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  • Backgrounder posted July 16, 1986 by Manfred R. "The Conventional Arms Balance, Part 3: Deterring Nuclear War inEurope"

    (Archived document, may contain errors) 523 July 16, 1986 I THE CONVENnONAL Y. pm DETERRING NUCLEAR INTRODUCTION ARMS BALANCE 3 WAR IN EUROPE It is central to the military.strategy of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization that its forces be able to hold back a Soviet-led Warsaw Pact conventional attack for several days. This would give NATO nations time to…

  • Backgrounder posted May 13, 1986 by Manfred R. U.S. -Soviet Arms Talks: A Primer

    (Archived document, may contain errors) 509 May 13, 1986 US--SOVIET ARMS TALKS A PRIMOR INTRODUCTION Washington and Moscow have just begun the fifth round of the current series of Geneva talks on controlling nuclepr weapons progress was ma de in the round that ended in March. Both sides remain far apart conceptually on how to reduce strategic forces despite…

  • Backgrounder posted October 2, 1985 by Manfred R. Why SDI Is No Bargaining Chip

    (Archived document, may contain errors) 460 October 2, 1985 WHY INTRODUCTION SDI IS NO BARGAt NING CHIP Should the U.S. Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) be a bargaining chip? Yes, say some policy makers who see SDI, popularly known as Star Wars, as a means of securing deep cuts i n Soviet strategic nuclear missiles at the Geneva arms talks. No, say others who…

  • Backgrounder posted April 16, 1985 by W. Bruce; Hamm, Manfred R. Strategic Defense and America's Allies

    (Archived document, may contain errors) 425 April 16, 1985 STRATEGIC DEFENSE AND AMERICA'S ALLIES INTRODUCTION The NATO alliance has weathered many storms since its found- ing in April 19 49. It now confronts another possible squall--this one over the Reagan Administration's Strategic Defense Initiative SDI). As revealed most recently by British Foreign…

  • Backgrounder posted January 4, 1985 by Manfred R. Protecting U.S. Interests at the Geneva Umbrella Talks

    (Archived document, may contain errors) 401 January 4,.1985 PROTECTING U.S. INTERESTS AT THE GENEVA UMBRELLA TALKS INTRODUCTION Secretary of State George Shultz is to meet Soviet Foreign Minister Andre1 Gromyko on January 7 in Geneva for two days of talks on a broad range of arms control issues . When this meeting breakthrough in superpower relations that would lead to…

  • Executive Memorandum posted August 31, 1984 by Manfred R. One Year Later -- The Lessons of KAL 007

    (Archived document, may contain errors) 8/31/84 62 'THE LESSONS OF KAL 007'. NE YEAR LATER One year ago today, Moscow shocked the world by shooting down Korean Airlines Plight 007 carrying 269 passengers. The plane accident- ally had strayed into Soviet airspace.' Kremlin leaders defied worldwide moral outrage, stating that defense of…

  • Executive Memorandum posted August 3, 1984 by Manfred R. A Proper U.S. Response to Poland's Amnesty

    (Archived document, may contain errors) 8/3/84 61 A PROPER U. S. RESPONSE TO. POLAND'S AMNESTY'; With extraordinary fanfare, Polish strongman Wojciech-Jaruzelski announced last month the amnesty of 652 p olitical prisoners and up to 35,000 common criminals charged with minor offenses. This was to mark the 40th anniversary of Communist rule. It…

  • Backgrounder posted July 24, 1984 by Manfred R. How Moscow Meddles in the West's Elections

    (Archived document, may contain errors) 369 July 24, 1984 HOW MOSCOW M EDDLES IN THE WEST'S ELECTIONS INTRODUCTION It seems, at times, that democracy is the Soviet Union's favorite political system. After all, the Kremlin keeps partici pating in Western elections. Last year the Soviets tried to influence elections in West Ge r many and Britain. And this year…

  • Backgrounder posted May 30, 1984 by Manfred R. Ten Steps to Counter Moscow's Threat to Northern Europe

    (Archived document, may contain errors) 356 May 30, 1984 TEN STEPS TO COUNTER MOSCOW'S THREAT TO NORTHERN EUROPE INTRODUCTION Moscow has been escalatin g military and political pressures on northern Europe. In early April, the Soviet Northern Fleet conducted its largest maneuvers ever in the Norwegian Sea and North Atlantic as part of an aggressive show…

  • Executive Memorandum posted March 23, 1984 by Brian Hamm, Manfred R. Strategic Defense: One Year After Reagan's Speech

    (Archived document, may contain errors) 3/23/84 48 STRATEGIC DEFENSE: ONE'YEAR AFTER REAGAN'S SPEECH-). One year ago today, President Reagan announced the boldest national defense initiative in a generation when he proposed development and deployment of defensive systems that could eliminate the awesome threat of nuclear annihilation.…

  • Executive Memorandum posted February 13, 1984 by W. Bruce; Hamm, Manfred R. New Chance for Improved U.S. -Soviet Relations

    (Archived document, may contain errors) 2/13/84 43 'NEW CHANCE FOR_-IMPROVED U.S. SOVIET RELATIONS The death of Soviet leader Yuri Andropov and the assumption of power by Konstantin Chernenko present both a challenge and an oppor- tunity to the United States. The challenge is to maintain a steady course in U.S . policy toward the Soviets…

  • Backgrounder posted October 27, 1983 by Manfred R. Missiles in Europe: The Case for Deployment

    (Archived document, may contain errors) 300 October 27, 1983 I MISSl LES IN ;I EUROPE THE: CASE FOR DEPLOYMENT I r INTRODUCTION Barring a last-minute agreement at the negotiating table in Geneva, NATO governments will initiate their intermediate-range nuclear force (INF) modernization program this December, as they agreed to four years ago. Fierce opposition…

  • Executive Memorandum posted September 12, 1983 by Manfred R. The KAL 007 Massacre - Lessons and Response

    (Archived document, may contain errors) 9/12/83 32 THE KAL 007, MASSACRE--LESSONS iAND RESPONSE The massacre by the Soviet Union of 269 innocent passengers and crew on Korean Airlines Flight 007 should not be a co mplete surprise. It is but the latest in a long series of actions that should grimly remind the world of the ruthlessness with which…

  • Executive Memorandum posted August 5, 1983 by Manfred R. Soviet SALT Cheating: The New Evidence

    (Archived document, may contain errors) 8/5/83 31- SOVIET SALT CHEATING: THE NEW'EVIDENCE At the very time proponents of arms'control agreements with the Soviet Union are urging rat ification of SALT II and progress at the START fiegoti- ations at-the expense.of rigorous verification standards, there is new evidence of-Soviet violation of the…

  • Executive Memorandum posted June 23, 1983 by Manfred R. New Evidence of Moscow's Military Threat

    (Archived document, may contain errors) 6/23/83 27 NEW-,'EVIDENCE 'OF MOSCOWS MILITARY THREAT' That the-U.S. must increase its defense efforts to counter'a mounting Soviet threat was confirmed yet again.this week. An analysis submitted by the Defe nse Intelligence'Agency to Congress' Joint Economic Committee, declassified and rel6ased on June…