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Europe

Our Research & Offerings on Europe
  • Issue Brief posted March 21, 2014 by Luke Coffey Ukraine, NATO, Trade, and Afghanistan Should Dominate Obama’s Visit to Europe

    On March 24–27, President Barack Obama will make his first trip to Europe in 2014. He will visit Belgium, the Netherlands, Italy, and Vatican City. He will also attend the U.S.–European Union Summit in Brussels. This trip will provide an opportunity for the President to demonstrate America’s commitment to transatlantic relations. The President needs to get the…

  • Issue Brief posted March 6, 2014 by Daniel Kochis Lift Restrictions on Natural Gas Exports to NATO Allies in the Baltics

    The United States has been experiencing a boom in energy production in recent years, most notably natural gas production. This energy boom should allow for a strong export market for American liquefied natural gas (LNG) to hungry markets abroad. However, legal and regulatory hurdles make it unnecessarily difficult for American companies to export LNG to many countries…

  • Backgrounder posted February 18, 2014 by Michaela Dodge U.S. Nuclear Weapons in Europe: Critical for Transatlantic Security

    Since the end of the Cold War, the U.S. nuclear weapons posture has undergone a dramatic change. The U.S. has withdrawn about 90 percent of its forward-deployed nuclear weapons from Europe. In 2012, the Obama Administration initiated the Life Extension Program (LEP) for the B61 tactical nuclear weapon, which is the last nuclear weapon the U.S. keeps in Europe and the only…

  • Backgrounder posted February 13, 2014 by Luke Coffey Self-Determination and National Security: Why the U.S. Should Back British Sovereignty over Gibraltar

    The more than three-centuries-long dispute between Spain and the United Kingdom over the status of Gibraltar has been heating up again. The United States has interests at stake in the dispute. The U.S. benefits from its close relationship with Gibraltar as a British Overseas Territory in a way that would not be possible if Gibraltar was under the control of Spain. The…

  • Issue Brief posted February 13, 2014 by Luke Coffey U.S.–Baltic Military Cooperation in the Persian Gulf

    The three Baltic states—Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania—have contributed greatly to overseas military operations, especially Afghanistan, in recent years. Although they are small in size, the Baltic states demonstrate a willingness to contribute to NATO and the political will to deploy their militaries in a way notably absent across most of Europe. A major concern of the…

  • Commentary posted December 19, 2013 by Daniel Kochis The Future Will Be Much Brighter If NATO and the U.S. Face It Together

    Since the signing of the North Atlantic Treaty in 1949, the trans-Atlantic community of free nations has formed the bedrock of world security. Almost sixty five years later, NATO is and will remain the irreplaceable vehicle by which the nation states that comprise the alliance will remain protected from external aggression, best able to cope with a new pandemic of threats…

  • Issue Brief posted December 5, 2013 by Theodore R. Bromund, Ph.D., Rea S. Hederman, Jr., Bryan Riley, Luke Coffey Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP): Pitfalls and Promises

    The United States and the European Union (EU) have begun the negotiation of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP), which could greatly reduce or eliminate both tariff and non-tariff barriers to trade between the U.S. and the EU, a trade relationship that accounts for about 30 percent of world trade. The promotion of economic freedom is a vital part of…

  • Issue Brief posted November 1, 2013 by Luke Coffey, Daniel Kochis Steadfast Jazz 2013: U.S. Lackluster Contribution Undermines U.S. Interests in Eastern Europe

    On November 2–9, NATO will conduct a military training exercise called Steadfast Jazz. The exercise will be held in Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Poland. According to NATO, the primary purpose of the exercise is to train and certify the NATO Response Force. Many NATO partners view Steadfast Jazz as one of the most important NATO training events in recent memory. It is…

  • Backgrounder posted October 25, 2013 by Luke Coffey The Baltic States: Why the United States Must Strengthen Security Cooperation

    The three Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania have proven to be staunch American allies since they regained their independence in the early 1990s. Since the fall of the Soviet Union, each has made huge progress in implementing democracy, rule of law, economic freedom, and developing a strong national defense. They accomplished this by aligning themselves with…

  • Issue Brief posted August 28, 2013 by Luke Coffey Priorities for President Obama’s Visit to Sweden

    President Barack Obama will visit Sweden on September 4 en route to the G20 summit in St. Petersburg, Russia. The timing of this visit is important. The decision to visit Sweden was announced after the White House cancelled the U.S.–Russia summit, scheduled for September, due to a lack of progress in the U.S.–Russia bilateral relationship. Also, like his meeting at the…

