The end of the Cold war marked the beginning of a new paradigm in US-Russian relations, which is no longer based on ideological chasm, but on geopolitical rivalry. While the U.S. was willing to embrace Russia in a new partnership, Moscow’s support of Iran’s nuclear weapons program; Syria’s Assad regime; pursuit of a "privileged sphere of interests" in the former Soviet Union and Central Europe, vociferous opposition to NATO missile defense; and internal repression, make such a relationship difficult.
Since Vladimir Putin’s third inauguration as Russian president last May, U.S.–Russian relations have deteriorated sharply. Officials on both sides have moved past the “reset” honeymoon as disagreements over geopolitics and human rights abound.
Spanning two continents and with a veto on the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), Russia is uniquely positioned to play a…
President Barack Obama’s new foreign policy team is facing Senate approval: Senator John Kerry (D–MA) for Secretary of State, former Senator Chuck Hagel (R–NE) for Secretary of Defense, and White House chief counterterrorism advisor John Brennan for director of the CIA.
All three will confront a truculent Russia. However, their past statements and support of the…
Testimony before the
Subcommittee on Europe and Eurasia,
Committee on Foreign Affairs,
House of Representatives
December 5, 2012
Chairman Burton, Members of Congress, Ladies and Gentlemen:
My name is Ariel Cohen. I am the Senior Research Fellow…
Testimony before The Commission for Security and Cooperation in Europe
(Helsinki Commission), U.S. Congress
September 20, 2012
Mr. Chairman, Congressmen, Secretary Melia, Ladies and Gentlemen:
My name is Ariel Cohen. I am Senior Research Fellow, Russian and Eurasian Studies and International Energy Policy at The Heritage Foundation. The…
The State Department’s August 2012 report on Adherence to and Compliance with Arms Control, Nonproliferation, and Disarmament Agreements and Commitments (the so-called Annual Compliance Report) is an exercise in ambiguity which illustrates the difficulties involved in judging other countries’ compliance with multilateral and bilateral treaties related to weapons of mass…
About the Authors
James M. Roberts
is Research Fellow for Economic Freedom and Growth in the Center for International Trade and Economics (CITE ) at The Heritage Foundation.
Ariel Cohen, PhD
, is Senior Research Fellow for Russian and Eurasian Studies and International Energy Policy in the Douglas and Sarah…
Last week, the Russian capital played a great parlor game: who is in and who's out in the Putin presidential administration and Dmitri Medvedev's cabinet. More important for U.S. policy makers is understanding the contradictory nature of the new double-headed government Mr. Putin has created.
By applying the Roman dictum "divide and rule," Putin has enhanced his…
On May 31, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton will begin her tour of Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Turkey. In Scandinavia, she will address several forums on climate change and green energy. While in Sweden, she will also discuss Internet freedom, Afghanistan, and the Middle East.
But it is in the Caucasus and Turkey that Clinton will…
Abstract: Russia’s accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO) will put U.S. companies at a disadvantage with their global competitors unless Congress first exempts Russia from the application of the Jackson–Vanik Amendment, a tool from the 1970s designed to promote human rights that no longer advances that goal. Russia admittedly suffers from weak rule of law and…
Abstract: Even before taking office, President Obama began laying out the tenets of a doctrine that would enable his Administration to remake America as one nation among many, with no singular claim to responsibility or exceptionalism. These tenets include a more humble engagement with the world and more reliance on others, as well as treaties and international…
Russia’s development of the PAK FA fifth-generation stealth fighter could challenge American air supremacy, especially if Russia sells the PAK FA to its usual buyers of military equipment. In the U.S., closure of the F-22 production line has severely limited America’s ability to respond to PAK FA proliferation by building more F-22s and potentially…
Abstract: The Islamist insurgency in Russia’s Northern Caucasus threatens to turn the region into a haven for international terrorism and to destabilize the entire region, which is a critical hub of oil and gas pipelines located at Europe’s doorstep. Neither Russia’s excessive use of military force nor its massive economic aid to the region appear to have helped. The U.S.…
(Archived document, may contain errors)
THE SOVIET INVAS./ON OF AFGHANISTAN INTRODUCTION On December 27,
1979, under cover cf an ongoing Soviet military buildup,
heavily-armed elements of a Soviet airborne brigade were airlifted
into Kabul, Afghanistan, to violently overthrow the regime of
President Hafizollah Amin. Within hours after the beginning of…
Russia's foreign policy assertiveness, funded by revenues from
natural resources, makes many believe that a new energy empire is
on the rise. The country today is ruled by post-Soviet security and
military elites that have internalized the jingoistic values of the
Russian Empire and the Soviet Union. These elites view the outside
world almost exclusively through the…
The challenges of
creating a modern democracy after more than two centuries of
foreign domination have made the Kazakh experience a valuable one
to be shared with other nations. Today, Kazakhstan has one of the
world's fastest developing economies with multibillion-dollar
foreign investment and a vibrant growing democracy and is walking
on the world stage as a full…
Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin, who passed away on April 23 at the
age of 76, was a controversial ruler to whom the Russian people owe
a debt of gratitude. U.S. leaders worked closely with Yeltsin to
keep Russia on track during the hardest days of the post-communist
collapse, to prevent the former Soviet Union from becoming a
Yugoslavia-style bloodbath, and to keep over…
The foreign policies of India and Pakistan are driven increasingly by energy security. To sustain their booming economies and growing populations amid tight oil and gas markets, Indian and Pakistani policymakers are turning to energy deals with unsavory regimes, such as Iran's. At the same time, energy-producing states including Iran and Russia are attempting to tap new…
As Russia slowly
begins to withdraw its troops from Georgia, attention now moves to
the question of Russia's future presence in Georgia and in the
secessionist Georgian territories of South Ossetia and Abkhazia.
Russia rejected a French-drafted U.N. Security Council (UNSC)
resolution calling on Moscow to return to its pre-war position of
August 6. Russia followed…
When Venezuela's President Hugo Chávez touches down in
Moscow on July 22 to meet with the duumvirate of Prime Minister
Vladimir Putin and President Dmitry Medvedev, he will be ready for
more than the usual diplomatic photo-op. This odd trio will be
well-positioned to plan substantial international mischief.
A Russian-Venezuelan axis is a 21st-century throwback to…
Protection of basic human rights, including the right to own property, is an important issue for those who hold American values close to heart. In Russia, human and property rights violations are undermining the state and preventing investment and business development.
The poor state of the rule of law and pervasive corruption—including the failing court and law…
Abstract: Russia is pursuing a Middle Eastern policy that is designed to reduce U.S. and Western influence in the Middle East, even at the risk of Islamist terrorism, which is a growing problem in Russia. It views the recent upheavals in the Middle East and North Africa as an American conspiracy to undermine Russia and friendly regimes in the region. Russia’s Soviet…
Vladimir Putin’s victory in Russia’s presidential election was marred with fraud, but nevertheless he appears to have a mandate from the Russian voters to rule for another six-year term. If re-elected in 2018, he may rule until 2024.
Regardless of the outcome of the November U.S. elections, a clear Russia policy is necessary, and it should not be the ill-fated…
The recent NATO summit in Chicago failed to produce a U.S.–Pakistan transit agreement. The agreement sought would have...…
The United States' administration's deference to the Kremlin in resolving Kyrgyzstan's current ethnic cleansing ignores...…
Senior Research Fellow for Russian and Eurasian Studies and International Energy Policy, The Kathryn and Shelby Cullom Davis Institute for International Studies
F.M. Kirby Research Fellow in National Security Policy
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