Election Fraud Cases
John Boyd Rivers was charged by the state with one count of submission of false voter registration information and one count of unqualified elector willfully voting in the 2020 general election after registering despite being ineligible as a convicted felon. He was found guilty by a jury of willfully voting as an unqualified elector and acquitted of the other charge. He was sentenced to two years of probation and assessed $671 in court costs; he may perform community service in lieu of costs at the rate of $11 an hour.
Source: https://herit.ag/47aNPaA , https://herit.ag/47aNW60 , https://herit.ag/47c9cbA , https://herit.ag/3KecwJh
John Rider of the Village of Virginia Trace was charged by the state with casting more than one ballot in an election, a felony, for voting twice in the 2020 General Election in Sumter County. He voted once in person in Florida during early voting and again by absentee ballot in New York. He was sentenced to a pre-trial diversion program where he was ordered to complete 50 hours of community service. Rider was allowed by the court to pay out his community service at the rate of $10 per hour or $500 in total. He was also assessed court fines and costs totaling $400.
Source: herit.ag/3HYG6QS , herit.ag/3IkEoKZ , herit.ag/3K8lxnQ
Eugene Florence, a fifteen-time convicted felon, was charged by the state with two felony counts of submitting fraudulent voter registrations in Lee County in and around November 2021. Florence, working for a third-party voter registration organization named Hard Knocks Strategies LLC, knowingly submitted fraudulent voter registration forms with forged signatures for individuals who had not requested the forms and did not know or authorize Florence to fill them out. Although charged with only two fraudulent submissions, an affidavit alleged that 29 fraudulent registrations had been submitted by Florence and five others in Lee County and another 29 suspicious registrations were submitted by employees of the same company in Charlotte County. The organization was fined $46,600 for violations of third-party voter registration laws, including submitting registrations after the deadline, to the wrong county, and from residents of another state. Florence pleaded no contest to the two felony charges, was sentenced to 16 months in prison (to be served concurrently with another sentence he is serving for burglary), and assessed $1,498 in fines and court costs.
Source: herit.ag/3PG32d2 , herit.ag/3PFnfQ9 , herit.ag/3PDLxdi
Hubert Jack was charged by the state in Hillsborough County with one count of election voting by an unqualified voter and one count of false swearing. Jack registered and voted in the 2020 General Election. He was ineligible as a felon with a prior conviction for sexual battery whose right to vote had not been restored. Jack pleaded guilty to both counts and was sentenced to 6 months of probation and assessed $560 in fees, penalties, and court costs.
Source: https://herit.ag/47bCTsY , https://herit.ag/44FAyFb
Derrick Robinson was charged by the state with one felony count of false swearing and one count of unqualified electors willfully voting after voting as a felon in the 2020 General Election in Alachua County. He has multiple felony convictions dating back to 1999, including child molestation, multiple burglaries, and possession of illicit drugs. Robinson pleaded no contest to the charges, was sentenced to 36 months in prison with credit for 25 days time served, and ordered to pay $671 in fines and court costs.
Source: herit.ag/3PDVasc , herit.ag/48ehyQk , herit.ag/3sSjFJx , herit.ag/3RhrkLv
Michael Anderson was charged by the state in Hillsborough County with one count of election voting by an unqualified voter and one count of false swearing after registering and voting in the 2020 General Election. He was ineligible as a felon with a prior sex offense conviction whose right to vote had not been restored. Anderson pleaded guilty to one count of voting by an unqualified voter. He was sentenced to 6 months of probation, and he was assessed $560 in fees, penalties, and court costs.
Source: https://herit.ag/478rdY4 , https://herit.ag/3Oh8O2F
Nathan Hart, 49, was charged by the state in Hillsborough County with two felonies, voting as an unqualified voter and false swearing. Hart was a felon whose right to vote had not yet been restored. He was acquitted by a jury on the charge of illegally voting, but found guilty of lying on his voter registration application. Hart was sentenced to 24 months of probation, 100 hours of community service, and assessed $701 in court costs.
Source: https://herit.ag/41y8dip , https://herit.ag/40yAzIg , https://herit.ag/40vvro1
Luis Villaran was charged by the state in Palm Beach County for false affirmation in connection with an election and voting as an unqualified elector. Villaran voted in the 2020 election despite being ineligible since he was a felon and registered sex offender. Villaran pleaded guilty to both charges and was sentenced to 1 day in jail, with credit for time-served, and 6 months of probation. He was assessed $250 in court costs, fees, and surcharges.
Source: https://herit.ag/41rx5Zf, https://herit.ag/41PFbLD, https://herit.ag/41vJFqm
Kathy Funk, a Democrat Flint Township clerk and Flint County election supervisor, was charged by the state with one count of ballot tampering and one count of misconduct in office, both felonies, in the August 2020 primary in which she was on the ballot and won her election by 79 votes. Funk claimed someone broke into a room at the Flint Township Hall. However, her lawyer stipulated that she broke the seal on a secure ballot canister, which invalidated the ballots so they could not be counted, and no one else was charged with breaking and entering the Hall. Funk pleaded no contest to one count of misconduct in office in exchange for not receiving prison time and having the ballot tampering charge dismissed. She is awaiting sentencing. Her employment with the county was terminated in December 2022.
Source: herit.ag/3IkAgdY , herit.ag/3K6eb4i
Nancy Williams was charged by the state in Wayne County with 3 felony counts of forging a signature on an absentee ballot, 2 felony counts of election law forgery, 5 misdemeanor counts of false statements on applications for absentee ballots, and 7 misdemeanor counts of receiving a payment to influence vote after participating in an absentee ballot trafficking scheme involving elderly voters at a nursing care facility. She submitted voter registration and absentee ballot applications for 26 legally incapacitated residents under her care without their consent. Williams had the absentee ballots mailed directly to her. She pleaded guilty to 7 counts of receiving a payment to influence vote in exchange for dismissal of the other charges, was sentenced to one year of probation, fined $3,500, and assessed $1,096 in fees. Similar charges against Williams in Oakland County are still pending.
