September 26, 2012
By James Jay Carafano, Ph.D.
Say what you will about the controversial Cairo statement released by the U.S. embassy in Egypt only hours before the tsunami of anti-American protests that swept the Islamic world -- the Long Telegram it was not.
The statement was so bad (to the point of lacking appropriate punctuation at one point) that it produced a rare moment of true bipartisanship -- neither presidential candidate thought much of it. Romney attacked it. Obama withdrew it.
But while the declaration will mostly be remembered for place in the squabbling over the race to the White House -- what was missed was the even more important question -- does Obama’s State Department know how to talk to the world?
If you click on the link to the statement from the US Embassy in Cairo, you get “HTTP 404 Not Found.” That is because the page was pulled from the Embassy’s website. And don’t go looking for it in some future volume of the State Department’s Foreign Relations of the United States, the compilations of key historical documents. This is one statement that Foggy Bottom hopes the world will forget.
It’s understandable that the administration would want to put this page in the past. Nor should we be too unforgiving if the Cairo Embassy panicked and put out an ill-considered statement to try to stem a story that was spinning out of control. But it’s a mistake to bury this history too quickly and not reflect about what was fundamentally wrong with what was written.
The State Department’s job is to explain to the world what America is all about, not just express convenient sentiments. The Cairo statement condemned defaming religion. Okay. But, Americans also reject mindless violence against innocents.
Americans believe in legitimate freedom of speech -- no matter how personally offensive. These are all essential elements of what makes the United States an exceptional nation, a country constructed for the purpose of pursing liberty. In failing to articulate who we are the Cairo statement is a perfect example of a perfect public diplomacy failure.
Pick a Value
Problem one is that the statement might not just be an ill-considered knee-jerk response. Some one at the embassy may have thought they were simply following the party line. Last year, the administration pushed through a huge about-face in U.S. policy at the U.N.
After years of opposing a resolution against “religious intolerance” in December, the U.S. played a key role in the passage of U.N. Resolution 16/18. The shortfalls in the resolution perfectly parallel the problems with Cairo statement. While the resolution condemns the “stereotyping, negative profiling and stigmatization of people based on their religion,” the real purpose behind it was to create an “anti- blasphemy” stick that could be used not to protect religion but to clamp down on freedom of expression.
Even before the current wave of violence in the Islamic world, Human Rights First documented more than 50 cases in 15 countries “where the enforcement of blasphemy laws have resulted in death sentences and long prison terms as well as arbitrary detentions, and have sparked assaults, murders, and mob attacks.” http://www.humanrightsfirst.org/wp-content/uploads/Blasphemy_Cases.pdf In backing the resolution, what the U.S. did at the U.N. was the same thing the scribblers at the Cairo embassy did -- cherry pick one set of values over another -- a practice that just creates gaps in the defense of freedom.
The White House practiced selected values again when it asked YouTube to “review” its policy for posting the controversial anti-Islamic film that prompted the Cairo statement. http://abcnews.go.com/blogs/politics/2012/09/white-house-asks-youtube-to-review-anti-muslim-movie/
This high-profile request from the White House, by the way, completely contradicts the State Department’s campaign promoting Internet freedom, where “Secretary Clinton called on the global community to protect freedom of expression, association, and assembly in the online world.” http://www.state.gov/r/pa/prs/ps/2011/02/156623.htm This kind of behavior makes it appear as if the US is just promoting values of convenience.
Advertising Over Advocating
The second problem with how the State Department speaks is that it seems overly fixated on protecting the reputation of the administration rather than protecting U.S. interests. The Cairo statement reads like a desperate attempt to salvage the sentiments of Obama’s famous 2009 Cairo Speech http://www.nytimes.com/2009/06/04/us/politics/04obama.text.html?pagewanted=all&_moc.semityn.www declaring the U.S. no threat to Islam.
This too is not a one-off practice from Foggy Bottom. Earlier this year the State Department started scrapping its authoritative background notes on individual countries and replacing them with fact sheets that like little more than cheerleading for White House policies. The “fact sheet’ on Libya, http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5425.htm for example, is a terse one-page replacement of a detailed 5,000-plus word analysis, that leaves the impression that the U.S. intervention was a foreign policy success with just a little mopping-up required. Purged are all the facts on the threats in the country that led to the bedlam in Benghazi. U.N. Ambassador Susan Rice also seemed to be struggling to get her priorities straight over the weekend, where she adamantly asserted that the attack on embassy staff was not premeditated http://abcnews.go.com/Politics/week-transcript-us-ambassador-united-nations-susan-rice/story?id=17240933. If the attack was “spontaneous,” that takes off the table the notion that the administration might be in any way at fault. But even as Rice continued to peddle that line, Libyan officials confirmed the attack was deliberate http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/middle_east/libyan-official-says-benghazi-attack-was-an-organized-2-part-attack-by-militants-on-americans/2012/09/13/7f1d8426-fdb9-11e1-98c6-ec0a0a93f8eb_story.html. Selfless promotion over selflessly serving the nation’s interests undermines the State Department’s credibility.
The Gang That Couldn’t Speak Straight
The State Department’s third problem is that it is just not very good at this global communications stuff. The timeline of the Cairo Embassy’s reaction, for example, shows how it pathetically tried to tweet its way out of the crisis http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/special/world/cairo-libya-attacks-timeline/, posting and then deleting posts. There is probably some utility in Twitter diplomacy, but managing a full-blown crisis probably isn’t it.
The trouble isn’t only with Twitter. It’s hard to find a public diplomacy program that isn’t problematic. For instance, according to a survey by the White House’s own Office of Personnel Management, the Broadcasting Board of Governors that oversees all U.S. government non-military international broadcasting has one of the lowest employee satisfaction ratings in government http://kimelli.nfshost.com/index.php?id=12172.
What have we learned after a week of global anti-American violence and protests?
It can’t be all George Bush’s fault. When President Obama came to power, he said the problem was the way American engaged with the world. He would do things differently and things would get better. They have not.
In part, the Obama made a bogus promise. The world gets decide what it thinks. It is not just advertising -- if we package it right, they will buy America.
In part, Obama has the wrong message. Rather, than selling what America has to offer. all too often the president makes it sound like the US is in withdrawal and retreat. That just invites aggression.
But in part it is also because we have State Department that looks more and more like a Tower of Babel that cannot effectively speak to the world.
Even if the world was willing to change and Washington changed its policies unless we get our megaphone right -- the U.S. government will remain a confusing voice among the chaos.
First appeared in The National Interest.
James Jay Carafano, Ph.D.
Vice President for the Kathryn and Shelby Cullom Davis Institute for National Security and Foreign Policy, and the E. W. Richardson Fellow
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