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  • Backgrounder posted February 18, 2014 by Michaela Dodge U.S. Nuclear Weapons in Europe: Critical for Transatlantic Security

    Since the end of the Cold War, the U.S. nuclear weapons posture has undergone a dramatic change. The U.S. has withdrawn about 90 percent of its forward-deployed nuclear weapons from Europe. In 2012, the Obama Administration initiated the Life Extension Program (LEP) for the B61 tactical nuclear weapon, which is the last nuclear weapon the U.S. keeps in Europe and the only…

  • Backgrounder posted June 23, 2006 by Sean Dorgan How Ireland Became the Celtic Tiger

    In just over a generation, Ireland has evolved from one of the poorest countries in Western Europe to one of the most successful. It has reversed the persistent emigration of its best and brightest and achieved an enviable reputation as a thriving, knowledge-driven economy. As a result of sustained efforts over many years, the past of declining population,…

  • Special Report posted July 11, 2012 by Luke Coffey Keeping America Safe: Why U.S. Bases in Europe Remain Vital

    Executive Summary As part of a policy that is shrinking America’s military presence in the world, the Obama Administration’s recent defense cuts heavily impact the U.S. military footprint in Europe. These cuts are sending the wrong signal on America’s commitment to transatlantic security and will embolden U.S. adversaries in the Euro–Atlantic region. Most…

  • Lecture posted September 28, 2007 by Ariel Cohen, Ph.D. Ukraine's Economic Benefits from Integration into the Euro-Atlantic Community

    Delivered June 12, 2007 "The heart of Europe is in Ukraine and Europe cannot live without its heart."[1] These words, spoken by Ukrainian President Viktor Yushchenko in London in 2005, summarize the relationship between Ukraine and Europe. Europe and its humanistic tra­dition have always been central to Ukrainian civiliza­tion, and Ukraine has been…

  • WebMemo posted January 6, 2006 by Nile Gardiner, Ph.D., John Hulsman The Bush/Merkel White House Meeting: Recommendations for the Bush Administration

    President George W. Bush will meet with Germany's new Chancellor Angela Merkel at the White House on January 13. The summit will be an important opportunity for Washington and Berlin to lay the groundwork for greater cooperation in the war on terror and in confronting the growing threat posed by rogue regimes such as Iran and Syria. The meeting will also pave the…

  • Special Report posted February 22, 2012 by Robin Harris, D. Phil. The U.K. Governing Coalition: The Challenges Ahead and Why America Has a Stake in Britain’s Success

    Abstract: In May 2010, the U.K. general election resulted in a hung Parliament from which emerged a Conservative–Liberal Democrat coalition with Conservative leader David Cameron as Prime Minister. The experiment was widely justified by the evident need to cope with the economic crisis and, in particular, the unsustainable budget deficit inherited from the outgoing Labour…

  • Backgrounder posted October 25, 2013 by Luke Coffey The Baltic States: Why the United States Must Strengthen Security Cooperation

    The three Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania have proven to be staunch American allies since they regained their independence in the early 1990s. Since the fall of the Soviet Union, each has made huge progress in implementing democracy, rule of law, economic freedom, and developing a strong national defense. They accomplished this by aligning themselves with…

  • WebMemo posted September 28, 2009 by Theodore R. Bromund, Ph.D. How Margaret Thatcher Helped to End the Cold War

    When Margaret Thatcher came to power in 1979, many in the West had come to believe that the Cold War could not and should not be won, that anti-Communism was morally wrong, and that the future lay in détente between the superpowers and the evolution of democracy into ever-deepening state socialism. By the time she left office, the Berlin Wall had fallen and Eastern…

  • Backgrounder posted November 18, 2008 by Theodore R. Bromund, Ph.D. British Defense Cuts Threaten the Anglo-American Special Relationship

    Great Britain is a founding member of NATO. It is currently fighting wars in both Iraq and Afghanistan, but is spending less of its gross domestic product (GDP) on its armed forces than at any point since the Great Depression. A failure of political leadership in Britain has allowed defense issues, and the standing of its Ministry of Defense (MoD), to slide to…

  • Backgrounder posted September 16, 2010 by Sally McNamara Russia’s Proposed New European Security Treaty: A Non-Starter for the U.S. and Europe

    Abstract: In several ways, Russia’s proposed new European Security Treaty would undermine European security—the opposite of its stated purpose—not least of all by sharply limiting NATO’s ability to act and to accept new members. Instead of adding to the existing European architecture and treaties, the U.S. and its European allies should work to advance relations with…

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  • Issue Brief posted March 21, 2014 by Luke Coffey Ukraine, NATO, Trade, and Afghanistan Should Dominate Obama’s Visit to Europe

