September 20, 2001

September 20, 2001 | WebMemo on Trade, Economic Freedom

Official Development Assistance to Middle Eastern, Central Asian,and Northern African Nations

Terrorists cannot subsist on fanaticism alone. They require financial backing to conduct their activities. Financial support is necessary for terrorist activities, especially those that project terrorist activities abroad to the United States and other developed nations. Identifying and cutting off terrorist groups, such as Osama bin Laden's al-Qaida, from their existing bank accounts and other sources of financial support is a necessary component in conducting a successful war on terrorism.

Terrorist groups also require governments to provide protection from international justice and military retribution. America and her allies have been negligent in disbursing bilateral and multilateral assistance to terrorist sponsoring states. In order to combat terrorism effectively, America and its allies in the war on terrorism must cut terrorist groups and the countries that harbor them from international financial flows.

Note: *Columns may not match as only Top 5 Donors Per Country are listed.

Net Official Development Assistance Receipt in 1999
(US$ millions)
Amount of Official Development
Assistance Disbursed by the
Top 5 Donors in 1999
(US$ millions)*
Afghanistan: $142
$29
European Commission
$17
Netherlands
$16
United States
$14
Germany
$12
UNDP
     
Algeria: $89
$128
European Commission
$95
France
$10
Spain
$5
Belgium
$4
UNHCR
     
Armenia: $209
$54
World Bank
$42
United States
$21
European Commission
$14
IMF
$8
International Fund for Agricultural Development
     
Azerbaijan: $162
$41
World Bank
$24
European Commission
$17
Germany
$9
United States
$8
IMF
     
Egypt: $1,579
$738
United States
$281
France
$170
European Commission
$109
Japan
$108
Germany
     
Georgia: $239
$66
World Bank
$26
United States
$26
European Commission
$23
IMF
$20
Germany
     
Iran: $161
$65
Germany
$48
Japan
$12
UNHCR
$11
Austria
$10
France
     
Iraq: $76
$23
Germany
$17
Norway
$11
European Commission
$9
United Kingdom
$8
Nehterlands
     
Israel: $906
$1,062
United States
$8
France
$7
European Commission
$1
Sweden
$1
UNTA
     
Jordan: $430
$155
United States
$80
UNRWA
$55
Germany
$52
Japan
$32
European Commission
     
Kazakstan: $161
$81
Japan
$53
United States
$12
European Commission
$12
Germany
$10
Asian Development Bank Special Funds
     
Kuwait: $7
$4.3
France
$0.9
UNHCR
$0.8
Germany
$0.2
UNTA
$0.2
Sweden
     
Kyrgyz Republic: $267
$61
Asian Development Bank Special Funds
$44
Japan
$44
World Bank
$30
United States
$16
European Commission
     
Lebanon: $194
$45
UNRWA
$41
European Commission
$40
France
$8
United States
$6
Germany
     
Libya: $7
$2.2
Germany
$1.3
UNHCR
$0.9
France
$0.6
UNTA
$0.2
Austria
     
Morocco: $678
$270
European Commission
$211
France
$51
Japan
$35
Spain
$6
Belgium
     
Pakistan: $732
$331
Japan
$184
Asian Development Bank Special Funds
$154
World Bank
$43
United Kingdom
$31
Germany
     
Oman: $40
$9
Japan
$5
United States
$1
UNICEF
$1
France
$1
UNTA
     
Saudi Arabia: $29
$12
Japan
$4
France
$2
Germany
$1
UNHCR
$1
UNTA
     
Sudan: $243
$42
United States
$22
United Kingdom
$21
Netherlands
$18
European Commission
$17
Norway
     
Syria: $228
$93
Japan
$20
UNRWA
$16
Germany
$12
France
$7
European Commission
     
Tajikistan: $122
$37
World Bank
$22
United States
$19
European Commission
$5
Asian Development Bank Special Funds
$5
IMF
     
Tunisia: $245
$116
European Commission
$97
France
$30
Japan
$8
Belgium
$4
Luxembourg
     
Turkey: -$10
$51
European Commission
$26
France
$8
Austria
$5
UNHCR
$4
Switzerland
     
Turkmenistan: $21
$5
United States
$5
European Commission
$3
Japan
$1
EBRD
$1
Germany
     
United Arab Emirates: $4
$2
France
$1
Germany
$0
Netherlands
$0
UNTA
$0
Japan
     
Uzbekistan: $134
$92
Japan
$14
European Commission
$11
United States
$10
Germany
$2
France
     
Yemen: $456
$136
World Bank
$52
Japan
$42
IMF
$40
Netherlands
$31
Germany
     

Note: *Columns may not match as only Top 5 Donors Per Country are listed.

