The Heritage Foundation

Backgrounder #703

May 10, 1989

May 10, 1989 | Backgrounder on

Report on Voting Practices at the United Nations 43rd GeneralAssembly

(Archived document, may contain errors)

703 May 10,1989 REPORT ON VOTING PRACTICES AT THE UlWED NATIONS 43RD GENERAL ASSEMBLY INTRODUCTION Because of its increasing dismay that nations routinely vote against the United States at the United Nations and other inte rnational bodies, Congress in 1983 rhandated that these votes at least be tabulated and published. As such, two laws, P.L 98-164 and P.L. 99-500, require the State Department to submit an annual report to Congress on the voting practices of the member cou n tries of the U.N. in international organizations. This report, commonly called the Kasten Report after the sponsor of the enabling legislation Senator Robert Kasten, the Wisconsin Republican, has become an important tool of evaluation for U.S. policy make rs and commentators. The Kasten Report has maintained the same format and methodology from year to year to provide the continuity necessary for analyzing and comparing voting performance over time.

This should be continued, yet there is now question whether it will be in future State Department reports on voting practices in the United Nations.

Several legislators, led by Senator-Edward Kennedy, the Massachusetts Democrat, have proposed changes to the Kasten Report that could seriously undermine its integrity.

Distorting the Results. The mos t potentially damaging of the proposed changes would be the inclusion of consensus decisions in the calculation of how often a nation votes with the U.S called voting coincidence. Including consensus resolutions would distort the results enormously. The r e ason consensus resolutions of the U.N. General Assehbly or of any other legislative body are often non-controversial and frequently do not even touch on policy issues. Many are housekeeping resolutions involving such routine matters as membership on conti n uing committees and commissions and the NOTE OF like. Examples from the 43rd General Assemb1pwhich met from September to December, 1988, include Resolution 43/402, Adoption of the Agenda and Allocation of Agenda Items, and 43/301, Appointment of the Membe r s of the Credentials Committee designate years of celebration and various tributes and honors. Typical are Resolution 43/179, declaring a Transport and Communications Decade in Africa, and Resolution 43/90, noting the Fortieth Anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights consensus resolutions of genuine substance like, the resolutions of the 43rd General Assembly on the biennial budget plan but the unanimity recorded in the final votemasks the hard bargaining and tradeoffs that make it possible to achieve consensus at the end. Even then, consensus may have been reached only when some nation or nations retreated from a principled position. The meaningful divisions over issues of substance are hidden in committee proceedings or in informal negotia tions, if in fact they are recorded at all.

Common to all of these categories of consensus is the fact that the final vote, or non-vote, is substantively meaningless. Including such resolutions in a voting scorecard, therefore, skews the record, making U.N . proceedings seem much more harmonious and collegial than they are. As in any legislative body, the most accurate record is that focusing on definable differences in interests, principle, and policy.The methodology used in the Kasten Report reflects that approach.

Because of the proposed threats to the Kasten Reports integrity, The Heritage Foundations United Nations Assessment Project has tabulated and sorted the votes at the U.N. in a manner consistent with the Kasten Reports of the past five years.This report provides the necessary continuity and Comparability by presenting the percent coincidence of countries votes with the U.S. at the 43rd General Assembly using the methodology of the Kasten Reports. In addition, it contains the percent coincidence o f countries votes with the U.S.S.R. and categorical breakdowns according to the major issues dealt with by the 43rd General Assembly, data not included in the Kasten Report but important to the analysis of countries performance in the General Assembly Othe r consensus resolutions known as motherhood resolutions Hard Bargaining. At every U.N. General Assembly there are a few METHODOLOGY AND SOURCE DATA The tables showing percent coincidence of countries votes with the U.S and with the Soviet Union take into a c count recorded votes that occurred 1 The first number in a resolution refers to the General Assembly session which passed it; the second number following the slash, indicates the numerical order in which it was passed. Resolution 431402 was the 402nd reso l ution passed by the 43rd General Assembly 2 during the 43rd General Assembly, which held its plenary session from September 20,1988 to December 22,1988.They are calculated on the basis of yes/no votes only.They do not take into account absences or abstent ions they do not include decisions made by consensus.

The sum of the number of recorded votes on which a nation voted yes when the U.S. voted yes or ccnoy when the U.S. voted no yields a total agreement with the U.S.The sum of the number of recorded votes on which a nation voted yes or no and the U.S. voted yes or no yields that nations total yes/no votes.Each nations percent coincidence with the U.S. on all recorded General Assembly votes is derived by dividing that nations total agreement with the U.S. b y its total yes/no votes. Dividing the sum of all nations total agreements with the U.S. by the sum of all nations total yes/no votes yields the average overall coincidence with the U.S.

The calculations are based on data from Resolutions and Decisions Ado pted by the General Assembly During the First Part of its Forty-Third Session (United Nations Department of Public Information Press Release GA/7814, January 16,1989 and from Resolutions and Decisions Adopted by General Assembly at its Resumed Forty-Third Session (United Nations Department of Public Information Press Release GA/7814/Add.ly March 16 1989) except for the 27 paragraph votes and one procedural vote, which are based on data obtained from the U.S. Department of State PATIERNS OF VOTING AT THE U. N The average overall coincidence with the United States in the 43rd General Assembly was 15.22 percent.This is the lowest level of support for U.S. positions at the U.N. in the six years that the Kasten Reports have been compiled. Average overall coincide n ce of voting with the Soviet Union meanwhile was a remarkable 95.15 percent range of issues, the majority fell into one of four topical categories average coincidence with the U.S. 2.72 percent; average coincidence with the U.S.S.R. 97.04 percent Though t h e 166 votes in the 43rd General Assembly covered a very broad 1) Economic development/international regulation issues 9 votes Examples Resolution 43/18: The JAW of the Sea U.N. congratulates itself for drafting the Law of the Sea Treaty. Calls upon all na t ions that have not done so to sign it, and if not, to observe its provisions I Resolution 43/60 A: Questions Relating to Information Urges elimination of imbalances in news reporting on developing countries (meaning criticism that does not take into accou n t the interests, aspirations, and socio-cultural 3 values of all peoples) and mandates that the U.N.3 Department of Public Information cooperate more closely with UNESCO (from which the U.S. withdrew in 1985 2) Southern African Issues 29 votes: average co incidence with the U.S.

Examples: Resolution 43/50 A International Solidarity with the Liberation Struggle in South Africa 7.91 percent; average coincidence with the U.S.S.R. 93.22 Reaffirms U.N. official recognition of the African National Congress and th e Pan Africanist Congress as national liberation movements, with the right to use any necessary means, including armed struggle, to end apartheid in South Africa; orders South Africa to lift its state of emergency and end various repressive measures.

Reso lution 43/92: Adverse Consequences for the Enjoyment of Human Rights of Political, Military, Economic, and Other Forms of Assistance Given to the Racist and Colonialist Regime of South Africa Condemns trade with South Africa, singling out major Western na t ions and Israel; calls for comprehensive and mandatory sanctions; and calls for all states and organizations to extend all possible co-operation to the liberation movements of Southern Africa (meaning such terrorist groups as the African National Congress and the SouthWest Africa Peoples Organization 3) ArabDsraeli issues 36 votes: average coincidence with the U.S. 19.79 Examples: Resolution 43/54 A The Situation in the Middle East percent; average coincidence with the U.S.S.R. 92.27 percent Condemns Israe l for terrorist, aggressive, and repressive measures within and outside occupied Palestinian territory; condemns the U.S. for economic and strategic assistance to Israel; demands the immediate unconditional and total withdrawal of Israel from all. the terr itories occupied since 1967.

Resolution 43/176: Question of Palestine Demands that Israel withdraw from the Palestinian territory occupied since 1967, including Jerusalem, and from the other occupied Arab temtories (emphasis added and calls for a Middle Ea st Peace Conference under U.N auspices and for placing Palestinian territo ry under the supervision of the United Nations for a limited period, as part of the peace process 4 4) Disarmament issues. (44 votes: average coincidence with the U.S. 16.66 Exampl e s Resolution 43/70: Prevention of an Arms Race in Outer Space Insists that outer space should be used exclusively for peaceful purposes; calls upon the U.S. and the Soviets to undertake bilateral negotiations in a constructive spirit aimed at reaching ear l y agreement for preventing an arms race in outer space. (This echoes almost verbatim the Soviet line against the U.S. position on development of defenses against nuclear weapons percent; average coincidence with the U.S.S.R. 97.97 percent Resolution 43/64 : Urgent Need for a Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Calls for an end to nuclear testing by all States in all environments for all time This, too, is the Soviet position and opposes the U.S. stance in an arms-control issue 5) Other Issues, on which th e re were 48 votes, include such resolutions as Resolution 43/49: Report of the Committee on Relations with the Host Country Condemns the U.S. for denying a visa to Palestine Liberation Organization chairman Yassir Arafat and establishes a special session o f the 43rd General Assembly held in Geneva from December 13 to December 15,1988.

Resolution 43/137: The Situation of Human Rights in the Islamic Condemns Iran for various human rights abuses, although noting some hopeful signs. Since a majority of U.N memb er states have poor human rights records condemnations of specific countries indicate a nations diplomatic isolation more than anything else. Yet such enemies of the U.S. as Iran and Afghanistan have come in for much softer and less frequent criticism tha n do Israel and South Africa Republic of Iran Resolution 43/11: Judgement of the International Court of Justice of 27 June 1986 concerning military and paramilitary activities in and against Nicaragua: need for immediate compliance In effect, this resoluti o n affirms the International Court of Justices (ICT) opinion in Nicarupa vs. United States that General Assembly Resolutions constitute a form of international law, a position the United States has always and for good reason) strongly opposed. It also deni es the 5 U.S. its right, as expressed in the U.N. Charter, to deny ICJ jurisdiction over a dispute.

