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Union Membership Falling to Historic Lows

Created on January 21, 2011

Union Membership Falling to Historic Lows

1935: 13.2% (year National Labor Relations Act signed into law) 1935: 13.2% (year National Labor Relations Act signed into law) Union Membership Percentages Note: This chart displays union membership using two separate data sources: assorted union reports filed with the department of labor between 1930 and 1980, and data from the Current Population Survey. Data for 1982 have been interpolated.

Source: Data for 1930–1980: U.S. Department of Labor, assorted labor union reports and Haver Analytics; 1977–2010: Heritage Foundation calculations using data from Barry T. Hirsch and David A. Macpherson, “Union Membership and Coverage Database from the Current Population Survey,” Unionstats.com, at http://www.unionstats.com, and from the U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. Chart 1 •  WM 3099 heritage.org 6.9% 11.9% Percentage of Private Sector Wage and Salary Workers Percentage of All Wage and Salary Workers Percentage of Non-Agricultural Payroll Employment 6.9% 11.9% Percentage of Private Sector Wage and Salary Workers Percentage of All Wage and Salary Workers Percentage of Non-Agricultural Payroll Employment 1945:

35.5% 2010 2000 1990 1980 1970 1960 1950 1940 1930