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Egypt

Our Research & Offerings on Egypt
  • Issue Brief posted March 27, 2014 by James Phillips Obama’s Saudi Summit: Focus on Iran, Syria, Egypt, and Terrorism

    President Barack Obama will meet with Saudi Arabia’s King Abdullah on Friday amid mounting reports of acute Saudi disillusionment with Obama’s foreign policy. The Saudis, like other Middle Eastern allies including Israel, are concerned that Obama cannot be trusted to safeguard their national interests in the face of Iran’s military buildup, the political turbulence of the…

  • Commentary posted October 23, 2013 by James Phillips Why US aid cuts will backfire in Egypt

    Earlier this month the Obama administration announced it was cutting military aid to Egypt by hundreds of millions of dollars.  The move had nothing to do with the budget battle in D.C. Rather, it was a belated reaction to last July’s military coup against President Mohamed Morsi’s increasingly autocratic Islamist government.  Unfortunately, the administration has taken…

  • Commentary posted October 22, 2013 by Kim R. Holmes, Ph.D. Egypt Aid: Elections versus Democracy

    Can America’s “principles” contradict its national interests? The question arises in light of the Obama administration’s invocation of the principle of democracy to justify its decision to suspend military aid to Egypt. As Voice of America correspondent Scott Stearns reported, “A senior U.S. official says suspending these programs may not lead directly to greater…

  • Play Movie Lawmakers' Position on Syria: Brookes on Fox News Video Recorded on September 1, 2013 Lawmakers' Position on Syria: Brookes on Fox News

    Senior Fellow Peter Brookes discusses the latest on whether Congress will back up President Obama's call for action in Syria on Fox News' 'America's News HQ'.…

  • Issue Brief posted August 23, 2013 by James Phillips Egypt’s Coup Requires a Cautious U.S. Response

    Egypt’s July 3 coup and the crackdown on President Mohamed Morsi’s Muslim Brotherhood have sparked renewed calls from Congress for a cutoff of U.S. foreign aid to the new Egyptian government. While there are strong arguments in favor of continuing aid, the Obama Administration cannot continue to deny that what happened in Egypt was indeed a coup, which legally requires a…

  • Play Movie The Latest on Syria and Egypt: Brookes on NBC News affiliates Video Recorded on August 21, 2013 The Latest on Syria and Egypt: Brookes on NBC News affiliates

    Senior Fellow Peter Brookes discussed the latest on Egypt and Syria on NBC News affiliates.…

  • Issue Brief posted July 15, 2013 by Brett D. Schaefer, Anthony B. Kim The Importance of Providing U.S. Food Aid during Egypt’s Ongoing Political Crisis

    The ongoing political crisis in Egypt has an economic foundation. For the past 18 years, the Egyptian economy has been “mostly unfree”—and among the least free in the Middle East and North Africa—in The Heritage Foundation’s Index of Economic Freedom. Lingering socialist economic policies adopted decades ago have discouraged investment, entrepreneurship, and job growth.…

  • Backgrounder posted July 9, 2013 by James Jay Carafano, Ph.D., James Phillips Egypt: A Way Forward After a Step Back

    Egypt’s army recently ousted President Mohamed Morsi, just as it removed Hosni Mubarak in 2011, to prevent growing civil disorder from undermining the power of the state and its own privileges within the state. The intervention was widely applauded by opposition political parties and the overwhelming majority of the millions of protesters who demanded that Morsi step…

  • Issue Brief posted June 28, 2013 by James Phillips U.S. Should Warn Egyptian President Morsi Against a Crackdown

    Egyptian opposition groups have called for massive demonstrations on June 30 to protest the first anniversary of President Mohamed Morsi’s inauguration. Morsi’s Muslim Brotherhood–dominated government has grown increasingly unpopular due to its authoritarian nature; growing curbs on political, social, and religious freedoms; and failure to effectively address Egypt’s…

  • Play Movie Syrian-Egyptian Relations: Phillips on 'Special Report' Video Recorded on June 27, 2013 Syrian-Egyptian Relations: Phillips on 'Special Report'

    Senior Research Fellow Jim Phillips discusses Syrian-Egyptian relations on Fox News' 'Special Report'.…

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  • Backgrounder posted March 15, 2012 by Ariel Cohen, Ph.D. How the U.S. Should Respond to Russia's Unhelpful Role in the Middle East