Included in these votes were 27 taken on specific paragraphs of certain resolutions. There was also one procedural vote; the perennial illegal attempt to ex clude Israel from participation in the General Assembly by denying credentials to the Israeli U.N. delegation. The breakdown of voting coincidences with the U.S. and the Soviet Union on each of these topics is shown inTable IV Of these 166 votes taken in t he 43rd General Assembly, the U.S. voted for 15, against 112, abstained on 36, was absent once, and refused to participate on two. The Soviet Union voted in favor of 159, against two, abstained on two, was absent for one, and refused to participate on two . A list of these resolutions, their titles, and their respective categories appears in Appendix C Voting Blocs. In the General Assembly, typically, member states form blocs, much like the political parties in Western democracies.These blocs are based on c o mmon geographical, cultural, religious, political, and ethnic characteristics. Among the U.N. blocs are: the African Group, Arab Group ASEAN, Asian and Pacific Group, Eastern European Group, European Economic Community, Islamic Conference, Latin American G roup, NATO Non-Aligned Movement, Nordic Group, Warsaw Pact, Western European and Others Group. While there are other groups formally associated with the U.N like the Organization of African Unity, League of Arab States, and the Organization of American St a tes, the thirteen listed above comprise the best breakdown for analyzing bloc voting in the General Assembly. Membership in and overall voting coincidence by these thirteen major blocs is shown in Appendix A Non-Aligned Movement had a 99.36 percent averag e coincidence with the Soviet Union and only a 9.50 percent average coincidence with the U.S. On economic development and international regulatory issues, the voting of the Non-Aligned Movement as a group is even more skewed, with a 100 percent coincidence with the Soviet Union and a 0 percent coincidence with the U.S.

Even excluding votes on issues regarding the Arab-Israeli conflict and Southern Africa (which together comprise 39 percent of all resolutions voted on in the 43rd General Assembly the average voting coincidence with the U.S. is still only 18.59 percent.The African Group, excluding votes pertaining to Southern Africa, has an average voting coincidence of 11.41 percent with the U.S. The Arab Group and the Islamic Conference have average voting c oincidences with the U.S. of 7.32 percent and 10.73 percent respectively By far the most powerful bloc with 99 member states, the so-called 2 Although the U.S. is a member of NATO and the Western European and Other Group and the USSR is a member of the Wa rsaw Pact and Eastern European Group, they are excluded from the figures in Appendix A for comparison purposes 6 when votes dealing with the Arab-Israeli conflict are excluded. These and other special categories are contained in Appendix B.

Every year sinc e 1982, a group of countries has tried to prevent Israel from participating in the General Assembly. This attempt comes in the form of a vote on whether to accept the credentials of the Israeli delegation. Forty-one countries voted to deny Israeli credent ials in the 43rd General Assembly?

Small Thanks for U.S. Aid. The U.S. failed in the 43rd General Assembly to get even those countries which receive substantial U.S. aid (except Israel to support U.S. positions in the U.N. Egypt the number two recipient of U.S dollars, receiving $2.3 billion in fiscal 1987 had an overall voting coincidence with the U.S. of only 8.62 percent. Pakistan received $646 million from the U.S. in fiscal 1987 and had a 8.94 percent overall coincidence.

The average voting coincidence with the U.S. of the top 50 recipients of U.S. bilateral aid was 14.32 percent.Their coincidence with the Soviet Union was 96.62 percent. These countries and their individual voting coincidences are shown inTable 111 J CONCL U SION Making the reasonable assumption that U.S. votes in the General Assembly reflect U.S. policy goals and interests, the overall voting performance of the majority of the U.N. member states demonstrates that the U.N. agenda is largely inimical to U.S. i nterests. The U.S. is almost always isolated on the issues that matter most -those on which a vote is taken.

Perhaps more important, the Soviet Unions positions are almost always endorsed by the majority at the U.N. With an all-time low overall voting coin cidence of 15.22 percent and more all-time lows among its allies, the U.S appears to be faring quite poorly at the U.N.

Holding Nations Accountable. George Bush should take these appalling figures to heart and instruct his new Ambassador to the U.N. in Ne wYork to advise U.N. member states that their performance in the General Assembly will have a bearing on their bilateral relationship with the U.S.This should be backed up by providing the records of voting performance at the U.N. to each U.S. embassy abr o ad and requiring those missions to inform the local government of the record.The U.S. Ambassador then should advise the local government that continued poor performance will elicit appropriate 3 The number of countries voting to deny Israeli credentials h a s been as high as 43 in 1983 and as low as 39 in 1987 4 FY 1987 U.S. economic and Military Assistance Actual Obligations, in Agency for International Development Congressional Presentation, Fiscal Year 1989, Main Volume, pp. 504-507 7 responses from Washi ngton. While this by no means should be the only factor for determining aid and loans from the U.S it should play some role in that.

