• Heritage Action
  • Heritage Libertad
  • More

Europe

Our Research & Offerings on Europe
  • Commentary posted June 27, 2014 by Lee Edwards, Ph.D. The Collapse of Communism

    History often seems to move slowly — like sand through an hourglass – until, also like the sand, at the last moment, it suddenly speeds up and runs out. The Berlin Wall had stood, solid and ugly, since 1961 when President Ronald Reagan went to Germany 27 years ago today, and stood there and challenged Mikhail Gorbachev to “tear down this wall!” Just two years later the…

  • Backgrounder posted June 9, 2014 by Salim Furth, Ph.D. Stimulus or Austerity? Fiscal Policy in the Great Recession and European Debt Crisis

    The Great Recession of 2008–2009 and the European debt crisis of 2010–2012 were the greatest interruption in economic growth since the Second World War. A debate has raged since the recession began between economists who believe that government spending is the problem and those who believe it is the solution. Available data show neither a uniform European “age of…

  • Special Report posted June 6, 2014 by Alberto Alesina, Ph.D., Romina Boccia, Ryan Bourne, Salim Furth, Ph.D., David Howden, Ph.D., Filip Jolevski, Miguel Marin, Matthew Melchiorre, Derrick Morgan, Dalibor Rohac, Veronique de Rugy Europe’s Fiscal Crisis Revealed: An In-Depth Analysis of Spending, Austerity, and Growth

    About the Authors Alberto Alesina, PhD, is Nathaniel Ropes Professor of Political Economy at Harvard University. He is also a member of the National Bureau of Economic Research, the Center for Economic Policy Research, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the Econometric Society. Romina Boccia is Grover M. Hermann Fellow in Federal Budgetary Affairs in the…

  • Issue Brief posted June 4, 2014 by Nile Gardiner, Ph.D., Theodore R. Bromund, Ph.D., Luke Coffey President Obama Goes to Europe: Top Five Policy Recommendations

    President Obama’s visit to Europe this week will be an important opportunity for the U.S. President to restate America’s commitment to the transatlantic partnership, strengthen the NATO alliance, and shore up European opposition to Russian aggression against Ukraine. Across the Atlantic, President Obama should also take note of the mounting disillusionment with the…

  • Commentary posted May 21, 2014 by Ariel Cohen, Ph.D. Three Keys to European Energy Independence from Russia

    Vladimir Putin is the father of the most significant energy mix shift in Europe. Ukraine may be the straw that broke the back of the energy camel. As a result, Russia is about to lose a lot of revenue. Talk about the unintended consequences. Even before Putin occupied the Crimea and supported separatist insurgency in Eastern Ukraine, the EU Commission began to seek ways…

  • Issue Brief posted May 20, 2014 by Luke Coffey, Daniel Kochis U.S. Should Condemn Spain and France’s Military Support to the Russian Federation

    As Russia continues to occupy Crimea and back political instability in eastern Ukraine, there are some NATO members that continue to provide Russia with military support. Spain allows the Russian navy use of its ports, and France is selling two amphibious assault ships to Russia. This behavior is unbecoming of 21st-century NATO allies. The U.S. should work with…

  • Issue Brief posted May 16, 2014 by Nile Gardiner, Ph.D., Luke Coffey Realistic U.S.–German Cooperation over Russia

    The Russian Aggression Prevention Act of 2014 contains a number of effective proposals that advance transatlantic security cooperation while seeking to restrain Moscow’s imperial ambitions in Eastern Europe. However, one of the bill’s main proposals—enhancing U.S. ties with Germany to confront Russia—is a flawed idea. The Germans view the threat and challenges posed by…

  • Issue Brief posted March 21, 2014 by Luke Coffey Ukraine, NATO, Trade, and Afghanistan Should Dominate Obama’s Visit to Europe

    On March 24–27, President Barack Obama will make his first trip to Europe in 2014. He will visit Belgium, the Netherlands, Italy, and Vatican City. He will also attend the U.S.–European Union Summit in Brussels. This trip will provide an opportunity for the President to demonstrate America’s commitment to transatlantic relations. The President needs to get the…

  • Commentary posted March 7, 2014 by Theodore R. Bromund, Ph.D. Europe must wake up to new danger

    If you looked out from Europe in the 1990s, you could see sunshine on the horizon. With the end of the Cold War, NATO appeared to be on the road to irrelevancy. But the sunshine has faded. Russia's dismemberment of Ukraine should remind Americans and Europeans that European security, for which all of us paid a high price over the past hundred years, is not assured. For…

  • Issue Brief posted March 6, 2014 by Daniel Kochis Lift Restrictions on Natural Gas Exports to NATO Allies in the Baltics

