Issue Brief posted November 9, 2016
President Obama Should Push for Greater Transatlantic Security During Berlin Visit
President Obama will travel to Europe from November 15–18, starting in Greece before traveling to Germany. In his sixth visit to Germany, Obama will meet with Chancellor Angela Merkel, as well as the leaders of France, Italy, and the United Kingdom.
Germany is an important security partner of the United States and the largest economy in Europe. Because decisions made by…
Special Report posted September 12, 2016
Understanding Russia’s Concept for Total War in Europe
In the night of February 26 to 27, 2014, small groups of armed men, who later acquired the labels “little green men,” and even “polite green men” (which were anything but), appeared across Crimea. They corralled Ukrainian forces in their bases, making it plain that any attempt to leave would be met with violence; they took over communications masts and studios,…
Issue Brief posted July 7, 2016
Eight Essential Issues for the 2016 NATO Summit in Warsaw
The 2016 NATO Summit will be held on July 8 and 9 in Warsaw. This is a critical time for the Alliance. In 2014, Russia invaded Ukraine, forcefully changing the borders of Europe for the first time since 1945. This invasion jarred many in Western Europe and the U.S. who had viewed Russia through rose-colored glasses even after the invasion of Georgia in 2008.
Issue Brief posted July 5, 2016
NATO Summit 2016: The Alliance Must Deepen the NATO–Ukraine Partnership
The upcoming NATO summit in Warsaw is an opportunity for the alliance to provide realistic and meaningful support to Ukraine. It has been over 28 months since Russia invaded Ukraine. Since that time, Russia has annexed Crimea, consolidated its position in the Black Sea, and created a frozen conflict in eastern Ukraine. Russia’s invasion has cost 10,000 lives and…
Issue Brief posted June 24, 2016
NATO Summit 2016: Why the Alliance Cannot Afford to Ignore Turkey
With a focus on Russia’s actions in the Baltic region and Eastern Europe, the July NATO summit in Warsaw, Poland, offers an opportunity for NATO to re-focus on another area of recent Russian saber rattling, along Turkey’s borders. NATO needs to agree to a strategy that ensures that its southeastern flank remains secure and recognizes the vital role that Turkey plays for…
Issue Brief posted June 17, 2016
NATO Summit 2016: NATO Must Reaffirm Its “Open Door” Policy
NATO has underpinned Europe and North America’s security for more than 67 years, so it is no surprise that many countries in the transatlantic region that are not already members want to join the alliance. NATO’s “open door” policy is critical to mobilizing Europe and its allies around a collective transatlantic defense. The U.S. should use the 2016 Warsaw summit in early…
Issue Brief posted June 14, 2016
NATO Summit 2016: Keeping Georgia on the Membership Track
The early July NATO summit in Warsaw, Poland, offers an opportunity for the alliance to thank Georgia for its contribution in Afghanistan, congratulate Georgia on its military reforms, and lay the groundwork for deeper cooperation paving the way to eventual membership.
The U.S. should continue to support Georgia’s NATO aspirations and ensure that the summit delivers a…
Issue Brief posted April 29, 2016
The 1997 NATO–Russia Founding Act Does Not Prohibit Permanent NATO Bases in Eastern Europe
It is widely believed that in 1997, NATO promised Russia that it would not establish permanent military bases in any former Warsaw Pact countries that might someday become NATO members. This is in fact a myth that has been perpetuated by the Kremlin’s propaganda machine, as well as by the lack of diligent research and basic knowledge among commentators, politicians, and…
Issue Brief posted April 22, 2016
Four Priorities for President Obama’s Last Visit to Germany
President Obama is visiting Germany on April 24 and April 25. He will help open the Hannover Messe, a famous industrial trade fair, alongside Chancellor Angela Merkel on Sunday. On Monday, the leaders of France, Italy, Germany, the United Kingdom, and the United States will meet to discuss the migrant crisis and terrorism. Germany is an important security partner of the…
Issue Brief posted April 7, 2016
A Pivotal Time for Ukraine: The U.S. Should Redouble Its Support
Two years after Russia’s annexation of Crimea and invasion of the Donbas region, Ukraine remains a nation in peril. Russia considers its annexation of Crimea a fait accompli, has taken steps to consolidate its position in the Black Sea, and has created a frozen conflict in eastern Ukraine.
Despite an official cease-fire, war is a day-to-day reality in the Donbas region,…
Issue Brief posted February 29, 2016
The U.S. Needs to Get Its Baltic Force Posture Right
The U.S. has a long history of championing the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Baltic states, dating back to the interwar period of the 1920s. Today, U.S. interest in the Baltic region derives primarily from its treaty obligations as part of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
The U.S. needs an enduring presence and a long-term strategy to meet…
Issue Brief posted February 12, 2015
The United States Must Be Ready to Send Weapons to Ukraine
As Russian-backed forces make territorial gains in eastern Ukraine, and as a ceasefire agreement was reached in Minsk, Belarus, between Kyiv and Moscow, there is intense debate in Washington about whether to send weapons to the Ukrainian military. There is no reason to believe that the ceasefire agreement will last when many such agreements have failed in the past. At…