Where possible, financial assistance should be used as leverage to encourage support for U.S. positions on important issues at the U.N Mark A. Franz Policy Analyst Robert Winters Research Assistant 8 STATISTICAL DATA AND APPENDICES Key to Bloc Abbreviations Af: African Group Ap: Asian and Pacific Group Ar: ArabGroup As: Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN Ec: Europ e an Economic Community Ee: Eastern European Group Is: Islamic Conference La: Latin American Group Na: North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO Nm: Non-Aligned Movement No: Nordic Group We: Western European and Others Group Wp: Warsaw Pact 9 Table I Overall Voting Coincidence with U.S. and USSR 7 5 5 4 14 11 38 32 15 10 10 13 56 17 11 11 12 13 19 11 10 11 13 13 10 8 12 49 10 14 13 15 10 I 120 102 119 116 105 110 84 79 104 122 118 111 78 99 119 114 110 111 102 117 122 12 109 125 12 92 100 79 111 106 111 80 11 2 5.83 4.90 4.20 3.45 1333 10.00 45.24 40.51 14.42 8.20 8.47 11.71 71.79 17.17 9.24 9.65 10.91 11.71 8.82 9.40 8.20 8.87 10.09 10.40 8.06 8.70 12.00 62.03 9.01 13.21 11.71 18.75 8.93 152 129 152 146 137 142 84 86 131 152 148 143 53 117 154 146 143 145 131 1 49 157 159 140 158 159 l22 127 61 145 l38 142 108 143 153 130 152 147 l38 143 108 105 134 152 148 144 97 122 154 148 144 146 132 149 158 159 142 159 160 122 128 97 145 139 143 112 143 99.35 99.23 100.00 99.32 99.28 99.30 11.78 81.90 97.76 100.00 100.00 99 . 31 54.64 95.90 100.00 98.65 99.31 99.32 99.24 100.00 99.37 100.00 98.59 99.37 99.38 100.00 99.22 62.89 100.00 99.28 99.30 43 100.00 14 12 7 18 12 5 11 10 42 13 4 18 13 10 17 6 9 15 33 63 12 11 10 61 11 26 14 15 14 8 10 14 19 11 37 106 106 108 97 119 120 1 2 2 80 117 27 104 111 116 97 47 122 98 82 84 113 114 123 79 123 82 73 105 124 80 121 103 95 121 n 13.21 11.32 6.48 18.56 12.50 4.20 9.17 8.20 52.50 11.11 14.81 17.31 11.71 8.62 17.53 12.77 7.38 15.31 40.24 75.00 10.62 9.65 8.13 77.22 8.94 31.71 19.18 14.29 1 1.29 10.00 8.26 13.59 20.00 9.09 50.68 139 138 140 120 I27 150 151 157 73 147 35 129 143 146 I24 53 152 126 86 46 145 149 158 46 158 94 88 136 155 101 154 133 121 154 73 140 138 140 124 128 151 152 158 103 147 36 l34 144 147 130 57 154 129 106 101 146 150 159 158 106 93 138 156 102 155 l34 I27 156 98 99.29 100.00 100.00 77 99.22 99.34 99.34 99.37 70.87 100.00 97.22 27 99.31 99.32 95.38 92.98 98.70 97.67 81.13 45.54 99.32 99.33 9937 47.92 100.00 88.68 94.62 98.55 99.36 99.02 99.35 99.25 95.28 98.72 74.49 11 8 10 9 8 33 70 52 12 39 14 l3 11 10 11 l3 l3 7 55 9 l2 12 9 10 19 10 12 13 10 9 6 12 58 34 9 10 120 124 m 121 77 78 74 90 68 119 121 125 125 114 104 105 122 79 121 97 124 117 121 86 118 108 117 l24 115 116 111 79 84 123 117 6.67 8.06 7.50 6.61 42.86 89.74 70.27 13.33 57.35 11.76 10.74 8.80 8.00 9.65 12.50 12.38 5.74 69.62 7.44 12.37 9.68 7.69 8.26 22.09 8.47 11.11 11.11 8.06 7.83 5.17 10.81 73.42 40.48 7.32 8.55 150 156 152 150 81 24 55 120 62 145 153 155 159 144 133 133 152 54 154 126 156 147 155 110 150 1 40 149 158 146 147 143 52 89 157 149 150 156 152 150 101 91 93 121 89 147 154 155 160 144 l36 l34 153 98 154 127 156 148 156 116 150 141 150 159 147 147 144 97 110 158 149 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 80.20 2637 59.14 99.17 69.66 98.64 99.35 100.00 99.38 1 0 0.00 g.79 99.25 99.35 55.10 100.00 99.21 100.00 99.32 99.36 94.83 100.00 99.29 99.33 99.37 99.32 100.00 99.31 53.61 80.91 99.37 100.00 12 11 39 9 11 13 15 17 l3 14 9 54 11 12 14 15 18 18 10 10 10 10 14 13 16 12 39 12 10 9 8 12 32 7 8 123 80 112 123 112 11 2 83 112 114 122 79 123 118 121 108 104 101 97 121 114 119 121 105 102 121 75 123 83 124 102 80 122 116 103 8.94 48.75 8.04 8.94 11.61 13.39 20.48 11.61 12.28 7.38 68.35 8.94 10.17 11.57 13.89 1731 17.82 1031 8.26 8.77 8.40 11.57 1238 15.69 9.92 52.00 9.76 12.05 7.26 8.33 11.76 40.00 5.74 6.90 11.65 157 78 140 153 143 144 104 144 146 156 55 w 149 153 137 128 125 129 153 147 152 151 l36 l28 153 71 153 110 152 l22 136 86 149 147 135 157 104 141 153 144 145 108 145 147 157 97 154 150 154 139 133 130 130 153 14 7 153 152 137 131 153 96 155 111 152 123 137 105 152 147 l36 100.00 75.00 99.29 100.00 99.31 99.31 %30 99.31 99.32 99.36 56.70 100.00 9933 99.35 98.56 96.24 96.15 99.23 100.00 100.00 99.35 99.34 99.27 97.71 100.00 n 98.71 99.10 100.00 99.19 99.27 81.90 98. 0 3 100.00 99.26 13 GmE 14 10 22 9 10 10 10 73 NA 13 10 14 8 7 6 11 13 10 9 112 117 119 a2 im 124 124 123 89 NA 105 118 109 123 118 121 123 99 120 121 11.97 8.40 26.83 7.50 8.06 8.06 8.13 82.02 NA 12.38 8.47 12.84 6.50 5.93 4% 8-94 13.13 8.33 7.44 144 149 1 5 2 154 159 NA 154 39 10 139 153 141 154 149 152 157 128 151 153 146 150 152 106 154 160 NA 154 101 124 140 153 142 155 149 153 158 130 152 153 98.63 99.33 100.00 90.57 100.00 w38 NA 100.00 38.61 8.06 99.29 100.00 99.30 99.35 100.00 9.35 99.37 98.46 99.34 1 0 0.00 14 Table I1 4 5 5 5 6 6 7 7 7 7 7 8 8 8 8 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 10 9 10 10 10 10 10 10 ith U.5 116 119 119 102 121 116 122 122 120 118 108 123 121 m 116 124 123 122 122 121 121 120 120 117 115 125 112 124 124 124 124 124 123 n Asce 3.45 4.20 4.m 4.90 4 5.17 5.74 5.74 5.83 5.93 6.48 6.50 6.61 6.67 6.90 7.26 7.32 7.38 7.38 7.44 7.44 7.50 7.50 7.69 7.83 8.00 8.04 8.06 8.06 8.06 8.06 8.06 8.13 ing 01 146 152 150 129 152 147 152 149 152 149 140 154 150 150 147 152 157 152 156 154 153 152 154 147 146 159 140 1 59 156 158 159 NA 158 r 147 152 151 130 153 147 153 152 153 149 140 155 150 150 147 152 158 154 157 154 153 152 154 148 147 160 141 160 156 159 160 NA 159 99.32 100.00 99.34 99.23 9935 100.00 99.35 98.03 99.35 100.00 100.00 99.35 100.00 100.00 100.00 100. 0 0 99.37 98.70 99.36 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 99.32 99.32 99.38 99.29 99.38 100.00 99.37 99.38 NA 99.37 15 I 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 8 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 8 10 11 9 11 10 11 11 11 11 11 10 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 l23 122 122 122 121 121 121 120 119 119 11 8 118 118 117 116 92 114 125 102 124 112 123 123 123 123 123 111 121 120 119 117 114 114 114 8.13 8.20 8.u 8.20 8.26 8.26 8.26 833 8.33 8.40 8.40 8.47 8.47 8.47 8.55 8.62 8.70 8.77 8.80 8.82 8-87 8.93 8.94 8.94 8.94 8.94 8.94 9.01 9.09 9.17 9.24 9.40 9.65 9 .65 9.65 154 152 157 157 154 155 153 122 151 152 152 148 150 153 149 146 122 147 155 131 159 143 158 157 153 154 157 145 154 151 154 149 146 149 144 154 152 158 158 155 156 153 123 152 153 152 148 150 153 149 147 122 147 155 132 159 143 158 157 153 154 15 8 145 156 152 154 149 148 150 144 100.00 100.00 99.37 99.37 99.35 99.36 100.00 99.19 99.34 99.35 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 99.32 100.00 100.00 100.00 99.24 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 99.37 100.00 98.72 99.34 100.00 100.00 98.65 99.3 3 100.00 16 12 12 12 11 8 11 12 10 13 12 12 l3 12 12 12 13 l3 14 12 14 14 l3 13 12 13 13 13 13 12 14 14 12 10 14 12 124 123 121 110 80 109 118 97 125 113 112 121 111 110 108 117 117 124 106 121 121 112 112 103 111 111 111 111 102 119 117 100 83 114 97 9.68 9.76 9.92 10.00 10.00 10.09 10.17 10.31 10.40 10.62 10.71 10.74 10.81 10.91 11.11 11.11 11.11 11.29 11.32 11.57 11.57 11.61 11.61 11.65 11.71 11.71 11.71 11.71 11.76 11.76 11.97 12.00 12.05 12.28 12.37 156 153 153 142 101 140 149 129 158 145 144 153 143 1 4 3 140 147 149 155 138 153 151 143 144 135 143 145 142 143 136 145 149 127 110 146 126 156 155 153 143 102 142 150 130 159 146 146 154 144 144 141 147 150 156 138 154 152 144 145 136 144 146 143 144 137 147 150 128 111 147 127 100.00 98.71 100.00 99.30 99. 0 2 98.59 99.33 99.23 99.37 99.32 98.63 99.35 9931 99.31 99.29 100.00 99.33 99.36 100.00 99.35 99.34 99.31 9931 99.26 99.31 99.32 99.30 99.31 99.27 98.64 99.33 99.22 99.10 9932 99.21 17 13 13 13 12 13 6 14 13 14 14 14 12 15 14 15 15 15 4 15 16 17 18 18 17 1 8 18 15 14 19 17 19 22 26 32 105 105 105 104 47 109 99 106 106 105 90 112 103 108 105 104 27 98 102 99 104 104 97 101 97 80 73 95 83 86 82 82 80 82 12.38 12.38 12.38 12.50 12.50 12.77 12.84 13.13 13.21 13.21 13.33 13.33 13.39 13.59 13.89 14.29 14.42 1481 1 5 .31 15.69 17.17 17.31 17.31 17.53 17.82 18.56 18.75 19.18 20.00 20.48 22.09 26.83 31.71 40.00 40.24 133 136 139 127 133 53 141 128 138 139 137 120 144 133 137 136 131 35 126 128 117 129 128 124 125 120 108 88 121 104 110 94 a6 a6 134 137 140 128 136 57 14 2 130 139 140 138 121 145 134 139 138 m 36 129 131 122 134 133 uo 130 124 112 93 127 108 116 106 106 105 106 99.25 99.27 99.29 99.22 97.79 92.98 99.30 98.46 99.28 99.29 99.28 99.17 99.31 99.25 98.56 98.55 97.76 97.22 97.67 97.71 95.90 27 24 95.38 96.15 77 4 3 94.62 95.28 30 94.83 90.57 88.68 81.90 81.13 18 34 32 33 38 39 37 39 42 39 49 54 55 52 56 58 63 61 73 70 NA 84 79 77 84 80 73 75 80 68 79 79 79 74 78 79 84 79 89 78 NA Y AGREE. w/..u.s 40.48 40.51 42.86 45.24 48.75 50.68 52.00 52.50 57.35 62.03 68.35 69 . 