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U.S. Extended Continental Shelf in the Arctic

Created on June 26, 2014

U.S. Extended Continental Shelf in the Arctic


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Read the original report, "Accession to Convention on the Law of the Sea Unnecessary to Advance Arctic Interests," by Steven Groves.

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The United States has secured the natural resources on its EEZ and extended continental shelf by and through presidential proclamations, bilateral treaties, and international cooperation with its Arctic neighbors. The “Baker-Shevardnadze Line” negotiated between the U.S. and USSR marks the western border of the U.S. zone, and the eastern border will be negotiated between the U.S. and Canada.

Sources: U.S. State Department, “Agreement with the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the Maritime Boundary,” September 26, 1990, http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/125431.pdf (accessed April 17, 2012); United Nations, submission by the Russian Federation to the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf, Map 2, December 20, 2001, http://www.un.org/depts/los/clcs_new/submissions_files/ rus01/RUS_CLCS_01_2001_LOS_2.jpg (accessed May 8, 2012); and Durham University, “Maritime jurisdiction and boundaries in the Arctic Region,” International Boundaries Research Unit, December 20, 2011, http://www.dur.ac.uk/resources/ibru/arctic.pdf (accessed May 8, 2012).

MAP 2 • BG 2912

Tags: UNCLOS, United-Nations-Convention-on-the-Law-of-the-Sea, Arctic, exclusive enterprise zone, EEZ, extended continental shelf, ECS, Russia, Canada, Greenland, north pole