October 19, 2012 | Issue Brief on United Nations
Last fall, the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) granted membership to the Palestinian Authority. It did so despite clear warnings from Washington that this would necessitate an immediate freeze on all U.S. funding to the agency. Subsequently, President Obama stopped all U.S. financial contributions to the organization as required by U.S. law.
Since then, however, UNESCO and the Obama Administration have been pressing Congress to change the law, arguing that the prohibition threatens programs vital to U.S. interests and that the cut improperly punishes a valuable voice for integrity and moderation.
Neither of these claims is persuasive or sufficient to trump the purpose of the law, which is to dissuade U.N. organizations from granting membership to the Palestinians before a negotiated peace agreement is concluded with Israel. To avoid an accumulation of arrears and disabuse UNESCO of the idea that U.S. funding will resume, the U.S. should withdraw from UNESCO.
UNESCO Director-General Irina Bokova has argued that the loss of funds endangers UNESCO programs that are important to U.S. interests. She joins a long line of UNESCO Directors-Generals who have played on Americans’ belief in the importance of education, science, and culture to secure support for their organization.
The truth, however, is that UNESCO is principally a facilitator, not an implementer. UNESCO’s 2012–2013 budget devoted 72 percent of all resources to overall staff costs, including temporary assistance and contracted services. Over 82 percent of that budget was dedicated to staff costs, travel, and general operating expenses. That leaves very little for actual physical projects on the ground.
Indeed, a closer look at examples offered by Bokova reveals that UNESCO is often superfluous or merely convenient rather than critical.
UNESCO performs poorly compared to other international organizations. A 2011 United Kingdom report rated UNESCO’s performance as “unsatisfactory,” noting that:
UNESCO’s significant under-performance in leadership means it is rarely critical in education and development.… It has poor systems and is unable to identify its results…. [It has] performed a useful post-disaster role in education planning and protecting cultural heritage, but needs clearer policies.… [A]dministration costs remain high. Insufficient attention [is] paid to transaction costs.… [There is substantial] room for improved financial resource management, in particular to address poor allocation mechanisms and inadequate management of poorly performing programmes.
The summary of that report concluded that if “measures are not implemented satisfactorily and performance does not improve, then the UK will consider whether it should continue to be a member of UNESCO, or whether there are more effective ways of supporting our objectives on education, culture and heritage.”
In addition to granting membership to the Palestinians, whose territory is used by terrorists to attack Israel, UNESCO and its executive board have exhibited repeated lapses in judgment. For instance:
These troubling actions are at odds with UNESCO’s claims to be a voice of moderation, ethical standards, and human rights.
Despite UNESCO’s marginal utility, questionable judgment, and poor performance, Bokova and the Obama Administration have continued to urge Congress to change the law to permit resumed funding. The President’s FY 2013 budget states the Administration’s intent to amend the law and requests funding for 2013 and to reimburse UNESCO for funds withheld in accordance with current law.
Representatives Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R–FL), chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, and Brad Sherman (D–CA), ranking member of the Subcommittee on Terrorism, authored a bipartisan letter correctly opposing efforts to waive or amend the law because it is
vital in successfully derailing attempts…to seek de facto recognition of a Palestinian state from the UN via the granting of membership to “Palestine” in UN agencies.… A UN body that acts so irresponsibly—a UN body that admits states that do not exist—renders itself unworthy of U.S. taxpayer dollars.… Weakening U.S. law, on the other hand, would undermine our interests and our ally Israel by providing a green light for other UN bodies to admit “Palestine” as a member.
To best advance American interests, the U.S. should:
America’s interest in supporting UNESCO is not critical, as President Reagan recognized when he decided in 1984 to withdraw from UNESCO because of its poor management and hostility to the “basic institutions of a free society, especially a free market and a free press.” The U.S. rejoined UNESCO in 2003 in recognition of reforms, not because of any perceived damage to U.S. interests. UNESCO’s decision to grant membership to the Palestinians trumps this goodwill gesture.
Brett D. Schaefer is Jay Kingham Fellow in International Regulatory Affairs in the Margaret Thatcher Center for Freedom, a division of the Kathryn and Shelby Cullom Davis Institute for International Studies, at The Heritage Foundation.
UNESCO, “Approved Programme and Budget for 2012–2013,” Document 36 C/5, p. x, http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0021/002152/215286e.pdf (accessed October 19, 2012).
See Brett D. Schaefer, “What Palestinian Membership Means for UNESCO and the Rest of the United Nations,” Heritage Foundation Backgrounder No. 2633, December 13, 2011, http://www.heritage.org/research/reports/2011/12/what-palestine-membership-means-for-unesco-and-the-rest-of-the-united-nations.
Claudia Rosett, “UNESCO Funny Business: Annals of a Dishonest PR Campaign,” The Weekly Standard, April 9, 2012, http://www.weeklystandard.com/articles/unesco-funny-business_634900.html (accessed October 19, 2012).
Peter Folger, “U.S. Tsunami Programs: A Brief Overview,” Congressional Research Service Report for Congress, March 18, 2011, http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/158601.pdf (accessed October 19, 2012).
Paul Rogers, “White House Budget Targets Tsunami Warning System,” San Jose Mercury News, February 27, 2012, http://www.mercurynews.com/ci_20058460?IADID=Search-www.mercurynews.com-www.mercurynews.com (accessed October 19, 2012).
U.K. Department for International Development, Multilateral Aid Review: Ensuring Maximum Value for Money for UK Aid Through Multilateral Organizations, March 2011, p. 194, http://www.dfid.gov.uk/Documents/publications1/mar/multilateral_aid_review.pdf (accessed October 19, 2012).
U.K. Department for International Development, “Multilateral Aid Review: Taking Forward the Findings of the UK Multilateral Aid Review,” March 2011, p. 19, http://www.foxnews.com/projects/pdf/Taking-forward-United-Nations.pdf (accessed October 19, 2012).
Representatives Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R–FL) and Brad Sherman (D–CA), “Joint Letter to State Dept. Opposing Waiver to Restore Funding to UNESCO,” undated, http://freebeacon.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/UNESCOletter.pdf (accessed October 19, 2012).