62 70.27 71.79 73.42 75.00 77.22 82.02 89.74 NA I lj;22 89 86 81 84 78 73 71 73 62 61 55 54 55 53 52 46 46 39 24 10 110 105 101 108 104 98 103 89 97 97 98 93 97 97 101 101 91 124 80.91 81.90 80.20 77.78 75.00 74.49 73 70.87 69.66 62.89 56.70 55.10 59.14 5 4 .64 53.61 45.54 47.92 38.61 26.37 8.06 19 Table 111 89.74 8.62 8.94 26.83 17.53 12.28 31.71 20.00 14.29 18.56 8.47 11.76 68.35 8.06 6.67 7.83 52.00 13.59 13.33 11.65 7.26 8.40 10.91 13.13 10.74 1731 11.61 9.76 9.92 11.71 8.77 5.93 Top 50 U.S. A 25.27 98.6 4 99.35 89.62 94.62 98.64 87.74 94.49 97.83 95.97 99.32 97 55.67 99.36 100.00 98.64 72.92 98.51 98.35 98.53 99.34 99.34 98.61 97.69 98.70 95.52 98.62 98.06 99.35 98.61 99.32 100.00 98.51 I Recipients 3,(mOOo s309,731 646,047 594,215 507,764 393,524 344,250 254,928 181,240 179,448 l64,9% u2,!?41 147,364 140,255 138,023 134,929 1l3,OOO 98,827 87,801 81,699 81,663 78,265 72,174 60,551 59,892 56,931 56,531 51,473 49,978 49,112 47,086 41,483 41,001 20 100.00 79.21 98.44 99.33 100.00 98.68 98.60 100.00 97.89 98.6 1 99.37 98.57 100.00 98.63 95.08 97.06 98.58 38,629 35,002 33,811 26,385 223778 223292 18,836 19,517 17,761 17,539 17,289 16,604 16,466 16,029 15,884 fim 15.017 21 Table IV Voting Coincidences with U.S. and USSR A) Arab flsr li Issue 31 29 31 30 20 26 21 1 9 21 31 31 21 23 14 30 29 22 26 23 31 30 31 20 31 31 26 16 21 25 21 24 q cGREE wms 9.68 6.90 9.68 10.00 20.00 15.38 61.90 62.63 28.57 9.68 9.68 19.05 60.87 35.71 10.00 13.79 18.18 1538 1739 9.68 10.00 9.68 20.00 1290 9.68 11.54 25.00 71.43 12.00 19.05 16.6 7 36 34 36 35 23 30 16 17 23 36 36 25 17 17 35 33 26 30 27 36 35 36 24 35 36 31 19 14 30 25 28 36 34 36 35 24 31 26 24 26 36 36 26 28 19 35 34 27 31 28 36 35 36 25 36 36 31 20 26 30 26 29 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 95.83 77 61.54 70.83 88.46 100.00 100.00 96.15 60.71 89.47 100.00 97.06 30 77 43 100.00 100.00 100.00 00 97.22 100.00 100.00 95.00 53.85 100.00 ls 96.55 22 4 3 4 3 2 4 4 3 4 3 15 3 1 5 4 4 6 1 4 5 13 15 4 3 3 15 3 5 6 4 4 4 4 4 6 16 30 m 29 21 11 16 30 30 29 23 31 1 15 22 28 16 7 31 16 22 23 28 2 8 30 23 30 a 13 m 31 23 31 22 16 25.00 10.00 m.00 1034 9.52 36.36 25.00 10.00 33.33 1034 65.22 9.68 100.00 33.33 18.18 14.29 3750 14.29 12.90 31.25 59.09 65.22 14.29 10.71 10.00 65.22 10.00 25.00 46.15 m.OO 12.90 17.39 12.90 18.18 37.50 20 35 24 34 22 13 1 9 35 34 34 16 36 0 17 26 32 17 6 35 19 17 16 32 33 35 16 35 23 15 24 35 27 35 26 17 21 35 25 34 22 14 20 35 35 34 28 36 1 19 27 33 21 7 36 21 27 28 33 33 35 28 35 25 18 25 36 28 36 27 a 95.24 100.00 00 100.00 100.00 92.86 95.00 100.00 97.14 100.00 57.14 1 0 0.00 0.00 89.47 96.30 97 80.95 85.71 97.22 90.48 62.96 57.14 97 100.00 100.00 57.14 100.00 92.00 83.33 00 97.22 43 97.22 30 85.00 23 4 15 3 3 3 3 13 28 14 4 10 3 4 3 3 3 5 4 3 15 3 4 3 3 4 6 3 4 4 3 3 3 4 15 13 31 22 30 31 29 31 21 29 21 15 19 31 30 31 31 31 23 15 31 23 30 18 31 29 31 22 31 26 25 31 31 30 22 23 21 AGREE w/us 12.90 68.18 10.00 9.68 10.34 9.68 61.90 96.55 66.67 26.67 52.63 9.68 13.33 9.68 9.68 9.68 21.74 26.67 9.68 65.22 10.00 22.22 9.68 10.34 12.90 27.27 9.68 15.38 16.00 9.68 9.68 10.00 18. 1 8 65.22 61.90 35 14 35 36 34 36 16 0 15 19 17 36 34 36 36 36 26 15 36 16 35 a 36 34 35 24 36 30 29 36 36 35 26 16 16 36 26 35 36 34 36 26 34 26 a 24 36 35 36 36 36 28 16 36 28 35 21 36 34 36 27 36 31 30 36 36 35 27 28 26 97.22 53.85 100.00 100.00 100.00 1 0 0.00 61.54 0.00 57.69 95.00 70.83 100.00 97.14 100.00 100.00 100.00 92.86 93.75 100.00 51.14 100.00 95.24 100.00 100.00 9722 88.89 100.00 77 67 100.00 100.00 100.00 96.30 57.14 6154 24 3 3 3 14 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 3 15 3 4 3 4 5 5 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 3 9 4 3 3 1 3 12 3 31 30 30 22 31 31 21 21 20 24 25 30 23 31 26 30 24 20 20 23 31 31 31 31 23 14 31 22 31 12 31 13 21 21 31 9.68 10.00 10.00 63.64 9.68 9.68 19.05 19.05 20.00 16.67 16.00 10.00 65.22 9.68 15.38 10.00 16.67 25.00 25.00 13.04 9.68 9.68 12.90 12.90 17.39 28.5 7 9.68 40.91 12.90 25.00 9.68 7.69 14.29 57.14 9.68 36 35 35 16 36 36 25 25 24 28 29 35 16 36 30 35 28 23 23 27 36 36 35 35 27 18 36 21 35 15 36 12 25 17 36 36 35 35 27 36 36 26 26 25 29 30 35 28 36 31 35 29 25 25 28 36 36 36 36 28 19 36 27 36 16 36 u 26 2 6 36 100.00 100.00 100.00 59.26 100.00 100.00 96.15 15 96.00 96.55 67 100.00 57.14 100.00 96.77 100.00 55 92.00 92.00 43 100.00 100.00 97.22 97.22 43 94.74 100.00 7.78 97.22 93.75 100.00 92.31 96.15 65.38 100.00 25 3 4 4 4 3 3 3 3 3 3 l5 NA 4 3 4 3 3 3 4 4 4 22 24 24 31 26 29 31 31 31 22 NA 19 29 24 31 31 31 31 14 29 31 18.18 16.67 16.67 9.68 11.54 1034 9.68 9.68 9.68 68.18 NA 21.05 1034 16.67 9.68 9.68 9.68 12.90 28.57 13.79 26 28 28 36 31 34 36 NA 36 l5 3 23 34 28 36 36 36 35 16 33 c 27 29 29 36 31 34 36 N A 36 27 31 24 34 29 36 36 36 36 17 34 100.00 96.30 55 55 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 NA 100.00 55.56 9.68 95.83 100.00 55 100.00 100.00 100.00 97.22 94.12 97.06 B) Southern African Issues 26 5 7 0 0 0 0 12 2 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 8 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 12 l3 18 23 21 m 15 21 22 19 19 16 19 21 23 23 22 23 23 16 17 l3 22 18 19 7 22 17 20 23 22 17 23 21 23 41.67 53.85 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 80.00 9.52 0.00 5.26 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 4.55 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 61.54 0.00 0.00 0.00 28.57 0.00 0.00 0 . 00 0.00 13.64 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 12 10 24 29 27 26 6 20 28 24 25 22 25 27 29 29 27 29 29 22 23 6 28 24 25 10 28 23 26 29 25 23 29 27 29 17 17 24 29 27 26 18 22 28 25 25 22 25 27 29 29 28 29 29 22 23 14 28 24 25 12 28 23 26 29 28 23 29 27 29 7059 58.82 10 0 .00 100.00 100.00 100.00 3333 90.91 100.00 96.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 96.43 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 42.86 100.00 100.00 100.00 83.33 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 89.29 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 27 28 4 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 12 0 0 0 1 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 12 5 0 0 0 5 0 0 0 0 3 8 22 23 23 23 21 12 21 23 15 22 11 23 22 23 12 22 14 22 23 20 23 20 15 14 23 21 23 12 16 23 20 rn 4 20 50.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 8.33 0.00 0.00 80.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 4.55 0.00 25.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 80.00 35.71 0.00 0.00 0.00 41.67 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 75.00 0.00 7 28 29 29 29 27 16 27 29 6 28 17 29 27 29 15 28 m 28 29 26 29 26 5 13 29 27 29 11 22 29 26 26 1 26 11 28 29 29 29' 27 17 27 29 18 28 17 29 28 29 18 28 m 28 29 26 29 26 17 18 29 27 29 16 22 29 26 26 4 26 63.64 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 94.12 100.00 100.00 33.33 100.00 100.00 100.00 43 100.00 83.33 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 29.41 7222 100.00 100.00 100.00 68.75 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 25.00 100.00 29 0 0 14 0 0 1 1 3 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 8 0 0 0 0 0 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 19 23 16 23 21 23 20 21 20 15 23 21 21 21 18 20 23 l3 22 18 23 20 16 12 23 23 16 19 22 21 16 23 23 23 23 0.00 0.00 87.50 0.00 0.00 435 5.00 14.29 15.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 10.00 0 .00 61.54 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 41.67 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 12.50 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 25 29 5 29 27 28 25 24 23 21 29 27 27 27 24 24 29 9 28 24 29 25 22 11 29 29 22 25 28 27 20 29 29 NA 29 25 29 19 29 27 29 26 27 26 21 29 27 27 27 24 26 29 17 2 8 24 29 25 22 16 29 29 22 25 28 27 22 29 29 NA 29 100.00 100.00 26.32 100.00 100.00 55 15 88.89 88.46 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 9231 100.00 52.94 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 68.75 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 90.91 100.0 0 100.00 NA 100.00 30 0 Disarmai 19 NA 18 20 20 23 23 23 23 18 23 ent Issi 29 20 27 26 31 26 25 24 29 30 30 29 14 28 29 30 NA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5.56 0.00 S 10.34 10.00 3.70 0.00 16.13 7.69 32.00 16.67 13.79 13.33 13.33 13.79 71.43 17.86 13 . 79 10.00 2 0 24 26 26 29 29 29 29 23 29 29 19 23 24 26 26 29 29 29 29 24 29 29 10.53 0.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 95.83 100.00 100.00 39 28 38 36 43 37 33 36 41 40 41 40 16 39 41 42 39 28 38 36 43 37 36 36 41 40 41 40 21 39 41 42 1 00.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 91.67 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 76.19 100.00 100.00 100.00 31 4 4 1 5 4 4 2 5 4 3 4 10 4 5 4 5 3 5 5 2 5 4 1 3 4 7 5 0 5 4 2 5 0 2 5 29 29 25 28 30 30 27 31 30 20 29 20 26 30 29 28 m 28 30 28 30 29 27 29 3 0 m 30 0 30 30 28 30 1 27 29 13.79 13.79 4.00 17.86 1333 13.33 7.41 16.13 13.33 15.00 13.79 50.00 15.38 16.67 13.79 17.86 15.00 17.86 16.67 7.14 16.67 13.79 3.70 10.34 13.33 35.00 16.67 RR 16.67 13.33 7.14 16.67 0.00 7.41 17.24 40 41 34 40 43 42 39 42 43 2 9 40 24 39 42 41 40 30 40 42 40 42 41 37 39 43 29 40 0 41 41 38 42 1 37 40 40 41 34 40 43 42 39 42 43 29 40 29 39 42 41 40 30 40 42 40 42 41 37 39 43 32 40 0 41 41 38 42 1 37 40 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 8 2 .76 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 90.63 100.00 ERR 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 5 14 4 5 4 11 4 5 1 5 5 0 3 5 5 4 6 2 3 4 3 5 9 11 4 9 4 5 4 4 4 3 5 3 9 33 26 17 29 30 30 15 3 0 22 9 30 31 1 29 29 29 30 17 28 29 30 29 22 13 15 25 17 30 30 30 30 30 29 30 29 15 19.23 82.35 u.79 16.67 u.33 73.33 13.33 22.73 11.11 16.67 16.13 0.00 10.34 17.24 17.24 13.33 35.29 7.14 10.34 13.33 10.34 22.73 69.23 73.33 16.00 52.94 13.33 16.67 13.33 1 3 .33 13.33 10.34 16.67 10.34 60.00 37 12 41 42 43 16 42 33 11 42 43 1 40 41 41 43 27 35 41 40 38 33 14 17 36 23 40 41 39 43 41 41 42 38 16 37 2A 41 42 43 22 42 33 11 42 43 1 40 41 41 43 29 35 41 40 38 33 19 23 36 27 40 41 39 43 41 41 42 38 21 100.00 50.00 1 00.00 100.00 100.00 72.73 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 93.10 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 73.68 73.91 100.00 85.19 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 76.19 3 4 5 4 4 5 3 4 4 4 3 3 4 10 7 3 3 4 8 3 4 4 5 5 4 5 4 10 5 5 5 5 5 5 29 29 30 30 29 27 27 31 30 29 28 29 30 14 24 29 28 30 23 29 29 30 30 30 30 29 30 16 31 31 30 31 29 28 25 10.34 13.79 16.67 u.33 13.79 18.52 11.11 12.90 13.33 13.79 10.71 10.34 13.33 71.43 29.17 1034 10.71 13.33 34.78 1 0.34 13.79 13.33 16.67 16.67 13.33 17.24 13.33 62.50 16.13 16.13 16.67 16.13 17.24 17.86 12.00 40 40 42 40 41 39 37 43 41 42 39 38 42 16 33 41 40 42 31 38 39 41 41 42 41 41 43 18 42 43 41 43 41 40 37 40 40 42 40 41 39 37 43 41 42 39 38 42 21 35 41 40 42 3 5 38 39 41 41 42 41 41 43 23 42 43 41 43 41 40 37 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 76.19 94.29 100.0 100.00 100.00 8857 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 78.26 100.00 100.00 10 0 .00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 34 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 10 5 5 3 5 5 4 2 2 5 3 5 3 10 3 4 4 4 15 30 29 30 30 26 31 30 17 31 29 29 30 30 24 27 27 28 30 31 29 18 29 30 30 30 19 NA 28 31 29 30 29 28 29 30 wms 13.33 13.79 13.33 16.67 19.23 16.13 16.67 58.82 16.13 17 . 