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Latin America

Our Research & Offerings on Latin America
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  • Backgrounder posted June 20, 1991 by Michael G. A U.S. Role in Chile's Democratic and Economic Reforms

    (Archived document, may contain errors) 837 JUne 20,1991 A US, ROLE INCHILETS DEMOCRATIC AND mNOMIC REFORMS INTRODUCI'ION Chile has become a model of economic and democratic progress in the developing wor ld. It has moved farther and faster than any other Latin American coulltry toward free market economic refonn and has posted seven straight years of economic…

  • Backgrounder on February 2, 1983 Steady Progress in El Salvador

    (Archived document, may contain errors) 246 February 2, 1983 STEADY PROGRESS IN EL SALVADOR IN'I'KWUUC'I'IWN On January 21, 1983, President Ronald Reagan certified for the third time that the government of El Salvador was complying with the terms of the International Security Development Coopera tion Act of 1981--certification that would permit El Salvador to…

  • Backgrounder on September 12, 1983 The Castro Doctrine Makes Gains

    (Archived document, may contain errors) 289 September 12, 1983 THE CAST RO DOCTRINE MAKES GAINS INTRODUCTION The 7,000 Cuban troops and "advisorsn1 now in Nicaragua drama tize Havana's continuing role in the radical politics of Latin America. Although Cuba has been regarded since the early 1960s as a perennial threat to hemis p heric stability, only in the…

  • Backgrounder on August 2, 1983 The PLO's Growing Latin American Base

    (Archived document, may contain errors) 281 August 2, 1983 THE" PLO'S GROWING LATIN AMERICAN BASE INTRODUCTION At one time, the Monroe Doctrine shielded Latin America from interference by nations outside the Western Hemisphere. In recent decades, however, the Doctrine has been violated so repeat- edly that in effect it has been repealed. The Soviet Union has…

  • Backgrounder posted November 9, 1979 by Samuel T. Latin American Terrorism: The Cuban Connection

    (Archived document, may contain errors) November 9 1979 LA TIN AMERICAN TERRORISM THE CUBAN CONNECTION INTRODUCTION The fall of the Somoza govern ment in Nicaragua to the Sandi nista guerrilla forces (FSLN, Sandinista Front for National Liberation) and their foreign collaborators in July, 1979, has raised concern throughout the Western hemisphere that…

  • Backgrounder posted July 2, 1992 by Michael G. Wilson Hastening Castro's Downfall

    Introduction Fidel Castro's communist dictatorship in Cuba, only 90 miles off the coast of Florida, is on the brink of collapse. Over three decades of communist economic mismanagement and political repression have ruined Cuba's economy. Castro's problems have been compounded by the thirty-year-old U.S. economic embargo of Cuba and the suspension of the former…

  • Backgrounder posted April 26, 2001 by Stephen Johnson Helping Colombia Fix Its Plan to Curb Drug Trafficking, Violence, and Insurgency

    Colombia, America's fourth largest trading partner in Latin America, is the world's largest exporter of cocaine and heroin and a focal point for money laundering and arms trafficking in the Western Hemisphere. Its government has waged a losing battle against insurgents and drug traffickers for over two decades, and drug-related violence is now spilling into…

  • Issue Brief posted January 15, 2014 by Ana Quintana, James M. Roberts Latin America and the Caribbean: Congressional Priorities for 2014

    In 2013, the Obama Administration seemed to take for granted U.S. relationships with our many friendly neighbors in Latin America and the Caribbean—nations that share our democratic and economic values—while ignoring growing threats to our national security from some countries in the region that are openly hostile to America’s core principles. In 2014, Congress should…

  • Commentary posted August 15, 2001 by Ana I. Eiras, Brett D. Schaefer Helping Argentina Recover, Without IMF Help

    WASHINGTON--Argentine officials arrived in Washington last week to discuss the country's efforts to address its economic crisis with the International Monetary Fund. They recently received a temporary reprieve when the IMF agreed to speed up a $1.2 billion payment of its existing loan, originally scheduled for September. The primary purpose of their…

  • News Releases on April 26, 2001 Colombia Needs More Than Just Money to Prevent "Narcocracy," Analyst Says

    WASHINGTON, Apr. 26, 2001-Both U.S. and Colombian government officials should overhaul their largely unfocused drug-fighting efforts before the Bush administration's request for $731 million in new aid to the beleaguered South American nation is granted, a new Heritage Foundation paper says. Absent reform, U.S. lawmakers will be throwing good money after bad,…

