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Egypt

Our Research & Offerings on Egypt
  • Posted on February 18, 2015 by James Phillips What’s Next for Libya, Now an ISIS Stronghold?

    Egypt retaliated for the decapitation of 21 Egyptian Christian workers held hostage in Libya by supporters of the...…

  • Posted on April 14, 2014 by James Phillips Al-Qaeda: 'Spreading Like Wildfire'

    Last week, a House Foreign Affairs subcommittee held a hearing provocatively titled “Is Al-Qaeda Winning?” The answers...…

  • Issue Brief posted March 27, 2014 by James Phillips Obama’s Saudi Summit: Focus on Iran, Syria, Egypt, and Terrorism

    President Barack Obama will meet with Saudi Arabia’s King Abdullah on Friday amid mounting reports of acute Saudi disillusionment with Obama’s foreign policy. The Saudis, like other Middle Eastern allies including Israel, are concerned that Obama cannot be trusted to safeguard their national interests in the face of Iran’s military buildup, the political turbulence of the…

  • Posted on March 14, 2014 by James Phillips Israel Intercepts Missile Shipment from Iran as U.S. Shortchanges Missile Defense

    Last week, Iran was once again caught red-handed shipping arms, including advanced rockets, to Gaza-based Palestinian...…

  • Posted on December 29, 2013 by James Carafano Bangladesh Crisis is a Chance to Right the Fight Against Islamism

    In 1971, “George Harrison and Friends” took the stage at Madison Square Garden to raise funds for Bangladesh — a new...…

  • Posted on October 25, 2013 by James Phillips U.S. Allies Voice Alarm over Obama’s Middle East Policies

    Saudi Arabia and Israel, two key U.S. allies, have publicly challenged the Obama Administration’s Middle East policies...…

  • Commentary posted October 23, 2013 by James Phillips Why US aid cuts will backfire in Egypt

    Earlier this month the Obama administration announced it was cutting military aid to Egypt by hundreds of millions of dollars.  The move had nothing to do with the budget battle in D.C. Rather, it was a belated reaction to last July’s military coup against President Mohamed Morsi’s increasingly autocratic Islamist government.  Unfortunately, the administration has taken…

  • Posted on October 22, 2013 by Genevieve Syverson Egypt: Cuts to Aid Hurt U.S. National Interests

    This week’s cuts to military aid to Egypt have had negative consequences for U.S.–Egypt relations. Egyptian Foreign...…

  • Commentary posted October 22, 2013 by Kim R. Holmes, Ph.D. Egypt Aid: Elections versus Democracy

    Can America’s “principles” contradict its national interests? The question arises in light of the Obama administration’s invocation of the principle of democracy to justify its decision to suspend military aid to Egypt. As Voice of America correspondent Scott Stearns reported, “A senior U.S. official says suspending these programs may not lead directly to greater…

  • Posted on October 9, 2013 by James Phillips Obama’s Lack of Leadership on Aid to Egypt

    U.S. policy on Egypt has drifted in recent months due to a lack of high-level attention, as the Obama Administration...…

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  • Issue Brief posted September 14, 2012 by James Phillips U.S. Aid to Egypt and Libya: Tight Strings Needed

    The Obama Administration is finalizing an aid package to Egypt that includes forgiving approximately $1 billion of Egypt’s debt to the United States. This is in addition to about $1.5 billion in annual U.S. foreign aid. However, the lax reaction of Egypt’s new Islamist government to the violent demonstrations at the U.S. embassy in Cairo has raised questions about the…

  • WebMemo posted April 13, 2011 by The Heritage Foundation The “Arab Spring”: Heritage Foundation Recommendations

    The “Arab Spring” has targeted several regimes in the Middle East: Egypt’s Hosni Mubarak has stepped down, leaving the future of the country uncertain; Syria’s Bashar al-Assad and Yemen’s Ali Abdullah Saleh cling to power; Libya’s Muammar Qadhafi has vowed to fight to the death despite the United States and NATO lining up against him. The U.S. needs more clear and…

