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  • Backgrounder posted September 20, 1984 by Samuel T. Dealing with Terrorists: A Better U.S. Policy Is Needed

    (Archived document, may contain errors) 382 September 20, 1984 DEALING WITH TERRORISTS A BETTER US. POLICY IS NEEDED INTRODUCTION Despite an apparent decline in the number of terrorist incidents in the United States in 1983, public awa reness of and concern over terrorism is probably greater today than at any time since the early 1970s. A series of recent…

  • Backgrounder posted November 9, 1979 by Samuel T. Latin American Terrorism: The Cuban Connection

    (Archived document, may contain errors) November 9 1979 LA TIN AMERICAN TERRORISM THE CUBAN CONNECTION INTRODUCTION The fall of the Somoza govern ment in Nicaragua to the Sandi nista guerrilla forces (FSLN, Sandinista Front for National Liberation) and their foreign collaborators in July, 1979, has raised concern throughout the Western hemisphere that…

  • Backgrounder posted May 17, 1979 by Samuel T. The Rhodesian Elections and the Sanctions Issue

    (Archived document, may contain errors) a4 May 17, 1979 THE RHODESIAN ELECTIONS AND THE SANCTIONS ISSUE INTRODUCTION On April 17-21, 1979, national elections based on universal adult suffrage w ere held in Rhodesia for the first time in that 1,869,000 citizens voted 64.5% of the total electorate. The major victor in the election was Bishop Abel Muzorewa, whose…

  • Backgrounder posted March 26, 1979 by Samuel T. The Front Line States: The Realities in Southern Africa

    Cument, may contain errors) 78 March 26, 1979 THE FR ON T-LINE S TA TES THE REALITIES IN SOUTHERN AFRICA INTRODUCTION The Front Line States (FLS) are five subsaharan African nations adjacent to Rhodesia: Angola, Botswana, Mozambi que, Tanzania, and Zambia. All are relatively new nations, all are former white-ruled colonies now ruled by black Africans, and all…

  • Backgrounder posted August 9, 1978 by Samuel T. Rhodesia in Transition

    (Archived document, may contain errors) 62 August 9, 1978 RHODESIA IN TRA MSI TION i INTRODUCTION On March 3, 1978, the Rhodesian government, represented by Prime Minister Ian Smith, reached an agreement with.three nation alist leaders for a transition to constitutional majority rule. This agreement, which has since become known as the Internal Set tlement,…

  • Backgrounder posted February 27, 1978 by Samuel T. War in the Horn of Africa

    (Archived document, may contain errors) 52 February 27, 1978 WAR IN THE HORN OF AFRICA THE ISSUE On July 23, 1977, the forces of the Somali Democratic Republic invaded the desert region of the Ogaden within the borders of Ethiopia. This invasion was based on long-standing Somali claims to the Ogaden made militarily possible by heavy Somali reljance on Soviet…

  • Backgrounder posted February 10, 1978 by Samuel T. The Italian Communist Party: Social Democrats or Trojan Horse?

    (Archived document, may contain errors) 50 February 10, 1978 THE ITALIAN COMMUNIST PARTY DEMOCRATS OR TROJAN HORSE THE ISSUE On January 16, 1978, U.S. Ambassador to Italy Richard Gardner was suddenly called to Washington for hasty consultations with the President . The immediate reason for his return was the threat of an imminent collapse of the…

  • Backgrounder posted December 21, 1977 by Samuel T. The Terrorist International and Western Europe

    (Archived document, may contain errors) 47 April 18, 1978 Revised frm December 21, 1977 THE TERRORIST INTERNATIONAL AND WESTERN EUROPE INTRODUCTION Terrorism is an ancient phenomenon, kno wn to the Greeks and Romans if not to earlier civilizations. In the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, it has become a characteristic of the extreme political passions and…

  • Backgrounder posted November 11, 1977 by Samuel T. Cost Estimates of the Carter Welfare Reform Proposal

    (Archived document, may contain errors) 41 November 11, 1977 COST ESTIMATES OF THE CARTER WELFARE REFORM PROPOSAL INTRODUCTION Prior to President Carter's announcement on August 6, 1977 of the Administration's plan fo r comprehensive welfare reform the President had stated his desire to reduce the costs of'the welfare system. However, the plan revealed that…

  • Backgrounder posted October 12, 1977 by Samuel T. A Discussion of Current Social Security Proposals

    (Archived document, may contain errors) 3 9 October 12, 1977 A DISCUSSION OF CURRENT SOCIAL SECURITY PROPOSALS I N T RO 0 U CT I 0 I4 On October 6, 1977, Congressman A1 Ullman, Chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee, announced that the Com mittee had reported to the House an amended bill BR 9346 to reform the Social Security program. Because of…

  • Backgrounder posted September 2, 1977 by Samuel T. The. First Amendment and Freedom of Speech in America

    (Archived document, may contain errors) 35 September 2, 1977 THE FIRST AMENDMENT AND: t FREEDOM OF SPEECH IN AMERICA I THE ISSUE I A problem of increasing concern in American society has been that of the burgeoning production of pornographic materials in the form of books, m agazines, photographs, films, and motion pictures. While this problem has in itself…

  • Backgrounder posted August 8, 1977 by Samuel T. Analysis of Carter's Welfare Reform Proposal

    (Archived document, may contain errors) 30 August 8, 1977 ANAL YSIS OF CARTER'S WELFARE REFORM PROPOSAL At 1O:OO a.m. on August 6, in a press conference in Plains President Carter outlined his long-awaited proposals for the comprehensive reform of the American welfare system. The pro posals the mselves took up fifty pages of text in the release from…

  • Backgrounder posted July 13, 1977 by Samuel T. Conflict in the Horn of Africa

    (Archived document, may contain errors) 24 July 13, 1977 CONFLICT IN THE HORN OF AFRICA The Horn of Africa comprises those nations on the north eastern coast of the African continent that border the R ed Sea and its outlet into the Gulf of Aden (and, thence, to the Indian Ocean The most important nations here are Ethiopia, Sudan, Somalia, and most recently, the…

  • Backgrounder posted June 14, 1977 by Samuel T. Indian Ocean and Its Significance for U.S. Foreign Policy

    (Archived document, may contain errors) I LI 14 June 14, 1977 r THE IMDIAET OCEAN ITS SIGNIFICANCE FOR U.S. FOREIGN POLICY In recent years, the U.S. and the USSR have both become increasing ly involved in the Indian Ocean have included the deployment of naval and military forces and the ex tension of political and diDlomatic ties to the "littoral states" of the area. At…

  • Backgrounder posted May 31, 1977 by Samuel T. Health Care Costs and the Free Market

    (Archived document, may contain errors) May 31, 1977 HEALTH CARE COSTS AND THE FREE MARKET INTRODUCTION In recent years the American health care system has become the subject of controversy. Though nearly all critics agree that the quality of health care has improved, many find that the improvement in quality has not been commensurate with the Limcreases in…

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