24 10.34 16.67 16.67 16.67 7.41 7.41 17.86 10.00 16.13 10.34 55.56 1034 1333 13.33 13.33 78.95 NA 17.86 16.13 13.79 13.33 10.34 7.14 10.34 13.33 41 41 43 41 38 42 40 21 42 39 38 41 42 36 37 36 40 41 43 39 22 40 43 NA 39 l3 4 40 43 40 40 39 38 41 42 41 41 4 3 41 38 42 40 26 42 39 38 41 42 36 37 36 40 42 43 39 27 40 43 NA 39 23 30 40 43 40 40 39 38 41 42 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 80.77 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 97.62 100.00 100.00 81.48 100.00 100.00 NA 100.00 56.52 13.33 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 35 D) Economic Development and International Regulation Issues 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 4 7 7 6 7 4 5 4 7 7 7 5 3 6 6 7 6 7 6 7 7 7 7 7 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 25.00 20.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 40.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 7 5 8 8 8 8 3 4 4 8 8 8 3 4 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 7 5 8 8 8 8 4 5 4 8 8 8 5 4 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 7 5.00 80.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 60.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 36 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 2 0 1 0 6 7 5 7 6 7 7 7 7 5 4 7 7 7 7 7 4 7 0 6 6 7 6 4 7 6 4 5 7 5 7 4 7 5 6 0.00 0.00 40.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 25.00 0.00 IRR 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 20.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50.00 0.00 20.00 0.00 8 8 3 8 8 8 8 8 8 6 6 8 8 8 8 8 3 8 1 8 7 8 8 6 8 8 4 4 8 7 8 2 8 4 8 8 8 5 8 8 8 8 8 8 6 6 8 8 8 8 8 4 8 1 8 7 8 8 6 8 8 4 5 8 7 8 4 8 5 8 100.00 100.00 60.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 75.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.0 0 100.00 80.00 ioo.00 100.00 100.00 50.00 100.00 80.00 100.00 37 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 2 1 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 7 7 7 4 5 6 4 7 7 6 7 6 2 5 7 4 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 4 7 7 7 7 7 6 7 7 7 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 25.00 0.00 0.00 0 .00 0.00 16.67 100.00 20.00 0.00 50.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 25.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 4 8 8 8 5 7 6 3 8 8 8 8 5 0 4 7 2 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 4 8 8 8 8 8 7 8 8 8 4 8 8 8 5 7 6 4 8 8 8 8 6 2 5 7 4 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 5 8 8 8 8 8 7 8 8 8 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 75.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 83.33 0.00 80.00 100.00 50.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 80.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 38 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 7 6 7 7 5 4 6 6 7 3 6 7 7 6 7 6 7 7 5 7 6 6 3 6 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 6 5 7 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 40.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 m.OO 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0 .00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 m.00 0.00 8 7 8 8 3 4 8 8 8 3 8 8 8 8 8 7 8 7 4 8 8 7 4 7 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 4 8 8 7 8 8 5 4 8 8 8 3 8 8 8 8 8 7 8 7 5 8 8 7 4 7 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 5 8 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 60.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 1 0 0.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 80.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 80.00 100.00 39 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 2 NA 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 7 4 6 4 6 7 7 7 7 7 5 7 7 7 6 4 NA 7 7 5 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 i iiiiiiiii 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 20.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50.00 NA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3 8 5 8 4 7 8 8 8 8 8 4 8 8 NA 8 2 0 8 8 7 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 3 8 5 8 4 7 8 8 8 8 8 5 8 8 NA 8 4 7 8 8 7 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 80.00 100.00' 100.00 NA 100.00 50.00 0.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 40 Appendix A Blo c Voting Coincidences with U.S. and USSR 5 4 11 l3 11 l3 12 10 14 l3 l2 7 12 l3 10 6 9 12 11 11 14 8 l3 3.3 13 7 9 l2 10 10 12 9 6 frica 119 116 119 111 124 125 100 111 106 111 106 108 96 117 116 47 122 113 114 123 124 80 121 104 105 122 121 97 121 118 108 115 116 4.20 3.45 9.24 11.71 8.87 10.40 12.00 9.01 13.21 11.71 1132 6.48 12.50 11.11 8.62 12.77 7.38 10.62 9.65 8.94 11.29 10.00 10.74 1250 12.38 5.74 7.44 12.37 8.26 8.47 11.11 7.83 5.17 152 146 154 145 159 158 127 145 138 142 138 140 127 147 146 53 152 1 45 149 158 155 101 153 133 133 152 154 126 155 150 140 146 147 152 147 154 146 159 159 128 145 139 143 138 140 128 147 147 57 154 146 150 158 156 102 154 136 134 153 154 127 156 150 141 147 147 100.00 99.32 100.00 99.32 100.00 99.37 99.22 100.00 99.28 99- 3 0 100.00 100.00 99.22 100.00 99.32 92.98 98.70 99.32 99.33 100.00 99.36 99.02 99.35 97.79 99.25 99.35 100.00 99.21 99.36 100.00 99.29 99.32 100.00 41 21 ha 117 123 121 97 114 119 121 121 124 102 112 119 1u 99 1u 122 117 116 121 119 125 114 122 118 115 112 123 121 855 8.94 11.57 1031 8.l7 8.40 11.57 9.92 7.26 11.76 10.71 8.40 7.50 13.13 8.33 8.u 11.11 8.62 6.61 11.76 8.80 9.65 5.74 8.47 7.83 8.04 8.94 8.26 149 157 153 129 147 152 151 153 152 l36 144 152 154 128 151 152 147 146 150 145 155 144 152 150 146 14 0 154 153 149 157 154 130 147 153 152 153 152 137 146 152 154 130 152 152 147 147 150 147 155 144 153 150 147 141 154 153 100.00 100.00 99.35 99.23 100.00 9935 99.34 100.00 100.00 99.27 98.63 100.00 100.00 98.46 9934 100.00 100.00 99.32 100.00 98.64 100.00 100.00 99.35 100.00 99.32 99.29 100.00 100.00 42 e Pacifi ToT VOTES 120 W/NO 122 118 114 117 109 92 112 120 43 AGREE Wt asi 5.83 8.20 8.47 9.65 9.40 1o.w 8.70 8.93 9.17 152 152 148 146 149 140 122 143 151 153 152 148 148 149 142 122 143 152 99.35 100.00 1 0 0.00 98.65 100.00 98.59 100.00 100.00 99.34 15 8 10 9 8 m 39 14 11 10 11 12 9 10 12 9 11 15 14 11 18 10 13 16 12 7 12 10 10 8 7 44 0 98 no l24 120 121 78 68 119 125 125 114 l24 117 l24 111 112 l.23 112 114 n3 101 121 105 102 123 122 103 123 118 123 ll8 12 1 1531 6.67 8.06 750 6.61 89.74 5735 11.76 8.80 8.00 9.65 9.68 7.69 8.06 10.81 8.04 8.94 1339 12.28 8.94 17.82 8.26 1238 15.69 9.76 5.74 11.65 8.13 8.47 650 5.93 4 126 150 156 152 150 24 62 145 155 159 144 156 147 158 143 140 153 144 146 154 125 153 136 12 8 153 149 l35 154 153 154 149 152 129 150 156 152 150 91 89 147 155 160 144 156 148 159 144 141 153 145 147 154 130 153 137 131 155 152 136 154 153 155 149 97.67 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 2637 69.66 98.64 100.00 9938 100.00 100.00 9932 9937 9931 99.29 10 0 .00 9931 9932 100.00 15 100.00 99.27 97.71 98.71 98.03 99.26 100.00 100.00 9935 100.00 s) Easter Europc vO~s j j 102 122 124 122 123 121 122 118 124 123 4.90 8.20 8.06 8.20 8.13 9.09 7.38 10.17 8.06 8.94 mic Coi 78 80 84 79 82 n 74 79 79 79 75 89 munity f i 1 AGREE 71.79 52.50 75.00 77.22 31.71 42.86 70.27 69.62 73.42 68.35 52.00 82.02 129 157 159 157 158 154 156 149 159 157 53 73 46 46 94 81 55 54 52 55 71 39 130 158 160 158 159 156 l57 150 160 158 97 103 101 106 101 93 98 97 97 101 99.23 99.37 99.38 99.37 99.37 98.72 99.36 99.33 99.38 99.37 54.64 70.87 45.54 47.92 88.68 80.20 59.14 55.10 53.61 56.70 73.96 38.61 45 nr 5 10 10 11 11 12 13 12 13 10 12 11 14 8 10 9 8 14 11 11 7 9 10 10 9 10 9 11 11 10 10 14 12 9 7 46 iferenc ToTa yEs VOTES 119 122 118 117 124 1 00 111 106 117 116 113 114 124 80 124 120 121 119 125 114 122 117 121 118 115 117 112 123 123 121 114 121 121 124 122 4.20 8.20 8.47 9.40 8.87 12.00 11.71 11.32 11.11 8.62 10.62 9.65 11.29 10.00 8.06 750 6.61 11.76 8.80 9.65 5.74 7.69 8.26 8.47 7.83 8.55 8 .04 8.94 8.94 8.26 8.77 11.57 9.92 7.26 5.74 152 152 148 149 159 127 142 138 147 146 145 149 155 101 156 152 150 145 155 144 152 147 155 150 146 149 140 i53 154 153 147 151 153 152 149 7 152 152 148 149 159 128 143 l38 147 147 146 150 156 102 156 152 150 1 47 155 144 153 148 156 150 147 149 141 153 w 153 147 152 153 152 152 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 99.22 99.30 100.00 100.00 99.32 99.32 99.33 99.36 99.02 100.00 100.00 100.00 98.64 100.00 100.00 99.35 99.32 99.36 100.00 99.32 100.00 99.29 100.00 100 . 00 100.00 100.00 99.34 100.00 100.00 98.03 152 l52 106 w w 154 w 149 149 152 l53 W/USS,R 100.00 9057 100.00 100.00 100.00 9935 j 995 8) Latin merica YWNo ;Vm 3 105 110 104 111 99 110 102 80 106 97 119 27 104 111 97 73 105 121 103 95 90 117 123 AGREE w u.s S 1333 10.00 14.42 11.71 17.17 10.91 8.82 18.75 13.21 18.56 4.20 14.81 1731 11.71 1753 19.18 14.29 8.26 1359 m.00 1333 11.11 7.32 137 142 l31 143 117 143 131 108 139 120 150 35 129 143 l24 88 136 154 133 121 1u 149 157 o 138 143 w 144 122 144 132 112 140 1 2 4 151 36 l34 144 130 93 138 l55 u4 l27 121 150 l58 9928 9930 97.76 9931 95.90 99.31 99.24 43 99B 96.7 9934 97.22 96.27 9931 9538 94.62 9855 99.35 99.25 95.28 99.17 99.33 937 47 I I12 83 112 108 104 83 117 105 109 78 79 84 79 82 73 74 79 79 80 79 75 82 yo w , us ACREE 11.61 20.48 11.61 13.89 1731 1205 8.33 11.97 1238 12.84 71.79 62.03 75.00 n.2 31.71 50.68 70.27 69.62 73.42 48.75 6835 52.00 26.83 143 104 144 137 128 110 122 149 139 141 53 61 46 46 94 73 55 54 52 78 55 71 144 108 145 139 133 111 123 150 140 1 4 2 97 97 101 96 106 98 93 98 97 104 97 106 9931 30 9931 9856 96.24 99.10 99.19 9933 99.29 9930 54.64 62.89 4554 47.92 88.68 74.49 59.14 55.10 53.61 75.00 56.70 73 90.57 48 1 Movement 10 Non-Alien 10 9 7 12 16 l3 13 14 19 12 14 14 14 13 15 9 15 11 14 l3 15 1 2 9 13 9 13 12 14 11 6 12 13 14 13 13 120 119 116 110 104 122 118 111 99 119 114 110 111 124 125 92 100 111 106 111 106 106 108 96 119 120 117 111 116 47 122 113 114 123 73 8.33 7.56 6.03 10.91 15.38 10.66 11.02 12.61 19.19 10.08 12.28 12.73 12.61 10.48 1 2 .00 9.78 15.00 9.91 13.21 11.71 14.15 11.32 8.33 13.54 7.56 10.83 10.26 12.61 9.48 12.77 9.84 11.50 12.28 10.57 17.81 152 152 146 142 131 152 148 143 117 154 146 143 145 159 158 122 127 145 138 142 139 138 140 127 150 151 147 143 146 53 152 145 149 158 88 153 152 147 143 u4 152 148 144 122 154 148 144 146 159 159 122 128 145 139 143 140 138 140 128 151 152 147 144 147 57 154 146 150 158 93 99.35 100.00 99.32 9930 97.76 100.00 100.00 9931 95.90 100.00 98.65 99.31 99.32 100.00 99.37 100.00 B.22 100.00 B.28 B . 