Backgrounder posted May 22, 2014
Sink the Jones Act: Restoring America’s Competitive Advantage in Maritime-Related Industries
The Merchant Marine Act of 1920, more commonly referred to as the Jones Act, is a protectionist measure that regulates domestic U.S. shipping practices. The Jones Act mandates that any goods shipped by water between two points in the United States must be transported on a U.S.-built, U.S.-flagged, and at least 75 percent U.S.-crewed vessel. Originally conceived to sustain…
Issue Brief posted May 12, 2014
Congress Should Support the Coast Guard’s Modernization Efforts
With responsibilities ranging from drug interdiction to search and rescue—and an expanding area of operation in the Arctic—the Coast Guard will see its workload only increase in the future. Therefore, Congress should support the sea service’s modernization efforts by ensuring that they properly replace aging assets with new cutters and aviation assets.
Issue Brief posted April 7, 2014
Congress Should Avert Delays in the Army’s Aviation Restructuring Plans
The Army’s decision to transfer AH-64 Apache helicopters from the National Guard to the active force has sparked a debate that ultimately concerns the roles, missions, and contributions of these ground components. Congress should prevent unnecessary delays in the implementation of these plans while making a stronger commitment to providing the resources that the armed…
Issue Brief posted September 24, 2013
Biofuel Blunder: Navy Should Prioritize Fleet Modernization over Political Initiatives
For the past several years, the President and Navy Secretary Ray Mabus have directed the U.S. Navy to dedicate increasingly precious budgetary resources to establish a “green fleet”—i.e., to replace conventional diesel fuel for ships with biofuels harvested from organic material.
Supporters claim that instability in the fossil fuel market justifies paying more for…
Issue Brief posted April 18, 2013
Impact of Obama's Budget Proposal on Defense
President Obama’s overall budget request for fiscal year (FY) 2014 and beyond is all but certain to result in the continued application of sequestration to the defense account, which will lead to defense spending levels that are too low to permit the military to protect U.S. vital national interests. They will necessarily result in a force that either is too small, lacks…
Issue Brief posted April 2, 2013
Strengthen the Coast Guard’s Presence in the Arctic
The Arctic region is becoming increasingly important to U.S. national interests. Ice in the Arctic has reached the lowest level since records began in 1979, opening up new possibilities for maritime trade, tourism, and natural resource exploration. Consequently, more actors than ever before will be operating in the Arctic region.
This reality will present both…
Backgrounder posted February 12, 2013
The Second Quadrennial Homeland Security Review: Setting Priorities for the Next Four Years
In March, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) will mark its 10th anniversary of existence. DHS was established to prevent terrorist attacks and to reduce the vulnerability of, and minimize the damage to, the U.S. in the case of attacks. Ten years later, the concept of homeland security has come to embody an "all hazards" approach, focusing not only on terror…