Commission 37 million Scott A. Hodge Grover
M. Herman Fellow in Federal Bugetary Affairs 30