    On March 24–27, President Barack Obama will make his first trip to Europe in 2014. He will visit Belgium, the Netherlands, Italy, and Vatican City. He will also attend the U.S.–European Union Summit in Brussels. This trip will provide an opportunity for the President to demonstrate America’s commitment to transatlantic relations. The President needs to get the…

  • Issue Brief posted March 6, 2014 by Daniel Kochis Lift Restrictions on Natural Gas Exports to NATO Allies in the Baltics

    The United States has been experiencing a boom in energy production in recent years, most notably natural gas production. This energy boom should allow for a strong export market for American liquefied natural gas (LNG) to hungry markets abroad. However, legal and regulatory hurdles make it unnecessarily difficult for American companies to export LNG to many countries…

  • Backgrounder posted February 18, 2014 by Michaela Dodge U.S. Nuclear Weapons in Europe: Critical for Transatlantic Security

    Since the end of the Cold War, the U.S. nuclear weapons posture has undergone a dramatic change. The U.S. has withdrawn about 90 percent of its forward-deployed nuclear weapons from Europe. In 2012, the Obama Administration initiated the Life Extension Program (LEP) for the B61 tactical nuclear weapon, which is the last nuclear weapon the U.S. keeps in Europe and the only…

  • Backgrounder posted February 13, 2014 by Luke Coffey Self-Determination and National Security: Why the U.S. Should Back British Sovereignty over Gibraltar

    The more than three-centuries-long dispute between Spain and the United Kingdom over the status of Gibraltar has been heating up again. The United States has interests at stake in the dispute. The U.S. benefits from its close relationship with Gibraltar as a British Overseas Territory in a way that would not be possible if Gibraltar was under the control of Spain. The…

  • Issue Brief posted February 13, 2014 by Luke Coffey U.S.–Baltic Military Cooperation in the Persian Gulf

    The three Baltic states—Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania—have contributed greatly to overseas military operations, especially Afghanistan, in recent years. Although they are small in size, the Baltic states demonstrate a willingness to contribute to NATO and the political will to deploy their militaries in a way notably absent across most of Europe. A major concern of the…

  • Issue Brief posted December 5, 2013 by Theodore R. Bromund, Ph.D., Rea S. Hederman, Jr., Bryan Riley, Luke Coffey Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP): Pitfalls and Promises

    The United States and the European Union (EU) have begun the negotiation of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP), which could greatly reduce or eliminate both tariff and non-tariff barriers to trade between the U.S. and the EU, a trade relationship that accounts for about 30 percent of world trade. The promotion of economic freedom is a vital part of…

  • Issue Brief posted November 1, 2013 by Luke Coffey, Daniel Kochis Steadfast Jazz 2013: U.S. Lackluster Contribution Undermines U.S. Interests in Eastern Europe

    On November 2–9, NATO will conduct a military training exercise called Steadfast Jazz. The exercise will be held in Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Poland. According to NATO, the primary purpose of the exercise is to train and certify the NATO Response Force. Many NATO partners view Steadfast Jazz as one of the most important NATO training events in recent memory. It is…

  • Backgrounder posted October 25, 2013 by Luke Coffey The Baltic States: Why the United States Must Strengthen Security Cooperation

    The three Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania have proven to be staunch American allies since they regained their independence in the early 1990s. Since the fall of the Soviet Union, each has made huge progress in implementing democracy, rule of law, economic freedom, and developing a strong national defense. They accomplished this by aligning themselves with…

  • Issue Brief posted August 28, 2013 by Luke Coffey Priorities for President Obama’s Visit to Sweden

    President Barack Obama will visit Sweden on September 4 en route to the G20 summit in St. Petersburg, Russia. The timing of this visit is important. The decision to visit Sweden was announced after the White House cancelled the U.S.–Russia summit, scheduled for September, due to a lack of progress in the U.S.–Russia bilateral relationship. Also, like his meeting at the…

  • Issue Brief posted August 6, 2013 by Luke Coffey, Nile Gardiner, Ph.D., Theodore R. Bromund, Ph.D. U.S. Should Condemn Spain’s Bullying Tactics over Gibraltar

    Spain’s recent antagonistic behavior toward Gibraltar, a British Overseas Territory on the Iberian Peninsula, for recently constructing an artificial reef inside the limits of its territorial waters is unbecoming of a NATO ally in 21st-century Europe. Gibraltar has been under the sovereign control of the United Kingdom for 300 years. However, Madrid has recently pursed a…

Find more work on Europe
Find more work on Europe