30 B.29 100.00 100.00 B.22 B.34 B.34 100.00 8.31 B.32 Z.98 98.70 8.32 B.33 100.00 M.62 49 14 10 12 10 l3 l3 10 12 14 15 14 13 11 15 14 11 l2 14 14 l3 l3 17 11 13 11 10 14 12 12 13 13 14 14 14 14 124 80 121 120 124 120 121 90 119 121 125 125 114 104 105 12 2 121 97 124 117 121 86 118 108 115 116 111 123 117 123 112 123 112 112 123 50 11.29 12.50 9.92 8.33 10.48 10.83 8.26 13.33 11.76 12.40 11.20 10.40 9.65 14.42 13.33 9.02 9.92 14.43 11.29 11.11 10.74 19.77 9.32 12.04 9.57 8.62 12.61 9.76 10.26 10.57 11.61 1 1 .38 12.50 12.50 11.38 155 101 w 150 156 152 150 120 145 153 155 159 144 133 133 152 154 126 156 147 155 110 150 140 146 147 143 157 149 157 140 153 143 144 154 156 102 155 150 156 152 150 121 147 154 155 160 144 l36 134 153 154 127 156 148 156 116 150 141 147 147 144 158 149 157 141 153 144 145 154 9936 99.02 99.35 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 99.17 98.64 99.35 100.00 99.38 100.00 97.79 99.25 9935 100.00 99.21 100.00 99.32 9936 94.83 100.00 99.29 9932 100.00 99.31 99.37 100.00 100.00 39.29 100.00 B.31 B.31 1 00.00 14 15 12 12 12 11 14 14 13 16 11 l3 9 14 11 11 12 15 11 11 14 l3 12 9 10 13 14 12 121 108 97 121 114 119 121 105 121 123 83 124 102 122 116 112 117 119 120 123 118 123 118 121 123 99 120 11.57 13.89 12.37 9.92 10.53 9.24 11.57 13.33 10.74 13.01 13.2 5 10.48 9.38 13.73 9.02 9.48 10.71 12.82 9.24 9.17 11.38 11.02 9.76 7.63 8.26 10.57 14.14 10.00 153 137 129 153 147 152 151 136 153 153 110 152 122 136 149 147 144 149 152 154 154 153 154 149 152 157 128 151 154 139 130 153 147 153 152 137 153 155 111 152 1 23 137 152 147 146 150 152 w 154 153 155 149 153 158 130 152 99.35 98.56 99.23 100.00 100.00 99.35 99.34 99.27 100.00 98.71 99.10 100.00 99.19 99.27 98.03 100.00 98.63 99.33 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 99.35 100.00 99.35 99.37 98.46 99.34 51 and Ot 84 79 7 8 79 80 82 84 79 82 73 ers Gra 45.24 40.51 71.79 62.03 52.50 40.24 75.00 77.22 31.71 50.68 84 86 53 61 73 86 46 46 94 73 108 105 97 97 103 106 101 106 98 77.78 81.90 54.64 62.89 70.87 81.13 45.54 47.92 88.68 74.49 52 77 74 79 86 79 84 80 79 75 80 82 89 42 . 86 70.27 69.62 22.09 73.42 40.48 48.75 68.35 52.00 40.00 26.83 82.02 81 55 54 110 52 89 78 55 71 86 96 39 101 93 98 116 97 110 104 97 105 106 101 80.20 59.14 55.10 94.83 53.61 80.91 75.00 56.70 73 81.90 90.57 38.61 53 Appendix B 1) NATO: Percent Coinciden c es with U.S. and USSR ament I 14 20 17 15 22 17 15 15 14 23 16 17 18 solutions On1 71.43 50.00 82.35 7333 22.73 35.29 7333 60.00 71.43 34.78 6250 58.82 55.56 16 24 l2 16 33 27 17 16 16 31 18 21 22 21 29 24 22 33 29 23 21 21 35 23 26 27 13 23 5652 2) Non-A l igned Movement: Percent Coincidences withU.S. and USSR lent Res 29 27 26 26 29 30 30 29 28 29 54 lutions Only 10.34 3.70 0.00 7.69 13.79 1333 1333 13.79 17.86 13.79 76.19 82.76 50.00 72.73 100.00 93.10 73.91 76.19 76.19 88.57 78.26 80.77 81.48 39 38 36 37 41 40 41 40 39 41 39 38 36 37 41 40 41 40 39 41 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 3 4 4 4 5 3 4 4 5 4 5 5 2 4 1 3 5 4 2 0 2 4 5 4 1 5 0 3 2 3 4 3 4 4 5 30 29 29 30 31 m 29 26 30 29 28 30 28 29 27 29 30 30 28 1 27 29 30 3 0 9 31 1 29 28 29 30 29 25 30 30 55 10.00 13.79 13.79 13.33 16.13 15.00 13.79 15.38 16.67 13.79 17.86 16.67 7.14 13.79 3.70 10.34 16.67 13.33 7.14 0.00 7.41 13.79 16.67 1333 11.11 16.13 0.00 10.34 7.14 10.34 13.33 10.34 16.00 13.33 16.67 42 40 41 42 42 29 40 39 42 41 40 42 40 41 37 39 40 41 38 1 37 41 42 42 11 43 1 40 35 41 40 38 36 40 41 42 40 41 42 42 29 40 39 42 41 40 42 40 41 37 39 40 41 38 1 37 41 42 42 11 43 1 40 35 41 40 38 36 40 41 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100. 0 0 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 4 4 4 3 5 3 3 4 5 4 4 5 3 4 3 3 4 3 3 4 3 4 4 4 5 5 5 3 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 30 30 30 29 30 29 29 29 30 30 29 27 27 31 28 29 30 29 28 30 29 29 30 30 31 30 31 25 30 29 30 30 26 30 31 56 13.33 13.33 13.33 10.34 16.67 10.34 10.34 13.79 16.67 13.33 13.79 18.52 11.11 12.90 10.71 10.34 13.33 10.34 10.71 13.33 10.34 13.79 13.33 13.33 16.13 16.67 1 6.13 12.00 13.33 u.79 13.33 16.67 19.23 16.67 16.13 39 43 41 41 42 38 40 40 42 40 41 39 37 43 39 38 42 41 40 42 38 39 41 41 42 41 43 37 41 41 43 41 38 40 42 39 43 41 41 42 38 40 40 42 40 41 39 37 43 39 38 42 41 40 42 38 39 41 41 42 41 43 37 41 41 43 41 38 40 42 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 5 3 5 5 2 2 3 5 3 3 4 5 4 3 2 3 4 2 3 29 29 30 30 27 27 30 31 29 29 30 31 30 29 28 29 30 28 29 10.34 16.67 16.67 7.41 7.41 10.00 16.13 10.34 10.34 13.33 16.13 1333 10.34 7.14 10.34 13.33 7.14 10.34 39 38 41 42 37 36 41 43 39 40 39 43 40 39 38 41 42 37 39 38 41 42 37 36 42 43 39 40 39 43 40 39 38 41 42 37 38 3 Non-Aligned Movement: Percent Coincidences with U.S. and USSR I ternatia 6 7 7 7 4 7 7 7 3 a1 Regulatioi 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 Zesolu tic 7 8 8 8 4 8 8 8 4 is Only ym V()rni 7 8 8 8 4 8 8 8 4 100.00 100.0 100.00 100.00 100.00 97.62 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 57 6 6 7 6 7 7 6 7 7 6 7 7 5 4 7 7 7 7 6 7 4 7 7 5 7 6 7 7 7 7 7 6 7 7 7 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 6 6 8 8 8 8 7 8 6 8 8 7 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 7 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 6 6 8 8 8 8 7 8 6 8 8 7 a 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 a 7 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.60 100 . 00 100.00 iOo.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 58 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 6 7 7 6 7 7 6 6 7 6 7 7 6 7 6 3 7 7 7 7 7 7 6 59 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0 .00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 7 8 8 7 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 7 8 7 4 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 7 8 8 7 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 7 8 7 4 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.0 0 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 7 2 7 4 6 6 7 7 7 7 7 6 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 8 3 8 5 8 7 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 3 8 5 8 7 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 4) Islamic Conference: Percent Coincidences with U.S. and USSR Cxcluded 87 87 86 87 88 90 91 80 60 2.30 8.05 8.14 9.m 9 . 09 8.89 9.89 11.25 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 116 116 112 1l3 123 108 114 104 116 116 112 ll3 123 108 114 104 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100. 0 0 100.00 100.00 37 89 87 89 93 62 92 88 88 82 94 85 91 87 88 88 87 89 86 85 92 90 85 92 67 70 68 67 40 68 69 64 67 61 11.49 6.74 9.m 8.99 11.83 6.45 7.61 6.82 5.68 13.41 8.51 9.41 4.40 5.75 6.82 7.95 6.90 7.87 6.98 11.76 8.70 7.78 8.24 10.87 13.43 8.57 5. 8 8 10.45 42.50 8.82 10.14 6.25 4.48 111 114 113 116 im im 74 118 114 109 119 108 116 113 m 114 110 114 104 117 118 117 111 116 117 116 113 116 65 120 118 113 116 111 114 113 117 120 74 120 118 114 111 119 108 117 114 im 114 111 114 105 117 118 117 111 116 1 17 116 116 116 75 im 118 113 117 100.00 100.00 100.00 99.15 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 98.20 100.00 100.00 99.15 99.12 100.00 100.00 99.10 100.00 99.05 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 97.41 100.00 86.67 100.00 100.00 100.00 99.15 5 Arab Group: Percent Coincidences with U.S. and USSR when Resolutions on the 4 10 6 5 11 8 8 4 7 6 6 8 7 9 6 4 7 7 4 3 wab-Is 91 86 88 90 88 94 83 91 87 84 81 92 90 90 93 91 88 92 81 90 ieli Conflict i 5.81 4.55 2.22 7.95 4.26 4.82 1.10 4.60 3.57 3.70 3.2 6 3.33 4.44 3.23 2.m 455 3.26 1.15 1.11 Exclude 111 114 114 109 119 108 116 114 110 104 118 117 117 116 113 116 118 113 116 6) Africa: Percent Coincidences with U.S. and USSR when Resolutions on Southern Africa are E 111 114 114 111 119 10s 117 114 iii 105 118 117 117 ii6 116 116 118 113 117 100.00 100.00 100.00 98.20 100.00 100.00 99.15 100.00 99.10 99.05 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 97.41 100.00 100.00 100.00 99.15 eluded 123 118 126 123 130 129 123 119 126 124 130 130 100.00 99.16 100.00 99.19 100.00 99.2 3 62 12 10 14 13 12 7 12 l3 10 4 9 12 11 11 14 8 13 12 13 7 9 12 10 10 12 9 6 10 11 l3 10 10 10 14 12 83 89 88 92 86 85 79 94 36 99 94 94 100 102 62 98 92 84 99 99 86 98 96 94 95 93 96 100 98 82 93 98 100 98 63 14.46 11.24 15.91 14.13 13.95 8.24 15.19 13.5 4 10.64 11.11 9.09 12.77 11.70 11.00 13.73 12.90 13.27 13.04 15.48 7.07 9.09 l3.95 10.20 10.42 12.77 9.47 6.45 10.42 11.00 13.27 12.m 1o.m 10.75 14.00 12.24 104 117 114 117 112 111 104 im 118 43 123 120 123 129 128 77 124 117 106 123 126 109 126 122 120 12 0 118 122 128 125 108 120 125 124 124 105 117 115 118 112 111 105 120 119 45 125 121 124 129 129 78 125 119 107 124 126 110 127 122 121 121 118 122 128 125 109 im 126 125 124 99.05 100.00 99.13 99.15 100.00 100.00 99.05 100.00 99.16 95.56 98.40 99.17 99.19 100.00 99.22 98.72 99.20 98.32 99.07 99.19 100.00 99.09 99.21 100.00 99.17 99.17 l00.dO 100.00 100.00 100.00 99.08 100.00 99.21 99.20 100.00 12 12 10 9 12 10 9 86 93 98 97 81 97 98 8.91 13.95 12.90 10.20 9.28 14.81 10.31 9.18 114 119 125 125 105 122 124 1 2 3 115 121 125 125 106 123 1 100.00 99.13 9835 100.00 100.00 99.06 99.19 100.00 64 Res. No Procedural vote 4313 43/21 43154A 43/54 43154B 43157A 43157D 43157E 43157F 431576 431578 431571 431575 43158A Appendix C List of All Resolutions of the 43rd General A ssembly Decided byYes/No Votes Broken Down by Topics Arab-Israeli Issues Vote Result Resolution Title yes-no-abstain B-41-7 146-2-0 130-2-16 103-18-30 7 1-a-42 83-21-45 U-0-1 B-0-1 152-2-0 130-212-3 129-2-23 124-2-25 151-2-1 152-2-0 106-2-43 Vote to table motion on denying the credentials of the Israeli delegation.