    Abstract: Russia is pursuing a Middle Eastern policy that is designed to reduce U.S. and Western influence in the Middle East, even at the risk of Islamist terrorism, which is a growing problem in Russia. It views the recent upheavals in the Middle East and North Africa as an American conspiracy to undermine Russia and friendly regimes in the region. Russia’s Soviet…

  • Backgrounder posted December 20, 2012 by James Phillips The Arab Spring Descends into Islamist Winter: Implications for U.S. Policy

    Abstract: In 2011 and 2012, a wave of popular uprisings in North Africa and the Middle East shook the region’s autocratic regimes, prompting euphoric reactions in the West about an “Arab Spring” and a supposed new age of democracy. While the overthrow of authoritarian regimes can give democracy a chance to bloom, it has also created opportunities for a wide spectrum of…

  • Backgrounder posted November 9, 2010 by Samuel Tadros Religious Freedom in Egypt

    Abstract: The Egyptian government has played a major role in creating and maintaining a religiously intolerant environment in Egypt that is hostile to non-Muslims and any Muslims who deviate from government-endorsed religious norms and traditions. This intolerant environment that stifles independent thinking and religious liberty is the natural breeding ground for…

  • Issue Brief posted September 14, 2012 by James Phillips U.S. Aid to Egypt and Libya: Tight Strings Needed

    The Obama Administration is finalizing an aid package to Egypt that includes forgiving approximately $1 billion of Egypt’s debt to the United States. This is in addition to about $1.5 billion in annual U.S. foreign aid. However, the lax reaction of Egypt’s new Islamist government to the violent demonstrations at the U.S. embassy in Cairo has raised questions about the…

  • Issue Brief posted July 15, 2013 by Brett D. Schaefer, Anthony B. Kim The Importance of Providing U.S. Food Aid during Egypt’s Ongoing Political Crisis

    The ongoing political crisis in Egypt has an economic foundation. For the past 18 years, the Egyptian economy has been “mostly unfree”—and among the least free in the Middle East and North Africa—in The Heritage Foundation’s Index of Economic Freedom. Lingering socialist economic policies adopted decades ago have discouraged investment, entrepreneurship, and job growth.…

  • Issue Brief posted March 27, 2014 by James Phillips Obama’s Saudi Summit: Focus on Iran, Syria, Egypt, and Terrorism

    President Barack Obama will meet with Saudi Arabia’s King Abdullah on Friday amid mounting reports of acute Saudi disillusionment with Obama’s foreign policy. The Saudis, like other Middle Eastern allies including Israel, are concerned that Obama cannot be trusted to safeguard their national interests in the face of Iran’s military buildup, the political turbulence of the…

  • Backgrounder posted March 8, 1985 by James Phillips Reagan's Blunt Message to Egypt's Mubarak

    (Archived document, may contain errors) 415 March 8, 1 985 REAGAN'S BLUNT MESSAGE TO EGYPT'S MUBARAK I INTRODUCTION Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak's visit to the White House on March 12 will focus attention on the United States' special received the attention and aid which the U.S. has been showering on Egy pt. Yet, although Cairo and Washington remain bound…

  • Issue Brief posted August 22, 2012 by James Phillips U.S. Should Insist Egypt’s Military Buildup Must Comply with Peace Treaty

    Egypt is preparing a military offensive against Islamist militants in the Sinai who have launched a series of terrorist attacks against Egyptian border guards in an effort to weaken the central government and provoke a war with Israel. This campaign is expected to include armored forces and air strikes in the first major Egyptian military action in the demilitarized Sinai…

  • Commentary posted February 9, 2011 by Kim R. Holmes, Ph.D. Economic Reforms a Must for Democratic Egypt

    What's behind Egypt‘s unrest? Is it really lack of democracy? The protesters agree that Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak must go, but there does not seem to be a unifying vision of what should happen next. What kind of government and society do they want to see replace the current regime?We need to figure it out. If we don’t, if we misjudge the situation, we will find…

  • Commentary posted July 1, 2012 by Peter Brookes Egypt's Future Still Uncertain

    Though this week’s declaration of Mohammed Morsi as Egypt’s first freely-elected president is a significant milestone in the ancient Arab state’s history, the battle for the future of this key country isn’t over. Actually, far from it. Egypt is still quite divided some 16 months after former-President Hosni Mubarak ceded power to the Supreme Council of the Armed…

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  • Issue Brief posted March 27, 2014 by James Phillips Obama’s Saudi Summit: Focus on Iran, Syria, Egypt, and Terrorism

