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  • Issue Brief posted September 13, 2016 by Luke Coffey Caspian Sea Ownership: Not an Issue the U.S. Should Ignore

    Since the collapse of the Soviet Union there has been a debate over the legal status of the Caspian Sea: Is it a sea, or is it a lake? And to whom does it belong? The outcome of this debate will have a major impact on the way energy resources are extracted and transported, and by whom—which could have a major impact on U.S. economic and security interests in the region.…

  • Issue Brief posted September 7, 2016 by Luke Coffey, James Phillips U.S. Must Plan Now for the Day Mosul Is Liberated

    The long-delayed military campaign to liberate Mosul from ISIS occupation is in its early stages. However, as the central government in Baghdad and policymakers in the U.S. will soon find out, the military operation will be the easy part. Washington must encourage Baghdad to prepare a post-liberation political framework for Mosul now in order to cement a lasting…

  • Issue Brief posted September 1, 2016 by Joshua Meservey An Approaching Transition in Zimbabwe Requires a U.S. Game Plan

    Zimbabwe has not had a change in leadership since 1980 when now-President Robert Mugabe was elected as Prime Minister. Mugabe’s present physical frailty, however, has touched off an unprecedented succession battle within the ruling Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF) party. Widespread popular demonstrations against the government’s brutality,…

  • Special Report posted August 30, 2016 by James M. Roberts, William T. Wilson, Ph.D., Diane Katz, Anthony B. Kim, Bruce Klingner, David W. Kreutzer, Ph.D., Nicolas Loris, Joshua Meservey, Ambassador Terry Miller, Bryan Riley, Brett D. Schaefer 2017 Global Agenda for Economic Freedom

    Foreword The promotion of economic freedom at home and abroad is essential not only for a genuine and sustained revitalization of the U.S. economy, but also to strengthen U.S. national security. In 2010, the United States fell from the highest category of economically free countries (those with overall scores above 80) in the Index of Economic Freedom. It has been stuck…

  • Issue Brief posted August 19, 2016 by Joshua Meservey Somalia’s Milestone Electoral Process Requires U.S. Scrutiny

    The East African country of Somalia is approaching a milestone in its efforts to emerge from more than two decades of conflict. It is in the midst of an electoral process that will culminate in October with members of the Somali parliament electing a president, the country’s first electoral process since the United States recognized the Federal Republic of Somalia in…

  • Commentary posted July 11, 2016 by Steven P. Bucci, Ph.D. Growing Ballistic Missile Threats Cannot Be Ignored

    China, Russia, Iran, North Korea—all are U.S. adversaries, and all are making remarkable and continual advances in long-range ballistic missile capabilities.  Maintaining and modernizing our upper-tier missile defense system has never been more vital in order for the U.S. to be able to win on the future war landscape. Repeated cuts to the U.S. ballistic missile defense…

  • Issue Brief posted July 7, 2016 by Luke Coffey, Daniel Kochis, Lisa Curtis Eight Essential Issues for the 2016 NATO Summit in Warsaw

    The 2016 NATO Summit will be held on July 8 and 9 in Warsaw. This is a critical time for the Alliance. In 2014, Russia invaded Ukraine, forcefully changing the borders of Europe for the first time since 1945. This invasion jarred many in Western Europe and the U.S. who had viewed Russia through rose-colored glasses even after the invasion of Georgia in 2008. Today,…

  • Commentary posted July 6, 2016 by Peter Brookes Turkey in Islamic State's Sights

    The Islamic State (aka ISIS) strikes again — or so it seems. Although, as of this writing, ISIS hasn’t claimed “credit” for the shooting and bombing at Ataturk International Airport in Istanbul on Tuesday, we do know that innocent Turks and other foreign nationals suffered another brutal terrorist attack. Istanbul airport, where dozens were killed and hundreds injured,…

  • Issue Brief posted July 5, 2016 by Luke Coffey, Daniel Kochis NATO Summit 2016: The Alliance Must Deepen the NATO–Ukraine Partnership

    The upcoming NATO summit in Warsaw is an opportunity for the alliance to provide realistic and meaningful support to Ukraine. It has been over 28 months since Russia invaded Ukraine. Since that time, Russia has annexed Crimea, consolidated its position in the Black Sea, and created a frozen conflict in eastern Ukraine. Russia’s invasion has cost 10,000 lives and…

  • Commentary posted June 24, 2016 by Kim R. Holmes, Ph.D. The New Intolerance: Attorneys General Try to Shut Down Free Speech

    Last week more than a dozen attorneys general gathered in New York.  You might think they were there to discuss how to combat crime, the heroin epidemic… maybe even terrorism.  They weren’t.  Instead they were conferring on how to use the law to punish scientists and researchers who question climate change orthodoxy. That’s right—if your scientific research bucks the…

  • Commentary posted June 24, 2016 by Kim R. Holmes, Ph.D. Why U.S. College Censorship Reminds Me of Authoritarian Regimes

    The one place where freedom of expression and the open mind should prevail is on college campuses, right?  Isn’t that what liberal education is supposed to be about — the free and open inquiry into history, science and the arts in order to understand how humanity has understood itself for millennia? But if that is so, why has the university become its opposite: an…

  • Issue Brief posted June 24, 2016 by Luke Coffey NATO Summit 2016: Why the Alliance Cannot Afford to Ignore Turkey

    With a focus on Russia’s actions in the Baltic region and Eastern Europe, the July NATO summit in Warsaw, Poland, offers an opportunity for NATO to re-focus on another area of recent Russian saber rattling, along Turkey’s borders. NATO needs to agree to a strategy that ensures that its southeastern flank remains secure and recognizes the vital role that Turkey plays for…

  • Issue Brief posted June 22, 2016 by Luke Coffey, Daniel Kochis NATO Summit 2016: The Alliance Must Defend the Baltic States

    The July NATO summit in Warsaw offers an opportunity to focus on one of the most complex regions the alliance is obligated to defend: the Baltic States. NATO should think strategically and take long-term measures that include the eventual permanent basing of troops in the region, the establishment of a Baltic Air Defense mission, and a commitment to regular training…

  • Commentary posted June 20, 2016 by David Inserra The Terrorist Watch List Explained

    In the aftermath of the Orlando, Fla., terrorist attack, the fact that Omar Mateen was twice investigated by the FBI has many wondering why he was allowed to purchase firearms and why the FBI wasn't aware of his plans for terror. Here are the key details about America's terror watch lists and what they do. WHAT IS THE TERRORIST WATCH LIST? The Terrorism Screening…

  • Issue Brief posted June 20, 2016 by Luke Coffey, Lisa Curtis The President Should Announce U.S. Troop Extension in Afghanistan Before the 2016 NATO Summit

    The 2016 NATO summit will be held on July 8 and 9 in Warsaw, Poland. It will be the first summit since NATO ended its combat operations in Afghanistan in December 2014 and started its Resolute Support mission to train, advise, and assist the Afghan National Defense and Security Forces (ANDSF). President Barack Obama should announce—before the summit—that he will leave in…