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  • Issue Brief posted September 14, 2012 by James Phillips U.S. Aid to Egypt and Libya: Tight Strings Needed

    The Obama Administration is finalizing an aid package to Egypt that includes forgiving approximately $1 billion of Egypt’s debt to the United States. This is in addition to about $1.5 billion in annual U.S. foreign aid. However, the lax reaction of Egypt’s new Islamist government to the violent demonstrations at the U.S. embassy in Cairo has raised questions about the…

  • WebMemo posted May 3, 2007 by Ariel Cohen, Ph.D. Israel's Coming Political Earthquake

    This past Sunday, a commission led by retired Tel Aviv District Court judge Eliyahu Winograd released its much anticipated interim report on Israel's conduct of the war with Hezbollah in Lebanon last summer. The commission declared that Prime Minister Ehud Olmert had failed to lead the wartime decision-making process. It also diagnosed the main disease of the…

  • Backgrounder posted December 27, 1984 by Edwin J. Jr. A Plan for Rescuing Starving Ethiopians

    (Archived document, may contain errors) 400 December 27, 1984 A PLAN FOR RESCUING STARVING ETHIOPIANS INTRODUCTION Americans are horrified by televised pictures of starving Ethiopians. Confronted w ith a human catastrophe of such magnitude, Americans are naturally and admirably eager to offer aid. Clearly, some- thing must be done--perhaps a gigantic…

  • WebMemo posted October 18, 2007 by Ariel Cohen, Ph.D., Owen Graham, Garrett Murch Armenian Genocide Resolution Bad for U.S. Middle East Policy

    On October 10, the House Foreign Affairs Committee voted 27-21 to approve a non-binding resolution stating that the death of 1.5 million Armenians in the former Ottoman Empire constituted genocide. The resolution (H. Res. 106: Affirmation of the United States Record on the Armenian Genocide Resolution), has 214 co-sponsors, the majority of them Democrats. House…

  • Backgrounder posted October 1, 2003 by Ariel Cohen, Ph.D. Restarting the Flow: Restoring Iraqi Oil Production

    The Iraqi people desperately need to have their oil flowing again to the global market. Restarting the flow of Iraqi oil would be a win-win proposition, as not only the Iraqis, but also consumers around the world would benefit from bringing the Iraqi oil supply back on line. The main impediment to increasing Iraqi oil production at this point is lack of…

  • Issue Brief posted January 14, 2014 by Nile Gardiner, Ph.D., Theodore R. Bromund, Ph.D., James Phillips Top Five Foreign Policy Priorities for 2014

    The United States faces mounting challenges abroad in 2014. With weak leadership from the White House over the past five years, the U.S. has been confronted and all too often sidelined by America’s adversaries and strategic competitors. The Obama Administration’s “leading from behind” strategy has been a spectacular failure that has led to confusion among traditional U.S.…

  • Backgrounder posted July 26, 2010 by Sally McNamara, Ariel Cohen, Ph.D., James Phillips Countering Turkey’s Strategic Drift

    Abstract: For decades, Turkey and the United States cooperated in the Mediterranean, the Persian Gulf, Central Asia, and even Korea. However, Turkish and U.S. interests in the Balkans, Central Asia, the Caucasus, the Middle East, and the Persian Gulf have recently diverged. On its current trajectory, Turkey’s traditional strategic relationship with the West could devolve…

  • Backgrounder posted February 8, 1991 by Baker Spring Congress Bickered Over Weapons Now Proving Themselves in the Gulf

    INTRODUCTION The early days of the war against Iraq confirm that high- technology weapons are America's trump card against Saddam Hussein. America's top-of-the-line warplanes and missiles have destroyed much of Iraq's air, industrial, nuclear, and chemical military power, and they have given allied forces air supremacy over the 700-strong Iraqi air force. Now…

  • Backgrounder posted November 5, 1992 by Joel C. Why Economic Growth Is Critical to Arab-Israeli Peace

    (Archived document, may contain errors) November 5,1992 INTRODI WHY ECONOMIC GROWTH IS. CRITICAL XION Lastin g peace and stability in the ~iddle East nquin that ~rabs and ~sraelis have's stake in a prosperous, ccondcally interdependent region. For this mson the atten tion focused on camomics by the multilatffal Economic Development W-g Group EDWG) meeting in…

  • Backgrounder posted February 27, 1978 by Samuel T. War in the Horn of Africa

    (Archived document, may contain errors) 52 February 27, 1978 WAR IN THE HORN OF AFRICA THE ISSUE On July 23, 1977, the forces of the Somali Democratic Republic invaded the desert region of the Ogaden within the borders of Ethiopia. This invasion was based on long-standing Somali claims to the Ogaden made militarily possible by heavy Somali reljance on Soviet…

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Find more work on Middle East