Source: "Financial Flows and Debt, Recipient Aid Charts," The Development Assistance Committee (DAC), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

Terrorists cannot subsist on fanaticism alone. They require financial backing to conduct their activities. Financial support is necessary for terrorist activities, especially those that project terrorist activities abroad to the United States and other developed nations. Identifying and cutting off terrorist groups, such as Osama bin Laden's al-Qaida, from their existing bank accounts and other sources of financial support is a necessary component in conducting a successful war on terrorism.

Terrorist groups also require governments to provide protection from international justice and military retribution. America and her allies have been negligent in disbursing bilateral and multilateral assistance to terrorist sponsoring states. In order to combat terrorism effectively, America and its allies in the war on terrorism must cut terrorist groups and the countries that harbor them from international financial flows.

Note: *Columns may not match as only Top 5 Donors Per Country are listed.

Net Official Development Assistance Receipt in 1999
(US$ millions)
Amount of Official Development
Assistance Disbursed by the
Top 5 Donors in 1999
(US$ millions)*
Afghanistan: $142
$29
European Commission
$17
Netherlands
$16
United States
$14
Germany
$12
UNDP
     
Algeria: $89
$128
European Commission
$95
France
$10
Spain
$5
Belgium
$4
UNHCR
     
Armenia: $209
$54
World Bank
$42
United States
$21
European Commission
$14
IMF
$8
International Fund for Agricultural Development
     
Azerbaijan: $162
$41
World Bank
$24
European Commission
$17
Germany
$9
United States
$8
IMF
     
Egypt: $1,579
$738
United States
$281
France
$170
European Commission
$109
Japan
$108
Germany
     
Georgia: $239
$66
World Bank
$26
United States
$26
European Commission
$23
IMF
$20
Germany
     
Iran: $161
$65
Germany
$48
Japan
$12
UNHCR
$11
Austria
$10
France
     
Iraq: $76
$23
Germany
$17
Norway
$11
European Commission
$9
United Kingdom
$8
Nehterlands
     
Israel: $906
$1,062
United States
$8
France
$7
European Commission
$1
Sweden
$1
UNTA
     
Jordan: $430
$155
United States
$80
UNRWA
$55
Germany
$52
Japan
$32
European Commission
     
Kazakstan: $161
$81
Japan
$53
United States
$12
European Commission
$12
Germany
$10
Asian Development Bank Special Funds
     
Kuwait: $7
$4.3
France
$0.9
UNHCR
$0.8
Germany
$0.2
UNTA
$0.2
Sweden
     
Kyrgyz Republic: $267
$61
Asian Development Bank Special Funds
$44
Japan
$44
World Bank
$30
United States
$16
European Commission
     
Lebanon: $194
$45
UNRWA
$41
European Commission
$40
France
$8
United States
$6
Germany
     
Libya: $7
$2.2
Germany
$1.3
UNHCR
$0.9
France
$0.6
UNTA
$0.2
Austria
     
Morocco: $678
$270
European Commission
$211
France
$51
Japan
$35
Spain
$6
Belgium
     
Pakistan: $732
$331
Japan
$184
Asian Development Bank Special Funds
$154
World Bank
$43
United Kingdom
$31
Germany
     
Oman: $40
$9
Japan
$5
United States
$1
UNICEF
$1
France
$1
UNTA
     
Saudi Arabia: $29
$12
Japan
$4
France
$2
Germany
$1
UNHCR
$1
UNTA
     
Sudan: $243
$42
United States
$22
United Kingdom
$21
Netherlands
$18
European Commission
$17
Norway
     
Syria: $228
$93
Japan
$20
UNRWA
$16
Germany
$12
France
$7
European Commission
     
Tajikistan: $122
$37
World Bank
$22
United States
$19
European Commission
$5
Asian Development Bank Special Funds
$5
IMF
     
Tunisia: $245
$116
European Commission
$97
France
$30
Japan
$8
Belgium
$4
Luxembourg
     
Turkey: -$10
$51
European Commission
$26
France
$8
Austria
$5
UNHCR
$4
Switzerland
     
Turkmenistan: $21
$5
United States
$5
European Commission
$3
Japan
$1
EBRD
$1
Germany
     
United Arab Emirates: $4
$2
France
$1
Germany
$0
Netherlands
$0
UNTA
$0
Japan
     
Uzbekistan: $134
$92
Japan
$14
European Commission
$11
United States
$10
Germany
$2
France
     
Yemen: $456
$136
World Bank
$52
Japan
$42
IMF
$40
Netherlands
$31
Germany
     

Note: *Columns may not match as only Top 5 Donors Per Country are listed.

Source: "Financial Flows and Debt, Recipient Aid Charts," The Development Assistance Committee (DAC), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

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