Co-operation between the United Nations and the League of Arab States The uprising (intifadah) of the Palestinian people.

The situation in the Middle East 10th Operative Paragraph.

The situation in the Middle East.

United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East Assistance to Palestine refugees Offers by Member States of grants and scholarships for higher education, including vocational training, for Palestine re fugees Palestine refugees in the Palestinian territory occupied by Israel since 19

67. I Resumption of the ration distribution to Palestine refugees The return of population and refugees displaced since 1967 Revenues derived from Palestine refugee propert ies Protection of Palestine refugees University of Jerusalem Al-Quds for Palestine Refugees.

Report of the Special Committee to Investigate Israeli Practices Affecting the Human Rights of the Population of the Occupied Territories 1 The U.S. vote is indic ated by underline 65 43/58A 43/58B 43/58D 43158G 43/80 43/80 43/80 43/80 43/80 43/80 431175A 43/175B 431 175 C 431176 431177 431178 Res. No 43/12 43/29 80-23-45) 6th Operative Paragraph lmO 1st Operative Paragraph 150-2-0 147-2-3 99-2-5 1) Israeli nuclear armament 90-B-35) 6th Preambular Paragraph 78-a-42) 9th Preambular Paragraph 9 14-35) 2nd Operative Paragraph 82-a-35) 5th Operative Paragraph 81-a-39) 6th Operative Paragraph 123-2-20) Question of Palestine 123-2-20) Question of Palestine 127-2-17) Quest i on of Palestine 138-2-2) Question of Palestine 104-2-36) Question of Palestine 118-14-13 Assistance to the Palestinian people South Atkican and Namibian Issues Vote Result Resolution Title Qes-no-abstain 140-1-0 133-9-14 Co-operation between the United Na tions and the Organization of African Unity.

Activities of foreign economic and other interests which are impeding the implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples in Namibia and in all OtherTerritorie s under Colonial domina tion and efforts to eliminate colonialism apartheid and racial discrimination in southern Africa 43/50A 13 1-3-2 1) Policies of apartheid of the Government of South Africa International solidarity with the liberation struggle in So u th Africa 2 The U.S. later abstained on the full resolution 66 43/50B 43/50C 43/50C 43/50C 43/50D 43/50E 43/50F 43/50H 431505 43/50K 43/71B 43/92 43/92 43/92 43/97 43/97 43/97 43/97 43/97 43/97 123-2-29 123-12-19 504-43 82-22-3 1 136-4-14 106-23-26 144-1- 9 132-1-21 138-2-14 149-2-2 138-4-12 129-B17 82-2-37 84-2-36 128-1-26 1 18-u-16 122-15-15 1 ig-u-ii 123-&19 126-15-1 1 Military collaboration with South Africa Mandatory sanctions 3rd Operative Paragraph 6th Operative Paragraph Imposition, co-ordination an d strict monitoring of measures against racist South Africa Relations between South Africa and Israel Programme of work of the Special Committee against Apartheid Dissemination of information against the policies of apartheid of the regime of racist South Africa Oil embargo against South Africa Concerted international action for the elimination of apartheid Nuclear capability of South Africa.

Adverse consequences for the enjoyment of human rights of political, military economic and other forms of assistance given to the racist and colonialist regime of South Africa 1 lth Preambular Paragraph 3rd Operative Paragraph.

Status of the International Convention on the Suppression and Punishment of the Crime of Apartheid 4th Preambular Paragraph 6th Preambular Para graph 6th Operative Paragraph 7th Operative Paragraph 10th Operative Paragraph 67 Disarmament Issues Res No 43/23 43/63A 431638 43/64 43/66 43/68 43/70 43/70 43/70 43/70 43/75G 43/75H 43/755 43/75L 43/75N 43/750 43/75Q 43/76A 43/76B Vote Result yes-no-abs tain 144-1-7 136-4-13 127-321 146-2-6 u4-3-34 117-lz- 16 154-1-0 138-1-13 139-1-1 1 139-1-13 M-0-10 131-2-20 1 16-2-29 152-1-1 141-1-9) m-0-46 U-1-10 m-1-21 135-2-3 Resolution Title Zone of peace and co-operation of the South Atlantic.

Cessation of all nuclear-test explosions.

Cessation of all nuclear-test explosions.

Urgent need for a comprehensive nuclear test ban treaty.

Establishment of a nuclear weapon free zone in South Asia.

Conclusion of effective international arrangements on the strengthening of the security of non-nuclear-weapon States against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons.