    President Barack Obama will meet with Saudi Arabia’s King Abdullah on Friday amid mounting reports of acute Saudi disillusionment with Obama’s foreign policy. The Saudis, like other Middle Eastern allies including Israel, are concerned that Obama cannot be trusted to safeguard their national interests in the face of Iran’s military buildup, the political turbulence of the…

  • Issue Brief posted August 23, 2013 by James Phillips Egypt’s Coup Requires a Cautious U.S. Response

    Egypt’s July 3 coup and the crackdown on President Mohamed Morsi’s Muslim Brotherhood have sparked renewed calls from Congress for a cutoff of U.S. foreign aid to the new Egyptian government. While there are strong arguments in favor of continuing aid, the Obama Administration cannot continue to deny that what happened in Egypt was indeed a coup, which legally requires a…

  • Issue Brief posted July 15, 2013 by Brett D. Schaefer, Anthony B. Kim The Importance of Providing U.S. Food Aid during Egypt’s Ongoing Political Crisis

    The ongoing political crisis in Egypt has an economic foundation. For the past 18 years, the Egyptian economy has been “mostly unfree”—and among the least free in the Middle East and North Africa—in The Heritage Foundation’s Index of Economic Freedom. Lingering socialist economic policies adopted decades ago have discouraged investment, entrepreneurship, and job growth.…

  • Backgrounder posted July 9, 2013 by James Jay Carafano, Ph.D., James Phillips Egypt: A Way Forward After a Step Back

    Egypt’s army recently ousted President Mohamed Morsi, just as it removed Hosni Mubarak in 2011, to prevent growing civil disorder from undermining the power of the state and its own privileges within the state. The intervention was widely applauded by opposition political parties and the overwhelming majority of the millions of protesters who demanded that Morsi step…

  • Issue Brief posted June 28, 2013 by James Phillips U.S. Should Warn Egyptian President Morsi Against a Crackdown

    Egyptian opposition groups have called for massive demonstrations on June 30 to protest the first anniversary of President Mohamed Morsi’s inauguration. Morsi’s Muslim Brotherhood–dominated government has grown increasingly unpopular due to its authoritarian nature; growing curbs on political, social, and religious freedoms; and failure to effectively address Egypt’s…

  • Issue Brief posted June 12, 2013 by James Phillips Time to Freeze U.S. Aid to Egypt

    Last week, Egyptian courts sentenced 43 staff members of pro-democracy non-governmental organizations (NGOs), including 16 Americans, to prison terms of up to five years for their activities to support civil society and democracy after Egypt’s 2011 revolution. The trial and harsh sentences underscore the fact that Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood–dominated government is…

  • Backgrounder posted December 20, 2012 by James Phillips The Arab Spring Descends into Islamist Winter: Implications for U.S. Policy

    Abstract: In 2011 and 2012, a wave of popular uprisings in North Africa and the Middle East shook the region’s autocratic regimes, prompting euphoric reactions in the West about an “Arab Spring” and a supposed new age of democracy. While the overthrow of authoritarian regimes can give democracy a chance to bloom, it has also created opportunities for a wide spectrum of…

  • Issue Brief posted November 21, 2012 by James Phillips Gaza Crisis: U.S. Should Press Egypt to Rein in Hamas

    Although the current Gaza crisis is in many ways reminiscent of the last flare-up in December 2008–January 2009, there are important differences this time around. Hamas’s terrorist reach now includes Israel’s heartland cities of Jerusalem and Tel Aviv due to long-range Iranian rockets. However, Israel’s new Iron Dome missile defense system has mitigated this threat. The…

  • Issue Brief posted September 14, 2012 by James Phillips U.S. Aid to Egypt and Libya: Tight Strings Needed

    The Obama Administration is finalizing an aid package to Egypt that includes forgiving approximately $1 billion of Egypt’s debt to the United States. This is in addition to about $1.5 billion in annual U.S. foreign aid. However, the lax reaction of Egypt’s new Islamist government to the violent demonstrations at the U.S. embassy in Cairo has raised questions about the…

  • Issue Brief posted August 22, 2012 by James Phillips U.S. Should Insist Egypt’s Military Buildup Must Comply with Peace Treaty

    Egypt is preparing a military offensive against Islamist militants in the Sinai who have launched a series of terrorist attacks against Egyptian border guards in an effort to weaken the central government and provoke a war with Israel. This campaign is expected to include armored forces and air strikes in the first major Egyptian military action in the demilitarized Sinai…

Find more work on Egypt
Find more work on Egypt