The end of the Cold war marked the beginning of a new paradigm in US-Russian relations, which is no longer based on ideological chasm, but on geopolitical rivalry. While the U.S. was willing to embrace Russia in a new partnership, Moscow’s support of Iran’s nuclear weapons program; Syria’s Assad regime; pursuit of a "privileged sphere of interests" in the former Soviet Union and Central Europe, vociferous opposition to NATO missile defense; and internal repression, make such a relationship difficult.
The Southern Caucasus—Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia—is in Russia’s geopolitical crosshairs. Russian President Vladimir Putin, who once called the demise of the Soviet Union “the greatest geopolitical catastrophe of the [20th] century,” is seeking economic and political alliances to restore Russia’s power in what then-President Dmitry Medvedev called its traditional…
On October 25, it will be ten years since a Russian SWAT team arrested oil tycoon Mikhail Khodorkovsky in a Siberian airport. It was a watershed moment for Russia, defining the Putin era as one in which the Russian oligarchs were subjugated to the Kremlin.
Prior to Khodorkovsky’s arrest, the Kremlin had limited itself to deposing media oligarchs. It had, for example,…
In the fall of 2011, Russian President Vladimir Putin proposed forming a Eurasian Union (EAU) with Kazakhstan and Belarus. In November 2011, the presidents of these three countries signed an agreement to launch the Eurasian Union and make it fully operational by 2015.
Stretching from the Polish border to the Pacific, the length of the former Soviet Union, the new Eurasian…
Since Vladimir Putin’s third inauguration as Russian president last May, U.S.–Russian relations have deteriorated sharply. Officials on both sides have moved past the “reset” honeymoon as disagreements over geopolitics and human rights abound.
Spanning two continents and with a veto on the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), Russia is uniquely positioned to play a…
President Barack Obama’s new foreign policy team is facing Senate approval: Senator John Kerry (D–MA) for Secretary of State, former Senator Chuck Hagel (R–NE) for Secretary of Defense, and White House chief counterterrorism advisor John Brennan for director of the CIA.
All three will confront a truculent Russia. However, their past statements and support of the…
Testimony before the
Subcommittee on Europe and Eurasia,
Committee on Foreign Affairs,
House of Representatives
December 5, 2012
Chairman Burton, Members of Congress, Ladies and Gentlemen:
My name is Ariel Cohen. I am the Senior Research Fellow…
Testimony before The Commission for Security and Cooperation in Europe
(Helsinki Commission), U.S. Congress
September 20, 2012
Mr. Chairman, Congressmen, Secretary Melia, Ladies and Gentlemen:
My name is Ariel Cohen. I am Senior Research Fellow, Russian and Eurasian Studies and International Energy Policy at The Heritage Foundation. The…
The State Department’s August 2012 report on Adherence to and Compliance with Arms Control, Nonproliferation, and Disarmament Agreements and Commitments (the so-called Annual Compliance Report) is an exercise in ambiguity which illustrates the difficulties involved in judging other countries’ compliance with multilateral and bilateral treaties related to weapons of mass…
About the Authors
James M. Roberts
is Research Fellow for Economic Freedom and Growth in the Center for International Trade and Economics (CITE ) at The Heritage Foundation.
Ariel Cohen, PhD
, is Senior Research Fellow for Russian and Eurasian Studies and International Energy Policy in the Douglas and Sarah…
Last week, the Russian capital played a great parlor game: who is in and who's out in the Putin presidential administration and Dmitri Medvedev's cabinet. More important for U.S. policy makers is understanding the contradictory nature of the new double-headed government Mr. Putin has created.
By applying the Roman dictum "divide and rule," Putin has enhanced his…
Abstract: The Islamist insurgency in Russia’s Northern Caucasus threatens to turn the region into a haven for international terrorism and to destabilize the entire region, which is a critical hub of oil and gas pipelines located at Europe’s doorstep. Neither Russia’s excessive use of military force nor its massive economic aid to the region appear to have helped. The U.S.…
Russia’s development of the PAK FA fifth-generation stealth fighter could challenge American air supremacy, especially if Russia sells the PAK FA to its usual buyers of military equipment. In the U.S., closure of the F-22 production line has severely limited America’s ability to respond to PAK FA proliferation by building more F-22s and potentially…
Russia's foreign policy assertiveness, funded by revenues from
natural resources, makes many believe that a new energy empire is
on the rise. The country today is ruled by post-Soviet security and
military elites that have internalized the jingoistic values of the
Russian Empire and the Soviet Union. These elites view the outside
world almost exclusively through the…
(Archived document, may contain errors)
THE SOVIET INVAS./ON OF AFGHANISTAN INTRODUCTION On December 27,
1979, under cover cf an ongoing Soviet military buildup,
heavily-armed elements of a Soviet airborne brigade were airlifted
into Kabul, Afghanistan, to violently overthrow the regime of
President Hafizollah Amin. Within hours after the beginning of…
As the Olympic Games opened, the tragic and ominous conflict
between Georgia and Russia erupted as well. On Thursday of last
week, South Ossetian separatists, supported by Moscow, escalated
their machine gun and mortar fire attacks against neighboring
Georgian villages. This past Thursday and Friday, Georgia attacked
the separatist capital Tskhinvali with artillery…
Delivered June 12, 2007
"The heart of Europe is in Ukraine and Europe cannot live without
its heart." These words, spoken by Ukrainian President
Viktor Yushchenko in London in 2005, summarize the relationship
between Ukraine and Europe. Europe and its humanistic
tradition have always been central to Ukrainian
civilization, and Ukraine has been…
Abstract: Even before taking office, President Obama began laying out the tenets of a doctrine that would enable his Administration to remake America as one nation among many, with no singular claim to responsibility or exceptionalism. These tenets include a more humble engagement with the world and more reliance on others, as well as treaties and international…
On May 31, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton will begin her tour of Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Turkey. In Scandinavia, she will address several forums on climate change and green energy. While in Sweden, she will also discuss Internet freedom, Afghanistan, and the Middle East.
But it is in the Caucasus and Turkey that Clinton will…
Abstract: Russia’s accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO) will put U.S. companies at a disadvantage with their global competitors unless Congress first exempts Russia from the application of the Jackson–Vanik Amendment, a tool from the 1970s designed to promote human rights that no longer advances that goal. Russia admittedly suffers from weak rule of law and…
Protection of basic human rights, including the right to own property, is an important issue for those who hold American values close to heart. In Russia, human and property rights violations are undermining the state and preventing investment and business development.
The poor state of the rule of law and pervasive corruption—including the failing court and law…
The brutal dispersal of demonstrators in Ukraine last week led to dozens wounded—and a public protest movement which...…
Recently, several of Russia’s “younger siblings,” such as Ukraine and Moldova, finally got a chance to partially break...…
In a well-reasoned broadside, The Washington Post’s editorial board blasted President Obama’s Russian policy and his...…
The recent NATO summit in Chicago failed to produce a U.S.–Pakistan transit agreement. The agreement sought would have...…
The United States' administration's deference to the Kremlin in resolving Kyrgyzstan's current ethnic cleansing ignores...…
Senior Research Fellow for Russian and Eurasian Studies and International Energy Policy, The Kathryn and Shelby Cullom Davis Institute for International Studies
F.M. Kirby Research Fellow in National Security Policy
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As we approach 2014, the 25th anniversary year of the fall of the Berlin Wall and the 100th anniversary of the start of World War — Read more
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