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  • Issue Brief posted May 5, 2016 by Luke Coffey Four New Reasons Why the U.S. Must Stay Engaged in the South Caucasus

    Four developments in the South Caucasus merit close attention: Increasing fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the Armenian-occupied Azerbaijani territory of Nagorno–Karabakh; The upcoming referendum in and possible Russian annexation of the Georgian breakaway territory of South Ossetia; The rise of Iranian meddling in the region; and An…

  • Issue Brief posted May 4, 2016 by Joshua Meservey Record-Setting Drought in Africa Requires U.S. Leadership on Disaster Relief

    The latest iteration of El Niño—a recurring weather pattern associated with warmer Pacific Ocean temperatures—is one of the strongest ever recorded. The higher temperatures it has brought, coupled with unusually low rainfall in a number of countries, has since early 2015 created a drought in swathes of Africa more severe than has been seen in decades. The drought has…

  • Issue Brief posted May 4, 2016 by Riley Walters Understanding the Internet of Things

    The term “Internet of Things” (IoT) refers to all electronic devices that are connected and communicate information across a network or networks. Consumers may have experience with IoT technology from the use of wearable devices such as smart watches or fitness trackers. For manufacturers, it is often associated with increased automation (Industry 4.0). The IoT also…

  • Issue Brief posted April 29, 2016 by Luke Coffey, Daniel Kochis The 1997 NATO–Russia Founding Act Does Not Prohibit Permanent NATO Bases in Eastern Europe

    It is widely believed that in 1997, NATO promised Russia that it would not establish permanent military bases in any former Warsaw Pact countries that might someday become NATO members. This is in fact a myth that has been perpetuated by the Kremlin’s propaganda machine, as well as by the lack of diligent research and basic knowledge among commentators, politicians, and…

  • Issue Brief posted April 28, 2016 by Luke Coffey, Daniel Kochis The Role of Sweden and Finland in NATO’s Defense of the Baltic States

    Militarily speaking, the three Baltic States—Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania—are isolated from other NATO members. It would be extremely difficult, but not impossible, for NATO to respond to an incident in the Baltic region without the acquiescence of non-NATO Finland and Sweden. Russia knows this—and exploits this weakness to its advantage. The U.S. must plan for any…

  • Commentary posted April 27, 2016 by Luke Coffey An Ally Reels in the Balkans

    Macedonia is one of the few success stories emerging from the chaos that enveloped the Balkans during the 1990s. Now, however, the country’s political situation is becoming dangerously tense. The political class has been embroiled in a wire-tapping scandal. The main opposition party, led by Zoran Zaev, is exploiting the situation for political gain. At the same time, a…

  • Commentary posted April 26, 2016 by James Jay Carafano, Ph.D., Bridget Mudd How Private Charity Can Help National Security

    Americans have big hearts. They give more than $360 billion every year to good causes. Yet very little of that goes to keeping themselves, their families, communities or country safe from our nation’s enemies. Most Americans figure that defense is the government’s job. And if Washington is not up to the task, well, they don’t imagine that donations can do much to match…

  • Commentary posted April 22, 2016 by Peter Brookes Russia Exercises Need for Speed

    Will someone please call the Kremlin ASAP and ask them to remove all copies of the movie “Top Gunski” from the ready rooms of Russia’s fighter pilots? Their aerial acrobatics are dangerously out of control. Not only is somebody going to get killed unnecessarily, but the jet jocks’ capers could easily precipitate an international crisis — or worse — between two of the…

  • Issue Brief posted April 20, 2016 by James Phillips Obama Needs to Mend Fences at Gulf Cooperation Council Summit

    President Barack Obama will travel to Saudi Arabia to meet with King Salman on Wednesday and with leaders of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) on Thursday. His trip is a follow-up to the May 2015 summit at Camp David that the President convened with leaders of the six GCC member states: Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. President…

  • Backgrounder posted April 14, 2016 by Kim R. Holmes, Ph.D. Memo to a New President: How Best to Organize the National Security Council

    Ever since its creation in 1947, the National Security Council has been the chief vehicle for coordinating national security advice for the President of the United States.[1] Over the years, Presidents have experimented with different NSC structures and organizations with varying degrees of success. They have tried strong advisors and weak ones. They have had small staffs…

  • Issue Brief posted April 7, 2016 by Olivia Enos, James Phillips Next Steps for Addressing ISIS Genocide

    On March 17, 2016, Secretary of State John Kerry declared that the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) had committed genocide against Yazidis, Christians, and Shiite Muslims in Iraq and Syria.[1] The State Department’s decision to label ISIS acts as genocide came on the heels of a “sense of Congress” resolution, passed by the U.S. House of Representatives March 14,…

  • Issue Brief posted April 7, 2016 by Luke Coffey, Daniel Kochis A Pivotal Time for Ukraine: The U.S. Should Redouble Its Support

    Two years after Russia’s annexation of Crimea and invasion of the Donbas region, Ukraine remains a nation in peril. Russia considers its annexation of Crimea a fait accompli, has taken steps to consolidate its position in the Black Sea, and has created a frozen conflict in eastern Ukraine. Despite an official cease-fire, war is a day-to-day reality in the Donbas region,…

  • Issue Brief posted April 7, 2016 by Olivia Enos, Sarah Torre, Ana Quintana Strengthening the End Modern Slavery Initiative (EMSI)

    A complex problem affecting an estimated 21 million people worldwide, human trafficking demands comprehensive solutions to achieve the long-term eradication of slavery. Sex trafficking, labor trafficking, bonded labor, debt bondage, peonage (the involuntary servitude of laborers), and the use of child soldiers—all forms of trafficking according to the U.S. Department of…

  • Play Movie The Closing of the Liberal Mind Video Recorded on April 6, 2016 The Closing of the Liberal Mind

  • Issue Brief posted April 6, 2016 by Luke Coffey The Nagorno–Karabakh Conflict: U.S. Vigilance Required

    The recent outbreak of fighting between Azerbaijan and Armenian military and Armenian-backed militia forces in Azerbaijan’s Nagorno–Karabakh region threatens to destabilize an already fragile region even further. According to media reports, dozens of soldiers from both sides have been killed, and Azerbaijani forces have recaptured some of the territory lost to Armenia in…