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  • Issue Brief posted January 29, 2016 by Ana Quintana Top Priorities for U.S. Policy Toward Latin America and the Caribbean in 2016

    In 2016, Congress has a unique opportunity to improve America’s foreign policy toward Latin America. For the first time in the 17-year rule of Venezuela’s Socialist Party, the opposition has taken control of the National Assembly. As part of the anticorruption movement sweeping the region, former Guatemalan President Otto Pérez Molina was peacefully forced to resign after…

  • Issue Brief posted May 16, 2014 by James M. Roberts The Pacific Alliance: A Latin American Role Model for the United States

    This Issue Brief is also available in Spanish at Libertad.org. In Latin America and the Caribbean, the old 20th-century debate about whether to engage with the global capitalist system is long over, replaced by a virtual consensus about the importance of trade and international investment. A new cleavage has emerged, however, over how to engage the rising economies of…

  • Issue Brief posted April 23, 2014 by Ana Quintana Crisis in Venezuela: UNASUR and U.S. Foreign Policy

    Earlier this month, Secretary of State John Kerry urged Congress not to respond to the Venezuelan government’s deadly crackdown against the democratic opposition. Recent high-level talks between the Venezuelan government and select members of the opposition have led the Secretary to mistakenly believe that the crisis will soon end. Additionally, he urged Congress to avoid…

  • Issue Brief posted April 9, 2014 by James M. Roberts, Edwar Enrique Escalante Peru: President Humala Should Push for More Economic Freedom

    This Issue Brief is also available in Spanish at Libertad.org When Peruvian president Ollanta Humala took office three years ago, some feared the worst. After all, during his first presidential run in 2006, Humala (a former Peruvian army officer) had donned the fire-breathing mantle of the populist, “Bolivarian” left that was personified by Venezuela’s then-president (and…

  • Issue Brief posted March 4, 2014 by Ana Quintana Venezuela: U.S. Leadership Needed

    For the past few weeks, Venezuela has been rocked by anti-government protests. What started as small-scale demonstrations in the capital city of Caracas has escalated to mobilizations throughout the country. In response, the Venezuelan government has ordered security forces from the national guard to armed motorcycle gangs to brutally crack down on the democratic…

  • Issue Brief posted January 15, 2014 by Ana Quintana, James M. Roberts Latin America and the Caribbean: Congressional Priorities for 2014

    In 2013, the Obama Administration seemed to take for granted U.S. relationships with our many friendly neighbors in Latin America and the Caribbean—nations that share our democratic and economic values—while ignoring growing threats to our national security from some countries in the region that are openly hostile to America’s core principles. In 2014, Congress should…

  • Lecture posted October 15, 2013 by Cristián Larroulet Chile’s Path to Development: Key Reforms to Become the First Developed Country in Latin America

    Finding the best path to lead Chile toward economic development has been a continuous task of Chilean governments and leaders during the last century. The mission of building a society of opportunities—where each person has the chance to reach personal fulfillment, and can live with dignity and without poverty—seems now closer than ever before. After a period of economic…

  • Issue Brief posted August 30, 2013 by Jessica Zuckerman Nicaragua’s Canal Push and Concerns for the U.S.

    President Daniel Ortega of Nicaragua is pushing for a proposed canal project despite lingering questions and growing skepticism from Nicaraguan citizens and politicians. With no public debate, a deficit of hard facts, and a proposal rushed through the Nicaraguan National Assembly, the canal would be a massive undertaking with many unforeseen consequences and still…

  • Issue Brief posted April 15, 2013 by James M. Roberts, Sergio Daga Venezuela: U.S. Should Push President Maduro Toward Economic Freedom

    Hugo Chavez’s hand-picked successor, former trade union boss Nicolás Maduro, appears to have defeated Governor Henrique Capriles by a narrow margin in a contentious and hard-fought special election on April 14. Venezuela is in such shambles after 14 years of seat-of-the-pants mismanagement that Maduro—assuming his victory is confirmed—may ultimately be forced to pursue…

  • Issue Brief posted March 6, 2013 by Ray Walser, Ph.D., Jessica Zuckerman Venezuela After Chavez: U.S. Should Rally to Democracy

    On Tuesday, cancer claimed the life of Venezuela’s President Hugo Chavez, silencing one of Latin America’s most controversial leaders in the 21st century. Chavez’s death opens the way to an uncertain succession process, continued polarization, and potential instability in oil-rich Venezuela. Dealing with a post-Chavez Venezuela will require an ongoing U.S. commitment to…

Find more work on Latin America
Find more work on Latin America