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  • Issue Brief posted December 2, 2016 by Riley Walters Cyber Attacks on U.S. Companies in 2016

    This Issue Brief is a continuation of a series of papers on cyber attacks against U.S. companies since 2014[1] and 2015.[2] While the means of cyber attacks vary, the pattern of targets has been relatively consistent. Large databases, as well as point-of-sale systems, continue to be targeted for financial gain. Hackers with possible ties to nation-states continue to…

  • Issue Brief posted November 10, 2016 by Luke Coffey Trump Should Make NATO Great Again

    When President-elect Donald Trump enters office in January 2017 he will inherit a transatlantic security environment with major challenges. Russia has used military force to change borders in Europe—something that has not happened since World War II. Since 2008, it has invaded two of its neighbors and it occupies thousands of square miles of territory in Ukraine and…

  • Issue Brief posted November 9, 2016 by Luke Coffey, Daniel Kochis Greece: Vital Messages Needed on Obama’s Final Trip to Europe

    The White House has announced a short-notice trip to Europe for November 15 to 18. President Barack Obama will start the trip in Greece, where he will meet with President Prokopios Pavlopoulo and Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras before traveling on to Germany. Greece, a NATO member since 1952, hosts an important U.S. naval base at Souda Bay on the island of Crete. In the…

  • Issue Brief posted October 24, 2016 by Ana Quintana The Colombian–FARC Peace Deal: Why It Failed, and How the U.S. Can Support a Responsible Renegotiation

    On October 2, Colombians rejected a peace deal in a popular referendum negotiated by their government and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), a Marxist guerilla group. Intended to bring an end to Colombia’s 52-year war, the pact lost by a razor-thin margin, 50.21 percent to 49.78 percent.[1] While public opinion polls had indicated support for the peace…

  • Issue Brief posted October 20, 2016 by Luke Coffey, Nile Gardiner, Ph.D. The United States Should Not Back a European Union Army

    Out of desperation for European allies to do more to improve their military capabilities, many American policymakers are looking to the European Union as a panacea for Europe’s ills. The belief that a stronger EU role in defense matters will encourage European countries to invest more in defense is based on the false premise that the EU will be able to achieve what NATO…

  • Issue Brief posted September 13, 2016 by Luke Coffey Caspian Sea Ownership: Not an Issue the U.S. Should Ignore

    Since the collapse of the Soviet Union there has been a debate over the legal status of the Caspian Sea: Is it a sea, or is it a lake? And to whom does it belong? The outcome of this debate will have a major impact on the way energy resources are extracted and transported, and by whom—which could have a major impact on U.S. economic and security interests in the region.…

  • Issue Brief posted September 7, 2016 by Luke Coffey, James Phillips U.S. Must Plan Now for the Day Mosul Is Liberated

    The long-delayed military campaign to liberate Mosul from ISIS occupation is in its early stages. However, as the central government in Baghdad and policymakers in the U.S. will soon find out, the military operation will be the easy part. Washington must encourage Baghdad to prepare a post-liberation political framework for Mosul now in order to cement a lasting…

  • Issue Brief posted September 1, 2016 by Joshua Meservey An Approaching Transition in Zimbabwe Requires a U.S. Game Plan

    Zimbabwe has not had a change in leadership since 1980 when now-President Robert Mugabe was elected as Prime Minister. Mugabe’s present physical frailty, however, has touched off an unprecedented succession battle within the ruling Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF) party. Widespread popular demonstrations against the government’s brutality,…

  • Special Report posted August 30, 2016 by James M. Roberts, William T. Wilson, Ph.D., Diane Katz, Anthony B. Kim, Bruce Klingner, David W. Kreutzer, Ph.D., Nicolas Loris, Joshua Meservey, Ambassador Terry Miller, Bryan Riley, Brett D. Schaefer 2017 Global Agenda for Economic Freedom

    Foreword The promotion of economic freedom at home and abroad is essential not only for a genuine and sustained revitalization of the U.S. economy, but also to strengthen U.S. national security. In 2010, the United States fell from the highest category of economically free countries (those with overall scores above 80) in the Index of Economic Freedom. It has been stuck…

  • Issue Brief posted August 19, 2016 by Joshua Meservey Somalia’s Milestone Electoral Process Requires U.S. Scrutiny

    The East African country of Somalia is approaching a milestone in its efforts to emerge from more than two decades of conflict. It is in the midst of an electoral process that will culminate in October with members of the Somali parliament electing a president, the country’s first electoral process since the United States recognized the Federal Republic of Somalia in…

  • Commentary posted July 11, 2016 by Steven P. Bucci, Ph.D. Growing Ballistic Missile Threats Cannot Be Ignored

    China, Russia, Iran, North Korea—all are U.S. adversaries, and all are making remarkable and continual advances in long-range ballistic missile capabilities.  Maintaining and modernizing our upper-tier missile defense system has never been more vital in order for the U.S. to be able to win on the future war landscape. Repeated cuts to the U.S. ballistic missile defense…

  • Issue Brief posted July 7, 2016 by Luke Coffey, Daniel Kochis, Lisa Curtis Eight Essential Issues for the 2016 NATO Summit in Warsaw

    The 2016 NATO Summit will be held on July 8 and 9 in Warsaw. This is a critical time for the Alliance. In 2014, Russia invaded Ukraine, forcefully changing the borders of Europe for the first time since 1945. This invasion jarred many in Western Europe and the U.S. who had viewed Russia through rose-colored glasses even after the invasion of Georgia in 2008. Today,…

  • Commentary posted July 6, 2016 by Peter Brookes Turkey in Islamic State's Sights

    The Islamic State (aka ISIS) strikes again — or so it seems. Although, as of this writing, ISIS hasn’t claimed “credit” for the shooting and bombing at Ataturk International Airport in Istanbul on Tuesday, we do know that innocent Turks and other foreign nationals suffered another brutal terrorist attack. Istanbul airport, where dozens were killed and hundreds injured,…

  • Issue Brief posted July 5, 2016 by Luke Coffey, Daniel Kochis NATO Summit 2016: The Alliance Must Deepen the NATO–Ukraine Partnership

    The upcoming NATO summit in Warsaw is an opportunity for the alliance to provide realistic and meaningful support to Ukraine. It has been over 28 months since Russia invaded Ukraine. Since that time, Russia has annexed Crimea, consolidated its position in the Black Sea, and created a frozen conflict in eastern Ukraine. Russia’s invasion has cost 10,000 lives and…

  • Commentary posted June 24, 2016 by Kim R. Holmes, Ph.D. The New Intolerance: Attorneys General Try to Shut Down Free Speech

    Last week more than a dozen attorneys general gathered in New York.  You might think they were there to discuss how to combat crime, the heroin epidemic… maybe even terrorism.  They weren’t.  Instead they were conferring on how to use the law to punish scientists and researchers who question climate change orthodoxy. That’s right—if your scientific research bucks the…