Executive Summary: The Homeland Security Budget Request for FY2005: Assessments and Proposals
Bush Administration's fiscal year 2005 budget proposal calls for
$47.4 billion in total funding for homeland security, an increase
of approximately 13 percent over estimated FY 2004 spending. This
budget represents a significant and appropriate growth in homeland
security expenditures. Most important, the Administration's funding
priorities dovetail well with the critical mission areas
established in the national homeland security strategy.
Congress should take a hard look at the
budget, ensuring that new initiatives are properly funded.
Specifically, Congress should consider the following:
- Spending on intelligence and early warning
should focus on developing programs that promote intelligence
sharing across the public and private sectors.
- The key principle guiding federal
investments in border and transportation security should be
ensuring the adoption of a layered security system.
- The guiding principle for enhancing
domestic counterterrorism should be adopting programs that expand
the capacity to conduct counter-terrorism operations without
impinging on civil liberties or detracting from other law
- Protecting critical infrastructure and key
assets requires programs that ensure responsible, efficient, and
cost-effective cooperation between the public and private
- Research and development efforts should
focus funding on developing new means to prevent, respond to, and
mitigate the unprecedented dangers posed by catastrophic
- Spending for emergency preparedness and
response should be used to create a true national preparedness
This paper's specific proposals for refining the
President's budget include:
- Shifting funding for the Terrorist Threat
Integration Center and the Terrorist Screening Center to the
Department of Homeland Security.
- Dramatically increasing appropriations for
the Coast Guard's Deepwater modernization program.
- Expanding funding for pilot programs that
employ select state and local law enforcement assets for
immigration counterterrorism investigations.
- Limiting spending on port security
- Reviewing the effectiveness of Project
- Not increasing emergency preparedness and
response grants to state and local governments.
Overall, the Bush Administration has proposed a
responsible budget for enhancing homeland security. America faces a
protracted war against global terrorism and requires a homeland
security system that is equal to the task. The Administration has
accomplished this goal by funding priorities that are in line with
the national homeland security strategy. It remains for Congress to
take a hard look at the budget, ensuring that new initiatives are
properly funded to support the President's program.
James Jay Carafano, Ph.D., is Senior
Research Fellow for National Security and Homeland Security in the
Kathryn and Shelby Cullom Davis Institute for International Studies
at The Heritage Foundation.