  • WebMemo posted February 1, 2011 by James Jay Carafano, Ph.D., Anthony B. Kim, Brett D. Schaefer, Helle C. Dale, James Phillips, Mackenzie Eaglen Top Five Lessons from the Fight for Freedom in Egypt

    As millions march in the streets of Cairo, it is far too soon to tell whether the upheaval will deliver the economic and political freedoms that the people demand. History is littered with radical transformations that have taken societies in radically different directions. The French Revolution, the Russian Revolution, and the Iranian Revolution left their people…

  • Issue Brief posted June 28, 2013 by James Phillips U.S. Should Warn Egyptian President Morsi Against a Crackdown

    Egyptian opposition groups have called for massive demonstrations on June 30 to protest the first anniversary of President Mohamed Morsi’s inauguration. Morsi’s Muslim Brotherhood–dominated government has grown increasingly unpopular due to its authoritarian nature; growing curbs on political, social, and religious freedoms; and failure to effectively address Egypt’s…

  • Backgrounder posted November 9, 2010 by Samuel Tadros Religious Freedom in Egypt

    Abstract: The Egyptian government has played a major role in creating and maintaining a religiously intolerant environment in Egypt that is hostile to non-Muslims and any Muslims who deviate from government-endorsed religious norms and traditions. This intolerant environment that stifles independent thinking and religious liberty is the natural breeding ground for…

  • Testimony posted September 21, 2012 by James Phillips Safeguarding Israel’s Security in a Volatile Region

    Testimony before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, Subcommittee on the Middle East and South Asia September 20, 2012 My name is James Phillips. I am the Senior Research Fellow for Middle Eastern Affairs at The Heritage Foundation. The views I express in this testimony are my own, and should not be construed as representing any official…

  • Backgrounder posted March 15, 2012 by Ariel Cohen, Ph.D. How the U.S. Should Respond to Russia's Unhelpful Role in the Middle East

    Abstract: Russia is pursuing a Middle Eastern policy that is designed to reduce U.S. and Western influence in the Middle East, even at the risk of Islamist terrorism, which is a growing problem in Russia. It views the recent upheavals in the Middle East and North Africa as an American conspiracy to undermine Russia and friendly regimes in the region. Russia’s Soviet…

  • Commentary posted February 16, 2011 by Theodore R. Bromund, Ph.D. Fear Rules in the Nations Where Politics is a Blood Sport Played out in Real Blood

    THE revolution in Egypt presents policy through a looking glass: what you see depends on who you are. If you want stability, you see a failed state. If you value freedom, you see it in the streets. If you fear autocrats, you see the 30 years of emergency rule. If you fear Islamists, you see the Muslim Brotherhood in the alleys. Egypt may be all of these. Or it may be…

  • Commentary posted October 22, 2013 by Kim R. Holmes, Ph.D. Egypt Aid: Elections versus Democracy

    Can America’s “principles” contradict its national interests? The question arises in light of the Obama administration’s invocation of the principle of democracy to justify its decision to suspend military aid to Egypt. As Voice of America correspondent Scott Stearns reported, “A senior U.S. official says suspending these programs may not lead directly to greater…

  • Backgrounder posted March 8, 1985 by James Phillips Reagan's Blunt Message to Egypt's Mubarak

    (Archived document, may contain errors) 415 March 8, 1 985 REAGAN'S BLUNT MESSAGE TO EGYPT'S MUBARAK I INTRODUCTION Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak's visit to the White House on March 12 will focus attention on the United States' special received the attention and aid which the U.S. has been showering on Egy pt. Yet, although Cairo and Washington remain bound…

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  • Issue Brief posted March 27, 2014 by James Phillips Obama’s Saudi Summit: Focus on Iran, Syria, Egypt, and Terrorism

    President Barack Obama will meet with Saudi Arabia’s King Abdullah on Friday amid mounting reports of acute Saudi disillusionment with Obama’s foreign policy. The Saudis, like other Middle Eastern allies including Israel, are concerned that Obama cannot be trusted to safeguard their national interests in the face of Iran’s military buildup, the political turbulence of the…

  • Issue Brief posted August 23, 2013 by James Phillips Egypt’s Coup Requires a Cautious U.S. Response

