China's investment in the U.S. and around the world saw moderate growth in the first half of 2013. The China Global Investment Tracker created by The Heritage Foundation is the only publicly available, comprehensive dataset of large Chinese investments and contracts worldwide (excluding bonds). Details are available on over 900 attempted transactions -- failed and successful – valued at more than $100 million in all industries, including energy, mining, transportation and finance.
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China’s Global Investment Rises: The U.S. Should Focus on Competition
China’s 2012 outbound investment set new records. North America jumped to the forefront of Chinese business activity, but this is likely to be temporary: Chinese enterprises move as a group from region to region. Energy and metals draw the most money. The outlook for Chinese investment is positive, but setbacks will continue to occur, due in part to foreign suspicion of state firms. The U.S. should formulate policy to ensure competition, with the Chinese firms that come here, in the Chinese market, and around the world through the Trans-Pacific Partnership and other agreements that liberalize market access.
Chinese Outward Investment: Acceleration Features the U.S.
Chinese outward investment strengthened in the first half of 2012. The leading recipient of new Chinese investment was the U.S., recovering sharply from a very weak 2011. Unsurprisingly, energy is still the main target for investment but, in addition, transportation construction contracts are prominent while investment in the financial sector receded. The best policy for the U.S. is to continue to outpace China by opening markets around the world to American investors.
Chinese Outward Investment: More Opportunity Than Danger
Chinese investment is not taking the world by storm financially, nor will it in the near future. It does not pose a major threat to the U.S., either in the purchase of American assets or expansion of Chinese influence around the globe. At home, U.S. policy concerning Chinese investment should be more transparent. Overseas, the best reply is to expand American commercial influence--for instance, through free trade agreements. These steps will help to create more economic opportunities in the U.S. and enhance America's global position.