Prevention of an arms race in outer space 1 lth Preambular Paragraph 18th Preambular Paragraph 8th Operative Paragraph Objective informat ion on military matters Implementation of General Assembly resolutions in the field of disarmament Prohibition of the development, produc tion, stockpiling and use of radiological weapons Naval armaments and disarmament Comprehensive United Nations study on nuclear weapons Bilateral nuclear-arms negotiations Prohibition of the dumping of radioactive wastes for hostile purposes.

Review and implementation of the Concluding Document of theTwelfth Special Session of the General Assembly Disarmament and interna tional security Nuclear-arms freeze 68 43/76E 43/77A 43f78B 43/78C 43l78E 43/78F 43f78.l 43f78M 43/81B 43/82 43/88 43/89 133-12-4 129-3 14 128-12-6 136-1-13 135&-5 136-3-14 143-1-9 136-3-14 150-LO U-0-11 128-1-22 97-3-45 Convention on the Prohibition of t he Use of Nuclear Weapons.

Review of the implementation of the recommendations and decisions adopted by the General Assembly at its fifteenth special session Scientific and technological developments and their impact on inter national security.

Review of the implementation of the recommendations and decisions adopted by the General Assembly at its tenth special session Non-use of nuclear weapons and prevention of nuclear war International cooperation for disarmament Cessation of the nuclear-arms race and n uclear disarmament Prevention of nuclear war Economic and social consequences of the armaments race and its extremely harmful effects on world peace and security Report of the Conference on Disarma ment Verification in all its aspects Study on the role of the United Nations in the field of verification.

Implementation of the conclusions of the Third Review Conference of the Parties to theTreaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and establishment of a Preparatory Committee for the Fourth Review Conference.

Review of the implementation of the Declaration on the-Strengthening. of International Security.

Comprehensive approach to strengthening international peace and security in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations 69 Res. No 43/18 43/6 0A 43/60B 431187 431195 431198 43/460 Res. No 4311 1 43/19 43/25 43/30 43/45 43/46 43/47 Economic Development and International Regulation Issues Vote Result Resolution Title yes-no-abstain 135-2-6 128-8-16 141-1-11 127-E!-5 128-1-21 150-1-1 123-1-0 Vote Result Law of the Sea.

Questions relating to information.

Questions relating to information.

International conference on money and finance.

International co-operation for the eradica tion of poverty in developing countries.

External debt crisis and development towards a durable solution of the debt problems.

Special session of the General Assembly devoted to international economic coopera tion, in particular to the revitalization of economic growth and development of the developing countries.

Other Issues Resolution Title Qes-no-abstain 89-2-48) Judgement of the International Court of Justice of 27 June 1986 concerning military and paramilitary activities in and against Nicaragua: need for immediate compliance n-19-13) The s ituation in Kampuchea U-5-37 124-4-27 Question of the Falkland Islands.

Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples by the specialized agencies and the international institutions associated with the United Nations 147-2-7 149-2-5 135-1-20 Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples.

Dissemination of information on decolonization.

International Decade for the Eradication of Colonialism 70 43/48 43/49 15 1-2-1 154-2-1 43186 (127-1-24 431106 (124-515 431107 431107 431107 4311 13 431113 431124 431125 431137 431146 43/156 43/163 431163 125-lQ-21 127-11 15 123-6-21 132-1-23 133-1-16 129-24- 1 130-1-25 a-25-44 154-1-2 130-fi-9 1 18 22)3 121-19-10 Repo rt of the Committee on Relations with the Host Country.

Report of the Committee on Relations with the Host Country.

Need for a result-oriented political dialogue to improve the international situation.

Importance of the universal realization of the right of peoples to self-determination and of the speedy granting of independence to colonial countries and peoples for the effective guarantee and observance of human rights.

Use of mercenaries as a means to violate human rights and to impede the exercise of the right of peoples to self-determination 5th Preambular Paragraph 11th Operative Change of wording.

Indivisibility and interdependence of economic, social, cultural, civil and political rights. 8th Preambular Paragraph.

The impact of property on the enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms.

Alternative approaches and ways and means within the United Nations system for improving the effective enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms.

Situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran.

Measures to improve the situation and ensure the human rights and dignity of all Improvement of social life 4th Operative Paragraph 5th Operative Paragraph migrant workers 3 The U.S. later abstained on the full resol ution 4 The U.S. later abstained on the full resolution 71 431164 43/171A 431171A 431171B 431185 431228 431229 431410 431413 Res No 43113 43114 43/22 43126A 43126B 43126C 43126D 1374-13) a-9-65 1 14-a-17 1 11-a-19 124-8-22 m-1-8 128-u-15 Draft Code of Cri mes against the Peace and Security of Mankind.

Development and strengthening of good neighbourliness between States.

Last Preambular Paragraph 5th Operative Paragraph.

Development and strengthening of good neighbourliness between States.

Trade embargo against Nicaragua.

Financing of the United Nations Dis engagement Observer Force.

Financing of the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon.

Military activities and arrangements by colonial Powers in Territories under their administration which might be i mpeding the implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples 123-2-30) Question of St. Helena Issues on which the U.S. Abstained Vote Result Resolution Title yes-no-abstain 146-0-2 Pretorias racial munici pal elections 127-1-25 1 18-0-22 130-0-22 Question of the Comorian island of Mayotte.

Right of peoples to peace.

Question of Namibia Situation in Namibia resulting from the illegal occupation of the Territory by South Africa Implementation of Security Council resolution 435 (1978 Programme of work of the United Nations Council for Namibia Dissemination of informatio n and mobilization of international public opinion in support of the immediate independence of Namibia 14O-O-Ll 147-0-4 129-0-23 72 43/26E 43/28 43/33 43/54c 43/58B 43/58C 43/58E 43/58F 43/69 43/71A 43/72 43/75A 43/73 43/75K 43/75s 43/75T 43/76C 43/77B 43/ 78D 431781 148-0-3 (154-0-2 86-0-53 143-2-2 148-1-9 149-1-2 152-1-1 152-0-3 14943 151-0-4 152-0-2 141-0-2 1 10-2-a 144-1-2 125-0-23 141-04 144-0-la 152-0-2 145-0-9 96-0-53 United Nations Fund for Namibia.

Information from Non-Self-Governing Territories transmitted under Article 73e of the Charter of the United Nations.

Question of Western Sahara.

The situation in the Middle East II 11 I1 Conclusion of effective international arrangements to assure non-nuclear-weapon States against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons.

Implementation of the Declaration on the Denuclearization of Africa Implementa tion of the Declaration.

Prohibition of the development and manufacture of new types of weapons of mass destruction and new systems of such weapons.

Gene ral and Complete Disarmament Bilateral Nuclear Arms Negotiations International arms transfers Prohibition of the production of fission able material for weapons purposes Conventional disarmament on a regional scale Dumping of radioactive wastes World Disa r mament Campaign Third special session of the General Assembly devoted to disarmament Climatic effects of nuclear war, including nuclear winter: report of the Secretary General Report of the Conference on Disarma ment 73 43/87 431110 431158 431162 431163 4 31182 431197 431209 Res. No 43183A 43183B 431126 128-0-24 Tenth anniversary of the adoption of the Declaration on the Preparation of Societies for Life in Peace 133-0-24 97-1-S 129-0-a Human rights and scientific and techno logical developments.

Situation of human rights and fundamental freedoms in Chile.

Progressive development of the principles and norms of international law relating to the new international economic order.

Peaceful settlement of disputes between States.

Preparations for an international develop ment strategy for the fourth United Nations development decade.

Fulfillment of the target for official develop ment assistance.

Special assistance to front-line States 132-0-22 15 1-0-1 148-0-1 152-0-1 Issues onWhich the U.S. did Not Participa te or was Absent Vote Result Resolution Title yes-no-abstain 100-0-6)5 Question of Antarctica 111-o-10)6 Question of Antarctica 135-8-14)7 Alternative approaches and ways and means within the United Nations system for improving the effective enjoyment of h uman rights and fundamental freedoms 5 The U.S. declared that it was not participating in vote 6 The U.S. declared that it was not participating in vote 7 The U.S. was absent from wte 74 Appendix D Key Issues: List and Definitions The U.S. Department of S t ate each year identifies key issues on the U.N. agenda. Key issues are those which the U.S. government takes up with U.N. member countries not only at the U.N but also in their capitals. For the purposes of the Kasten Report, the State Department chooses t he ten most important of these key issues and presents nations voting records on them. Appendix E shows each countrys votes on the seven of the ten key issues decided by a vote (three were decided by consensus) and shows the total agreement and disagreeme n t with the U.S. on the key issues. The following is a list of the ten key issues for the 43rd General Assembly as determined by the State Department 1) The procedural vote on Israeli credentials is the annual attempt to exclude Israel from participation i n the General Assembly 2. Resolution 43/11, Judgement of the International Court of Justice of 27 June 1986 concerning military and paramilitary activities in and against Nicaragua: need for immediate compliance, is the Nicaraguan-sponsored resolution that calls on the U.S. to comply with the International Court of Justice decision which purports to make U.N.

General Assembly resolutions customary international law, and thus legally binding 3) Resolution 43/19, The situation in Kampuchea, calls for the withdrawal of all foreign forces from Cambodia, also known as Kampuchea 4) Resolution 43/137, Situation of hu m an rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran, is critical of human rights practices in Iran 5) Resolution 43/177, Question of Palestine, implicitly recognizes the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) as a legitimate state by changing the designation of th e PLO observer mission to the observer mission of Palestine 6) Resolution 43/89, Comprehensive approach to strengthening international peace and security in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations, is the Soviet-sponsored resolution calling for w i derue of the U.N. to establish international peace and security on a comprehensive basis 7) Resolution 43/198, External debt crisis and development: towards a durable solution of the debt problems, calls for massive loan forgiveness to Third World debtor n ations and for measures that could undermine current efforts by the International Monetary Fund and World Bank 8) .Resolution 43E0, The situation in Afghanistan and its implications for hternational peace and security, calls for continuation of the proces s of withdrawal of foreign troops from Afghanistan 9) Resolution 43/157, Enhancing the effectiveness of the principle of periodic and genuine elections, is the U.S.-sponsored resolution expressing the need for free and fair elections in all nations 10) Res olution 43/214, Proposed programme budget outline for the biennium 1990-1991 and use and operation of the contingency fund, is the annual resolution approving the Secretary-Generals outline for the U.N. budget 75 76 77 78 79 80 81

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