    Egypt’s July 3 coup and the crackdown on President Mohamed Morsi’s Muslim Brotherhood have sparked renewed calls from Congress for a cutoff of U.S. foreign aid to the new Egyptian government. While there are strong arguments in favor of continuing aid, the Obama Administration cannot continue to deny that what happened in Egypt was indeed a coup, which legally requires a…

  • Issue Brief posted July 15, 2013 by Brett D. Schaefer, Anthony B. Kim The Importance of Providing U.S. Food Aid during Egypt’s Ongoing Political Crisis

    The ongoing political crisis in Egypt has an economic foundation. For the past 18 years, the Egyptian economy has been “mostly unfree”—and among the least free in the Middle East and North Africa—in The Heritage Foundation’s Index of Economic Freedom. Lingering socialist economic policies adopted decades ago have discouraged investment, entrepreneurship, and job growth.…

  • Backgrounder posted July 9, 2013 by James Jay Carafano, Ph.D., James Phillips Egypt: A Way Forward After a Step Back

    Egypt’s army recently ousted President Mohamed Morsi, just as it removed Hosni Mubarak in 2011, to prevent growing civil disorder from undermining the power of the state and its own privileges within the state. The intervention was widely applauded by opposition political parties and the overwhelming majority of the millions of protesters who demanded that Morsi step…

  • Issue Brief posted June 28, 2013 by James Phillips U.S. Should Warn Egyptian President Morsi Against a Crackdown

    Egyptian opposition groups have called for massive demonstrations on June 30 to protest the first anniversary of President Mohamed Morsi’s inauguration. Morsi’s Muslim Brotherhood–dominated government has grown increasingly unpopular due to its authoritarian nature; growing curbs on political, social, and religious freedoms; and failure to effectively address Egypt’s…

  • Issue Brief posted June 12, 2013 by James Phillips Time to Freeze U.S. Aid to Egypt

    Last week, Egyptian courts sentenced 43 staff members of pro-democracy non-governmental organizations (NGOs), including 16 Americans, to prison terms of up to five years for their activities to support civil society and democracy after Egypt’s 2011 revolution. The trial and harsh sentences underscore the fact that Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood–dominated government is…

  • Backgrounder posted December 20, 2012 by James Phillips The Arab Spring Descends into Islamist Winter: Implications for U.S. Policy

    Abstract: In 2011 and 2012, a wave of popular uprisings in North Africa and the Middle East shook the region’s autocratic regimes, prompting euphoric reactions in the West about an “Arab Spring” and a supposed new age of democracy. While the overthrow of authoritarian regimes can give democracy a chance to bloom, it has also created opportunities for a wide spectrum of…

  • Issue Brief posted November 21, 2012 by James Phillips Gaza Crisis: U.S. Should Press Egypt to Rein in Hamas

    Although the current Gaza crisis is in many ways reminiscent of the last flare-up in December 2008–January 2009, there are important differences this time around. Hamas’s terrorist reach now includes Israel’s heartland cities of Jerusalem and Tel Aviv due to long-range Iranian rockets. However, Israel’s new Iron Dome missile defense system has mitigated this threat. The…

  • Issue Brief posted September 14, 2012 by James Phillips U.S. Aid to Egypt and Libya: Tight Strings Needed

    The Obama Administration is finalizing an aid package to Egypt that includes forgiving approximately $1 billion of Egypt’s debt to the United States. This is in addition to about $1.5 billion in annual U.S. foreign aid. However, the lax reaction of Egypt’s new Islamist government to the violent demonstrations at the U.S. embassy in Cairo has raised questions about the…

  • Issue Brief posted August 22, 2012 by James Phillips U.S. Should Insist Egypt’s Military Buildup Must Comply with Peace Treaty

    Egypt is preparing a military offensive against Islamist militants in the Sinai who have launched a series of terrorist attacks against Egyptian border guards in an effort to weaken the central government and provoke a war with Israel. This campaign is expected to include armored forces and air strikes in the first major Egyptian military action in the demilitarized Sinai…

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Find more work on Egypt