September 3, 1986
By Juliana Geran
FOVP STEPS FOR. HALTING U.N.-BASED SPYING AGAINST THE UNITED
A large contingent of Soviet and Soviet bloc personnel connected
with the U.N. collects such material. Zakharov, for example, was
arrested and is being charged for obtaining data on precision
aircraft engine components, radar parts, rob otics, and artificial
intelligence computer programs. In exchange, he paid $35,000.
Soviet bloc U.N.-based espionage also reaches across the U.S. To
deal with this, Congress recently passed the Roth-Hyde Amendment to
the Foreign Missions Act of 1982. The Amendment subjects most U.N.
Soviet bloc personnel, as well as those from Iran and Libya, to the
same travel restrictions that apply to their respective nationals
in diplomatic-missions-. This means that future Zakharovs or East
Germans .or other Soviet b loc citizens working for the U.N. are
limited to a radius of 25 miles around New York City. Because it is
very difficult for the U. ' S. to m'onitor these movements, the
terms of the Amendment probably are violated frequently.
To help control the damage in flicted on the U.S. by spies based
at the U.N., at least four steps are needed: o Limit all Soviet
bloc diplomats and'U.N. employees to the five boroughs of New York
City. This would make it more difficult for them to elude the
o U.N. Secretary-Gener al Javier Perez de Cuellar should appoint
a committee to address the issue and should consult with the FBI on
how best to fight the problem. Misuse of the U.N. by spies is a
U.N. problem which the U.N. should help solve. Article 100 of the
U.N. Charter sp ecifically prohibits espionage by U.N. employees by
barring them from seeking or receiving instructions from any
o Congress should hold hearings to determine the extent of the
espionage problem in the U.N. and should then,appoint a committee
to estimate how to address the problem. The FBI's budget should be
increased to allow more effective counterespionage operations on
o Congress should consider cutting the U.S. contribution to the
U.N. by the amount the U.S. must spend to protect itself from
Juliana Geran Pilon, Ph.D. Senior Policy Analyst
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