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  • Backgrounder posted April 20, 2016 by Brett D. Schaefer How to Make the State Department More Effective at Implementing U.S. Foreign Policy

    The next President of the United States will enter office facing as daunting and diverse a set of foreign policy challenges as any President in recent times: Chinese assertiveness in the South China Sea; an unpredictable nuclearized North Korea; Russian belligerence in neighboring nations and renewed influence in the Middle East; Iranian hegemonic ambitions; dangerous and…

  • Backgrounder posted April 4, 2016 by Brett D. Schaefer, Paul Rosenzweig ICANN Transition Proposal: The U.S. Should Proceed with Caution

    A critical change in Internet governance is imminent. It has been two years since the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA), an arm of the U.S. Department of Commerce, announced that it intended to end its current contract with the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) and “transition key Internet domain name functions to…

  • Testimony posted December 18, 2015 by Brett D. Schaefer, Paul Rosenzweig Comment on the CCWG-Accountability Draft Proposal on Work Stream 1 Recommendations

    Comment Submitted to ICANN December 16, 2015 Brett D. Schaefer Jay Kingham Fellow in International Regulatory Affairs The Heritage Foundation Paul Rosenzweig Visiting Fellow, Allison Center The Heritage Foundation On November 30, 2015, the Cross-Community Working Group on Accountability (CCWG-Accountability) published its Draft Proposal on Work Stream 1 Recommendations…

  • Backgrounder posted December 4, 2015 by Paul Winfree, Daren Bakst, Rachel Sheffield, James Phillips, Diane Katz, Nicolas Loris, Katie Tubb, Roger Severino, Sarah Torre, Lindsey Burke, James Sherk, Robert E. Moffit, Ph.D., Brett D. Schaefer, David Inserra Important Policy Riders for the FY 2016 Appropriations Bills

    The Constitution unequivocally grants Congress the exclusive power to appropriate funds for the “necessary and proper” operations of government.[1] James Madison wrote in The Federalist No. 58 that providing budgetary powers to Congress was a critical element in maintaining individual rights: “The power over the purse may, in fact, be regarded as the most complete and…

  • Issue Brief posted November 9, 2015 by Brett D. Schaefer U.S. Should Support Effort to Reduce U.N. Staff Costs

    Salaries, benefits, and allowances of United Nations professional and higher level staff have risen sharply over the past decade in comparison with equivalent positions in the United States federal civil service. U.N. salaries are supposed to be based on those of equivalent civil servants, but are actually more generous than the salaries that member states, including the…

  • Issue Brief posted October 14, 2015 by Brett D. Schaefer, Paul Rosenzweig The U.S. Must Reject the ICANN Transition If Accountability Falls Short

    Since the U.S. National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) first announced that it intended to transition U.S. oversight of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) to the global multi-stakeholder Internet community in March 2014, the multi-stakeholder community has been working diligently on proposals to ensure that ICANN…

  • Commentary posted August 19, 2015 by Brett D. Schaefer, Ambassador Terry Miller The UN Turns Its Economic Development Goals to Mush

    The United Nations is quite proud of its Millennium Development Goals - the criteria it uses to measure the success of economic development programs. In a 2013 report, U.N. Secretary General Ban Ki-moon "modestly" stated that "Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) have been the most successful global anti-poverty push in history." Of course, this is vastly…

  • Backgrounder posted June 11, 2015 by Brett D. Schaefer The U.S. Should Push for Fundamental Changes to the United Nations Scale of Assessments

    Every three years, the member states of the United Nations negotiate how to apportion the expenses of the U.N. regular budget and the peacekeeping budget. These negotiations center on the U.N. “scale of assessments,” which assigns a specific percentage of the budgets to each member state, broadly based on its capacity to pay as calculated from its gross national income…

  • Special Report posted June 3, 2015 by James L. Gattuso, Alden Abbott, Curtis S. Dubay, David Inserra, Paul Rosenzweig, Michael Sargent, Brett D. Schaefer Saving Internet Freedom

    Table of Contents Net Neutrality: Reining in Innovation Internet Governance: Past, Present, and Future Regulatory Barriers to Online Commerce Protecting Internet Commerce from Undue Tax Burdens Copyright and the Internet: Getting the Balance Right The Intersection of Internet Freedom and Cybersecurity E-mail Digital Privacy In the space…

  • Testimony posted May 13, 2015 by Brett D. Schaefer Stakeholder Perspectives on the IANA Transition

    Testimony before Subcommittee on Communications and Technology Energy and Commerce Committee United States House of Representatives May 13, 2015 Brett D. Schaefer Jay Kingham Senior Research Fellow in International Regulatory Affairs The Heritage Foundation My name is Brett Schaefer. I am the Jay Kingham Senior Research Fellow in International Regulatory Affairs…

  • Commentary posted May 7, 2015 by Brett D. Schaefer, Helle C. Dale, James M. Roberts Hot Air and Spurned Allies: A Tally of Obama's Foreign Failures

    The 2015 Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review (QDDR) was released last week to predictable fanfare. Secretary of State John Kerry declared it to be "the blueprint for the next generation of American diplomacy." In truth, the report falls far short of that goal.     The QDDR starts with proper caution. Secretary Kerry writes:   A very smart Foreign Service…

  • Testimony posted May 6, 2015 by Brett D. Schaefer Key Issues of U.S. Concern at the United Nations

    Testimony before Subcommittee on Multilateral International Development, Multilateral Institutions, and International Economic, Energy, and Environmental Policy Committee on Foreign Relations United States Senate May 6, 2015 Brett D. Schaefer Jay Kingham Fellow in International Regulatory Affairs The Heritage Foundation My name is Brett Schaefer. I am the Jay…

  • Issue Brief posted May 5, 2015 by Helle C. Dale, Brett D. Schaefer U.S. International Broadcasting Still Needs Reform

    Congressional efforts to reform and reorganize U.S. international broadcasting (USIB) stalled last year. The U.S. International Communications Reform Act of 2014 (H.R. 4490)[1] was passed with overwhelming bipartisan support in the House but was never introduced in the Senate. The USIB is still much in need of reform and facing greater challenges than at any time since…

  • Backgrounder posted March 5, 2015 by Brett D. Schaefer, James Phillips Time to Reconsider U.S. Support of UNRWA

    The Palestinian Authority (PA), which was created by the Oslo peace process, has turned its back on negotiations with Israel and sought to pressure and delegitimize the Jewish state through the United Nations. Palestinian efforts to secure a one-sided Security Council resolution calling for an Israeli withdrawal to the borders that existed before the 1967 Arab–Israeli War…

  • Issue Brief posted February 26, 2015 by Anthony B. Kim, Charlotte Florance, Brett D. Schaefer Time to Renew and Enhance the African Growth and Opportunity Act

    The African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) is at a critical juncture for America’s economic engagement with Africa. The current AGOA is set to expire on September 30, 2015. Although both Congress and the Obama Administration have repeatedly expressed their intention for a “seamless” renewal, they need to act quickly and decisively to ensure that uncertainty does not…