2017 Index of Economic Freedom

Major Works Cited

The 2017 Index of Economic Freedom relies on data from multiple internationally recognized sources to present a representation of economic freedom in each country that is as comprehensive, impartial, and accurate as possible. The following sources provided the primary information for analyzing and scoring the 12 components of economic freedom. In addition, the authors and analysts used supporting documentation and information from various government agencies and sites on the Internet, news reports and journal articles, and official responses to inquiries. All statistical and other information received from government sources was verified with independent, credible third-party sources.

African Development Bank, Statistics Pocketbook 2016; available at
http://www.afdb.org/en/knowledge/publications/the-afdb-statistics-pocketbook/.

African Development Bank and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, African Economic Outlook 2016; available at http://www.africaneconomicoutlook.org/en/.

African Financial Markets Initiative, Country Profiles; available at
http://www.africanbondmarkets.org/en/country-profiles/.

Asian Development Bank, Asian Development Outlook 2016: Asia’s Potential Growth; available at
https://www.adb.org/publications/asian-development-outlook-2016-asia-potential-growth.

Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2016; available at
https://www.adb.org/publications/key-indicators-asia-and-pacific-2016.

Country statistical agencies, central banks, and ministries of finance, economy, and trade; available at
http://unstats.un.org/unsd/methods/inter-natlinks/sd_natstat.asp;
http://www.census.gov/aboutus/stat_int.html; and http://www.bis.org/cbanks.htm.

Deloitte, International Tax and Business Guide, Country Highlights; available at
https://www.dits.deloitte.com/.

Economist Intelligence Unit, Ltd., Country Commerce, London, U.K., 2011–2016.
 , Country Finance, London, U.K., 2011–2016.
, Country Report, London, U.K., 2011–2016.

European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Country Strategies, 2011–2016; available at
http://www.ebrd.com/pages/country.shtml.

European Commission, Eurostat, European Statistics; available at
http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/statistics/themes.

 International Monetary Fund, Article IV Consultation Staff Reports, various countries, Washington, DC, 2011–2016; available at
http://www.imf.org/external/ns/cs.aspx?id=51.
http://www.imf.org/external/country/index.htm.

             , Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix, various countries, Washington, DC, 2011–2016.              , World Economic Outlook Database, April 2016; available at
https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2016/01/weodata/index.aspx.

Low Tax Network, various countries; available at
http://www.lowtax.net.

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, OECD Economic Outlook, Vol. 2016, Issue 1 (June1, 2016); available at
http://www.oecd.org/eco/outlook/economic-outlook-june-2016.htm.
             , OECD Statistics Portal; available at
http://stats.oecd.org/source/.
, OECD Web site; available at
http://www.oecd.org/home.

PricewaterhouseCoopers, Worldwide Tax Summaries; available with registration at
http://www.pwc.com/gx/en/tax/corporate-tax/worldwide-tax-summaries/taxsummaries.jhtml.

Transparency International, The Corruption Perceptions Index, Berlin, Germany, 2000–2015; available at
http://www.transparency.org/cpi2015.

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, World Investment Report 2016: Investor Nationality: Policy Challenges; available at
http://unctad.org/en/pages/PublicationWebflyer.aspx?publicationid=1555.

United States Central Intelligence Agency, The World Factbook 2016; available at
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html.

United States Department of Commerce, Country Commercial Guides, Washington, DC, 2011–2016; available at
http://www.buyusainfo.net/adsearch.cfm?search_type=int&loadnav=no.

United States Department of State, Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2015, released by the Bureau of Democracy, 
Human Rights, and Labor, April 2016; available at
http://www.state.gov/j/drl/rls/hrrpt/humanrightsreport/index.htm#wrapper.

Investment Climate Statements: 2011–2016, released by the Bureau of Economic and Business Affairs; available at
http://www.state.gov/e/eb/rls/othr/ics/.

United States Trade Representative, Office of the, 2016 National Trade Estimate Report on Foreign Trade Barriers, 
Washington, DC, 2016; available at
https://ustr.gov/about-us/policy-offices/press-office/reports-and-publications/2016/2016-national-trade-estimate.

World Bank, World Bank World Development Indicators Online, Washington, DC; available at
http://data.worldbank.org/data-catalog/world-development-indicators">http://data.worldbank.org/data-catalog/world-development-indicators">http://data.worldbank.org/data-catalog/world-development-indicators.

Country Briefs and Trade-at-a-Glance (TAAG) Tables, Washington, DC; available at
http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/TRADE/0,,contentMDK:22421950~pagePK:148956~piPK:216618~theSitePK:239071,00.html.

Doing Business; available at
www.doingbusiness.org.

World Trade Organization, Trade Policy Reviews, 1996–2016; available at
https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/tpr_e/tpr_e.htm.

Heritage Media Contacts

  • Justin Posey
    • Communications Manager, Institute for Economic Freedom and Opportunity
    • work: 202.608.6175
    • cell: 202.230.6690
  • Jim Weidman
    • Director, Editorial Services
    • work: 202.608.6145

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