Critics of the war in Iraq frequently call it a diversion from the broader war against terrorism. But as President Bush emphasized in his State of the Union address, this view is 180 degrees off. The war in Iraq is an integral part of this larger conflict. A defeat there would allow al Qaeda and other hostile forces to establish a dangerous base in the heart of the Arab world.
Speaking before a new Congress that appears to favor an exit strategy, he appealed for bipartisan support, reminding legislators, "Whatever you voted for, you did not vote for failure."
The president acknowledged that the situation in Iraq deteriorated in 2006, following progress in 2005. Despite the many difficulties faced in Iraq, he warned the consequences of failure would be catastrophic: "We did not drive al Qaeda out of their safe haven in Afghanistan only to permit them to establish a safe haven in a free Iraq."
Though some critics of the administration, such as Virginia Sen. James Webb, who delivered the Democratic response, contend the war in Iraq is a distraction from the war on terrorism, it is clear al Qaeda does not agree. Lt. Gen. Michael Maples, director of the Defense Intelligence Agency, recently told the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence that documents captured at a safehouse in Iraq indicate the al Qaeda in Iraq organization planned to launch terrorist attacks inside the United States.
Such threats are likely to multiply and grow more lethal if the United States turns its back on Iraq, just as they did when the U.S. turned its back on Afghanistan after the 1989 Soviet withdrawal from that country.
The president's State of the Union speech did not provide as much detail about his Iraq plan as his Jan. 10 "New Way Forward" speech, which called for greater U.S. and Iraqi military efforts, increased Iraqi action to reach a national reconciliation, and joint efforts to jumpstart the Iraqi economy and create jobs.
Much discussion before the address focused on the proposed surge of U.S. troops, which would add 21,500 troops to the approximately 132,000 already deployed in Iraq. But more important than the numbers is the new strategy the additional troops would carry out and the interweaving of the military effort with a broader political strategy to reconcile Iraq's warring factions and suffocate the insurgency.
A surge of U.S. troops could enhance security in Baghdad, the center of gravity of the struggle in Iraq. But unless the surge is accompanied by a sustained surge of Iraqi forces, the security gains will be only temporary. It remains to be seen whether the Iraqi government, which has defaulted on past pledges to mobilize troops for operations in Baghdad, will deliver on its promises this time. President Bush believes Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki's government is up to the task. Let us hope he is right.
The Bush administration's revised strategy on Iraq is a calculated gamble. It will entail greater American casualties in the short run but, if successful, could save many American and Iraqi lives in the long run.
Although Mr. Bush's new course cannot guarantee success, the preferred policy of most of his critics -- a rapid withdrawal -- would only guarantee failure. Such an abdication of responsibility would lead swiftly to a strategic, moral and humanitarian catastrophe that would severely undermine the war against terrorism and efforts to contain Iran for decades to come.
James Phillips is research fellow for Middle Eastern affairs in the Douglas and Sarah Allison Center for Foreign Policy Studies, a division of the Heritage Foundation's Kathryn and Shelby Cullom Davis Institute for International Studies.
First appeared in The Washington Times