Dakota L. Wood is Senior Research Fellow for Defense Programs in the Center for National Defense, of the Kathryn and Shelby Cullom Davis Institute for National Security and Foreign Policy, at The Heritage Foundation. He served for two decades as an officer in the U.S. Marine Corps, including service as a strategic analyst for the Commandant of the Marine Corps and the Secretary of Defense’s Director of Net Assessment.
James Jay Carafano, PhD, is Vice President for the Davis Institute and E. W. Richardson Fellow at The Heritage Foundation. He served for 25 years as a U.S. Army officer and has taught at a number of universities, including the National Defense University.
Thomas W. Spoehr, Lieutenant General, U.S. Army (Ret.), is Director of the Center for National Defense. Before joining The Heritage Foundation, he served America for more than 36 years in the Army.
Frederico Bartels is Policy Analyst for Defense Budgeting in the Center for National Defense. Before joining The Heritage Foundation, he served for three years as a Policy Analyst with Concerned Veterans for America.
Thomas Callender is Senior Research Fellow for Defense Programs in the Center for National Defense. Before joining Heritage, he served for five years as Director for Capabilities in the Capabilities and Concepts Directorate of the Office of the Deputy Under Secretary of the Navy for Policy.
Dean Cheng is a Senior Research Fellow in the Asian Studies Center of the Davis Institute. He specializes in China’s military and foreign policy.
Luke Coffey is Director of the Douglas and Sarah Allison Center for Foreign Policy of the Davis Institute. He joined Heritage after service as Senior Special Advisor to the Secretary of State for Defence of the United Kingdom.
Michaela Dodge is Senior Policy Analyst for Defense and Strategic Policy in the Center for National Defense. She specializes in missile defense, nuclear weapons modernization, and arms control.
Nile Gardiner, PhD, is Director of the Margaret Thatcher Center for Freedom of the Davis Institute. He served as foreign policy researcher in the Private Office of former Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher of the United Kingdom.
Bruce Klingner is Senior Research Fellow for Northeast Asia in the Asian Studies Center. He served for two decades at the Central Intelligence Agency and the Defense Intelligence Agency.
Daniel Kochis is a Policy Analyst in European Affairs in the Margaret Thatcher Center for Freedom, where he specializes in trans-Atlantic security issues including NATO, U.S.–Russia relations, and the Arctic.
Walter Lohman is Director of the Asian Studies Center. He has served on the staff of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, in the Office of Senator John McCain, and as Executive Director of the U.S.–ASEAN Business Council.
James Phillips is Senior Research Fellow for Middle Eastern Affairs in the Allison Center. He has also served at the Congressional Research Service and at the East–West Center.
Brian Slattery is a former Policy Analyst for National Security in the Center for National Defense, where he supported production of the Index of U.S. Military Strength for four years.
John Venable is Senior Research Fellow for Defense Policy in the Center for National Defense. A 25-year veteran of the U.S. Air Force and F-16 pilot, he served in three combat operations, was commander of the Thunderbirds, and earned the rank of colonel before retiring.
Rachel Zissimos is a Research Associate in the Center for National Defense. She focuses on Department of Defense Energy and Industrial Base policy in addition to supporting production of the Index of U.S. Military Strength.
External Reviewers and Expert Contributors
Patrick M. Cronin, PhD, is a Senior Advisor and Senior Director of the Asia–Pacific Security Program at the Center for a New American Security (CNAS).
G. Alexander Crowther, PhD, is Senior Research Fellow for NATO/Europe and Cyber at the Institute for National Strategic Studies at the National Defense University.
Harry Foster is Director of Analysis at the Telemus Group.
Brad Glosserman is Executive Director of the Pacific Forum at the Center for Strategic and International Studies.
David Isby is a Washington-based defense analyst and consultant.
David E. Johnson, PhD, is a Senior Fellow at the Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments.
Roy D. Kamphausen is Senior Vice President for Research and Director of the Washington, D.C., Office of the National Bureau of Asian Research.
Jeff M. Smith is Director of Asian Security Programs and Kraemer Strategy Fellow at the American Foreign Policy Council.
Douglas E. Streusand, PhD, is a Professor of International Relations at the U.S. Marine Corps Command and Staff College.
Larry M. Wortzel, PhD, is Adjunct Research Professor at the U.S. Army War College.
Any views presented in or reflecting the results of any prepublication review of this document by an officer or employee of the United States are rendered in his or her individual capacity and do not necessarily represent the views of the United States or any agency thereof.