    The United States has been experiencing a boom in energy production in recent years, most notably natural gas production. This energy boom should allow for a strong export market for American liquefied natural gas (LNG) to hungry markets abroad. However, legal and regulatory hurdles make it unnecessarily difficult for American companies to export LNG to many countries…

Find more work on Europe
  • Backgrounder posted October 25, 2013 by Luke Coffey The Baltic States: Why the United States Must Strengthen Security Cooperation

    The three Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania have proven to be staunch American allies since they regained their independence in the early 1990s. Since the fall of the Soviet Union, each has made huge progress in implementing democracy, rule of law, economic freedom, and developing a strong national defense. They accomplished this by aligning themselves with…

  • Special Report posted July 11, 2012 by Luke Coffey Keeping America Safe: Why U.S. Bases in Europe Remain Vital

    Executive Summary As part of a policy that is shrinking America’s military presence in the world, the Obama Administration’s recent defense cuts heavily impact the U.S. military footprint in Europe. These cuts are sending the wrong signal on America’s commitment to transatlantic security and will embolden U.S. adversaries in the Euro–Atlantic region. Most…

  • Backgrounder posted June 9, 2014 by Salim Furth, Ph.D. Stimulus or Austerity? Fiscal Policy in the Great Recession and European Debt Crisis

    The Great Recession of 2008–2009 and the European debt crisis of 2010–2012 were the greatest interruption in economic growth since the Second World War. A debate has raged since the recession began between economists who believe that government spending is the problem and those who believe it is the solution. Available data show neither a uniform European “age of…

  • Backgrounder posted February 18, 2014 by Michaela Dodge U.S. Nuclear Weapons in Europe: Critical for Transatlantic Security

    Since the end of the Cold War, the U.S. nuclear weapons posture has undergone a dramatic change. The U.S. has withdrawn about 90 percent of its forward-deployed nuclear weapons from Europe. In 2012, the Obama Administration initiated the Life Extension Program (LEP) for the B61 tactical nuclear weapon, which is the last nuclear weapon the U.S. keeps in Europe and the only…

  • Backgrounder posted June 23, 2006 by Sean Dorgan How Ireland Became the Celtic Tiger

    In just over a generation, Ireland has evolved from one of the poorest countries in Western Europe to one of the most successful. It has reversed the persistent emigration of its best and brightest and achieved an enviable reputation as a thriving, knowledge-driven economy. As a result of sustained efforts over many years, the past of declining population,…

  • Special Report posted April 5, 2011 by The Heritage Foundation A Strong National Defense: The Armed Forces America Needs and What They Will Cost

    Abstract The U.S. military force structure envisioned by the 2010 Quadrennial Defense Review and the President’s FY 2012 budget request is inadequate to protect vital U.S. national interests. After the “procurement holiday” during the 1990s and the wear and tear of the “long war against terrorism” in Iraq and Afghanistan, all military services urgently need to…

  • WebMemo posted September 28, 2009 by Theodore R. Bromund, Ph.D. How Margaret Thatcher Helped to End the Cold War

    When Margaret Thatcher came to power in 1979, many in the West had come to believe that the Cold War could not and should not be won, that anti-Communism was morally wrong, and that the future lay in détente between the superpowers and the evolution of democracy into ever-deepening state socialism. By the time she left office, the Berlin Wall had fallen and Eastern…

  • WebMemo posted June 2, 2009 by Nile Gardiner, Ph.D., Morgan Lorraine Roach Barack Obama's Top 10 Apologies: How the President Has Humiliated a Superpower

    A common theme that runs through President Obama's statements is the idea the United States must atone for its past policies, whether it is America's application of the war against Islamist terrorism or its overall foreign policy. At the core of this message is the concept that the U.S. is a flawed nation that must seek redemption by apologizing for its past…

  • Lecture posted July 15, 2013 by Luke Coffey The Future of U.S. Bases in Europe: A View from America

    I would first like to thank James Corum and his team here at the Baltic Defense College for putting together this interesting panel and for inviting me to speak here today. It is an honor to be able to address such an esteemed audience on an issue that is of such importance: the future of U.S. forces in Europe. This is an issue that often gets overlooked in the larger…

  • Issue Brief posted May 20, 2014 by Luke Coffey, Daniel Kochis U.S. Should Condemn Spain and France’s Military Support to the Russian Federation

    As Russia continues to occupy Crimea and back political instability in eastern Ukraine, there are some NATO members that continue to provide Russia with military support. Spain allows the Russian navy use of its ports, and France is selling two amphibious assault ships to Russia. This behavior is unbecoming of 21st-century NATO allies. The U.S. should work with…

Find more work on Europe
Find more work on Europe
Find more work on Europe