Source: herit.ag/3EHTtE1 , herit.ag/3rdlfVE
Larry Divis was charged by the state in Colfax County with one felony count of election falsification. Divis was a resident of Columbus, but falsely claimed that he resided in the Village of Richland when he registered and voted in the 2020 General Election. Divis falsely voted in Richland, where he owns property but does not reside, in an effort to unseat members of the Village Board who had voted to change nuisance ordinances, which upset Divis. He was found guilty by a jury and is awaiting sentencing.
Jason Schofield, a Republican Elections Commissioner for Rensselaer County Board of Elections in Troy, New York, was federally charged with 12 felony counts of unlawful possession and use of a means of identification of another person to fraudulently request, complete, and submit absentee ballots on behalf of voters during the 2021 Rensselaer County Primary and General elections. Schofield, and other Rensselaer election board employees working under his direction, used the New York State Board of Elections website to request absentee ballots on behalf of 8 voters using their names and dates of birth. These individuals had either no interest in voting absentee or otherwise, did not request absentee ballots or assistance to vote or obtain an absentee ballot, or did not know Schofield was using their personal information. Schofield personally obtained 4 absentee ballots knowing that the county board of elections records would falsely reflect the ballots were mailed to the voters via USPS. For the other 4 voters, Schofield completed the ballots and brought the ballots to the voters, instructed them to sign the ballot envelopes, which were submitted in the elections. Schofield pleaded guilty to all 12 felony charges He has resigned from his position as Commissioner of the Rensselaer County Board of Elections as part of his plea agreement and is ordered to pay an assessment of $1,200 at the time of sentencing. He faces a maximum of 5 years in prison and fines of $250,000 and cannot accept reappointment to the Board of Elections as long as he is on probation or supervised release.
Source: herit.ag/3RZwHxk , herit.ag/3HV4i6Y , herit.ag/3HUe74Z , herit.ag/3RSEZa9
Ashley Gelman was charged by the state with one felony count of illegal voting and one felony count of election falsification after voting twice in the 2022 General Election. She voted early in person in Florida and again by absentee ballot in Ohio. Gelman was a former resident of Geauga County, but had moved to Broward County Florida in 2020. She pleaded guilty to one misdemeanor count of attempted election falsification. Gelman was sentenced to 4 days of residential community control at the Geauga County Safety Center, 1 year of probation, and fined $1,000.
Source: https://herit.ag/3PBpq5M, https://herit.ag/48tw4Up, https://herit.ag/3EVNGuu
James Saunders was charged by the state in Cuyahoga County with two felony counts of illegal voting after voting twice in the General Elections in 2020 (for Pres. Trump) and 2022. In 2020, he voted early in-person in Ohio and again in-person on Election Day in Florida. In 2022, he cast an absentee ballot in Florida and voted in person in Ohio. The investigation revealed he had also voted twice in the 2014 and 2016 elections, but could not be prosecuted for these offenses because the statute of limitations had run. He was found guilty following a bench trial and sentenced to three years in jail and fined $10,000.
Source: herit.ag/44RnZWK , herit.ag/45R6x5U, https://herit.ag/3RD6fv3
Daniel Schoonhoven was charged by the state in Brooking County with one count of attempting to vote twice in the 2022 general election. Schoonhoven voted early at the county government center and signed an affidavit confirming his identity because he did not have an ID. On election day, Schoonhoven went to his polling location and attempted to vote again. After being confronted with the fact he had already voted and even after election officials located his original ballot, Schoonhoven still denied voting and completed a provisional ballot. Schoonhoven was found guilty by a jury of voting more than once in an election and was sentenced to two years in prison, which was suspended for two years of probation, completion of 80 hours of community service, and payment of a fine of $750.
Key & Definitions
Types of Cases
Any case that results in a defendant entering a plea of guilty or no contest, or being found guilty in court of election-related offenses.
A finding by a court of law that fraud occurred in an election, including judicial orders overturning election results or ordering a new election due to fraud.
Any civil case resulting in fines or other penalties imposed for a violation of election laws.
A finding by a government body that fraud occurred in an election, including orders overturning election results or ordering a new election due to fraud.
Any criminal case in which a judge directs a defendant into a pre-trial diversion program, or stays or defers adjudication with the understanding that the conviction will be cleared upon completion of the program.
Types of Voter Fraud
Requesting absentee ballots and voting without the knowledge of the actual voter; or obtaining the absentee ballot from a voter and either filling it in directly and forging the voter’s signature or illegally telling the voter who to vote for.
Illegal registration and voting by individuals who are not U.S. citizens, are convicted felons, or are otherwise not eligible to vote.
Voting in the name of other legitimate voters and voters who have died, moved away, or lost their right to vote because they are felons, but remain registered.
Paying voters to cast either an in-person or absentee ballot for a particular candidate.
Forging the signatures of registered voters on the ballot petitions that must be filed with election officials in some states for a candidate or issue to be listed on the official ballot
Registering in multiple locations and voting in the same election in more than one jurisdiction or state.
Voting under fraudulent voter registrations that either use a phony name and a real or fake address or claim residence in a particular jurisdiction where the registered voter does not actually live and is not entitled to vote.
Changing the actual vote count either in a precinct or at the central location where votes are counted.
Forcing or intimidating voters—particularly the elderly, disabled, illiterate, and those for whom English is a second language—to vote for particular candidates while supposedly providing them with “assistance.”